The paper discusses three “crusader-poets”—the trouvère Thibaut de Champagne, the troubadour Raimbaut de Vaqueiras, and the Frankish Cypriot Jehan de Journi—through three descriptive modes of the courtly crusade idiom: what I call “adjacency,” “genre existence,” and “sonic reconfigurations.” A procedure of this sort locates an idiom within, across, and against historical discourses of language (e.g. the reconfiguration of courtly lyric), culture (the emergence of penitential discourse, troubadours in twelfth-century northern Italian courts) and materiality (the shaping of an idiom by a manuscript culture over time, melodies in different crusade locations). A descriptive historical poetics makes visible adaptive, localized and creative constellations of 'speaking crusades.’
Marisa Galvez is Associate Professor of French and by courtesy, German Studies at Stanford University. She also serves as co-director of the Stanford Center for Medieval and Early Modern Studies. She specializes in medieval literature and culture, especially the lyric and romance of Continental Europe during the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. Her scholarship focuses on such topics as crusade, performance, and the European lyric tradition from the Middle Ages to the present day.