Papers of ACM Sir (Henry) Robert (Moore)
Brooke-Popham, GCVO, KCB, CMG, DSO, AFC
[BROOKEPOPHAM: 1] Papers
relating to early career,
-1928, 1932, 1936, 1943, 1951
Notebook containing manuscript notes by Brooke-Popham on the campaign of 1870 in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1871, written whilst a Capt in the Oxford Light Infantry. 1 vol.
Notebook containing manuscript notes by Brooke-Popham on the regeneration of Prussia following the Battle of Jena, Oct 1806, during the War of the Third Coalition, Napoleonic Wars, written whilst a student at the Staff College, Camberley, Surrey. 1 vol.
Material from Brooke-Popham's early career, notably an essay written as a Capt in the Oxford Light Infantry, on the organisation of armies using a system of voluntary enlistment, 1907; text of a lecture on the regeneration of Prussia after the Battle of Jena, War of the Third Coalition, Napoleonic Wars, given by Brooke-Popham as a student at the Staff College, Camberley, .
Material mainly relating to Brooke-Popham's post as Director of Research at the Air Ministry, notably correspondence, telegrams and reports relating to a visit by Brooke-Popham to Germany to assess the importance to aviation of an invention by Herr Goldschmidt , Mar 1920; flight orders, correspondence, newscuttings and reports relating to a visit by Brooke-Popham to Egypt, Palestine and Mesopotamia to inspect the flight routes, landing grounds and RAF staff, including a report on the suitability of various aircraft for use in the desert, the morale of the RAF and the political situation and the economic conditions in Mesopotamia, Jul-Aug 1921, Brooke-Popham's notebook containing details of the journey, and a copy of The Aeronautical Journal, Vol XXV, Nov 1921, containing an article based upon this trip, entitled 'Aeroplanes in tropical countries'; notes by Brooke-Popham on a policy for the Directorate of Research, and the duties of the Director, 1921; notes by Brooke-Popham on visits to the French École Superieure de Guerre, 1921, and Germany, 1924.
Material collated by Brooke-Popham on early aviation, notably a pamphlet giving the provisional war establishment for the Air Bn, Royal Engineers, 29 Aug 1911; a memorandum giving 'Instructions for the employment of aeroplanes and dirigible ballons during Army manoevres, 1910'; a handwritten list by Brooke-Popham of existing Army aeroplanes, Nov 1911; articles by Brooke-Popham and Capt Philip William Lilian Broke-Smith, Adjutant, Air Bn, Royal Engineers, on military aviation and aerial reconnaissance, printed in the Army Review, Jan 1912; printed Army Orders from 1912, regarding the creation, regulations and establishment of the Royal Flying Corps; an article by Brooke-Popham on 'Military aircraft', Army Review, Jan 1913; a proof copy of a pamphlet on military aircraft, . 1 file, 11 items.
1920 Mar-1928 Apr, 1932 Dec 5,1936 Nov 17,1943 Dec 23
Papers mainly comprising texts of lectures and addresses given at the RAF Staff College, Andover, Hampshire, including speeches by ACM Sir Hugh Montague Trenchard, 1st Bt, Chief of Air Staff, and Brooke-Popham on the occasion of the opening of the Staff College on 4 Apr 1922; texts of lectures by Brooke-Popham on subjects including the work and functions of the RAF Staff College', morale, leadership and discipline, 1923-1925; copies of Brooke-Popham's final addresses to the students at the end of each course, 1923-1926; correspondence with ACM Sir Edward Leonard Ellington, Chief of Air Staff, concerning the control of the Bomber and Fighter Commands in war, 1936. 3 files, 27 items.
Booklet of printed notes and documents compiled by Brooke-Popham for use in connection with lectures and exercises at the RAF Staff College, Andover, Hampshire, referring mainly to World War One, 1 vol.
Typed history of 3 (Fighter) Sqn, Royal Flying Corps and RAF, prior to and during World War One, with notes and correspondence relating to a reunion in 1951. 1 file, 11 items..
