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Community Mental Health

Camberwell Assessment of Need (CAN)

Camberwell Assessment of Need (CAN) is an assessment tool used to help health and social care professionals understand the problems and difficulties experienced by people who have a serious mental illness, and then plan appropriate care and support.

There are two versions of CAN for working age adults that can be used by professionals working in specialist community and hospital-based mental health services, in social services and by GPs – the full-length CAN and CANSAS, a short adaptation. CAN-R is a research version of the assessment tool.

Modified versions of CAN have been developed for people with intellectual disabilities (CANDID); for people who use forensic mental health services (CANFOR); for new mothers and pregnant women who have mental health problems (CAN-M); and for older adults (CANE). All of them are available online via the Royal College of Psychiatrists website (links below).

CAN was first created and validated in 1994 by HSPR researchers and has since been translated into 26 languages. You can find out how to access translations by visiting the Research into Recovery website, where there is more detailed information about the development and use of CAN and the different versions:

CAN: Camberwell Assessment of Need (includes CANSAS and CAN-R)
Mike Slade, Graham Thornicroft, Linda Loftus, Michael Phelan and Til Wykes.

CANDID: Camberwell Assessment of Need for Adults with Developmental and Intellectual Disabilities
Kiriakos Xenitidis, Mike Slade, Graham Thornicroft and Nick Bouras.

CANFOR: Camberwell Assessment of Need – Forensic version
Stuart Thomas, Mari-Anne Harty, Janet Parrott, Paul McCrone, Mike Slade and Graham Thornicroft.

CAN-M: Camberwell Assessment of Need for Mothers
Louise Howard, Katherine Hunt, Mike Slade, Veronica O'Keane, Trudi Seneviratne, Morven Leese, Graham Thornicroft and Michael Wiseman.

CANE: Camberwell Assessment of Need for the Elderly
edited by Martin Orrell and Geraldine Hancock.


page updated 24 February 2013

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