1928 Sep 11-1930 Oct 1
Papers relating to RAF operations in Iraq and Kuwait, mainly concerning operations against the Mutair and Ajman tribes following their rebellion against Ibn Saud, King of Najd and the Hedjaz, in an attempt to prevent them seeking sanctuary in Iraq and Kuwait, notably telegrams and reports relating to harassment of the tribes through aerial bombing and the use of armoured cars; the surrender of Naif Ibn Hithlain and the Ajman, and Faisal al Dawish and the Mutair to the RAF commander, AC Charles Stuart Burnett, Chief Staff Officer, British Forces in Iraq, 8 Jan 1930; negotiations between Lt Col Hugh Vincent Briscoe, Political Resident in the Persian Gulf, Burnett, Lt Col Harold Richard Patrick Dickson, Political Agent in Kuwait, and Ibn Saud, concerning the return of the leaders and tribesmen of the Ajman and Mutair, including Burnett's notes on a conference on the subject held at Ibn Saud's camp, 20-28 Jan 1930. Also includes letters and telegrams between Brooke-Popham, ACM Sir John (Maitland) Salmond, Chief of Air Staff, and the Colonial Office, concerning the negotiations for the Anglo-Iraq Treaty, May 1930, and the necessity to retain a RAF base in central Iraq following the end of the British mandate there; maps of the Persian Gulf, printed by the Geographical Section of the War Office, 1924, on a scale of 1:4,000,000, of communications between Baghdad and the Mediterranean printed by the Public Works Department of Iraq, 1924, on a scale of 1:1,000,000, and of central and southern Iraq. 1 file, 54 items.
1928 Nov 27-1930 Oct 17
Personal correspondence and papers, notably telegrams relating to the role of 70 (Bomber Transport) Sqn, British Forces in Iraq, in evacuating civilians from the British Legation in Kabul, following a Shinwari rebellion in Afghanistan, and the text of a speech by Brooke-Popham on the arrival of Lt Col Sir Francis Henry Humphrys, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at Kabul, to give awards and medals to those involved, Jan-Feb 1929; correspondence concerning the death of Sir Gilbert Falkingham Clayton, High Commissioner and Commander in Chief for Iraq, 11 Sep 1929, and the appointment of Brooke-Popham as acting Commissioner, including notes made by the latter on recent political, military and commercial developments in Iraq; telegrams of congratulation from the Rt Hon Sidney James Webb, 1st Baron Passfield of Passfield Corner, Secretary of State for the Colonies, on successful air operations on the southern frontier of Iraq, culminating in the capture of Akhwan rebels, Feb 1930; notes by Brooke-Popham on a meeting between Faisal I, King of Iraq, and Ibn Saud, King of Najd and the Hedjaz, to discuss arbitration over desert posts, Feb 1930; letters of condolence following the death of Christopher Birdwood Thomson, 1st Baron Thomson of Cardington, Secretary of State for Air, in the R101 Airship disaster, Oct 1930; RAF photographs of a timetable and map relating to flights between Hinaidi in Iraq, Karachi in India, and Aleppo in Syria, 29 Aug-1 Sep, 1930. 1 file, 45 items.
1930 Nov 14-1935 Mar 28
Notes, newspaper cuttings, memoranda and letters comprising background research for lectures by Brooke-Popham on Iraq, notably notes on the Saud family dynasty, the Anglo-Iraq Treaty of Jun 1930, the Iraqi Cabinet, the Iraq-Persia frontier dispute, and the RAF in Iraq; drafts of lectures by Brooke-Popham at the Staff College, Camberley, Surrey, and the Imperial Defence College, London; a printed copy of the Treaty of Alliance between His Majesty in respect of the United Kingdom and His Majesty the King of Iraq, with an exchange of notes, Baghdad, 30th June 1930 (HMSO, 1931); memorandum on the convention between the Iraq Petroleum Company and the Iraq Government, 24 Mar 1931; letters from Wg Cdr (Alfred) Guy (Roland) Garrod, RAF Headquarters, Iraq, on RAF operations there, including planned operations against Barzan to effect the settlement of Assyrians in the area, Mar 1932; memorandum on the situation in Iraq following a rebellion in the Middle Euphrates area by Sheikh Abdul Wahid and his followers, and the resignation of the Iraqi Government, Mar 1935; papers relating to the situation of the Assyrians in Iraq, notably their desire to be emigrated to a country under the rule of one of the Western nations to avoid persecution in Iraq, including correspondence between Brooke-Popham and Lt Col Sir Francis Henry Humphrys, High Commissioner and Commander in Chief in Iraq, on the former's meetings with Most Rev Rt Hon Cosmo Gordon Lang, Archbishop of Canterbury, regarding the persecution of the Assyrians, memoranda on the implementation of schemes for Assyrian resettlement in the Baradost area of Iraq, summaries of negotiations in 1917-1918 between Capt George Frederick Handel Gracey, Intelligence Staff Officer attached to the British Military Mission at Tiflis, Russia, and the Assyrians at Urmia, Persia, during World War One and the role played by them in holding positions abandoned by the Russian Army; notes on the Kurdish situation in Iraq, including the growth of Kurdish nationalism, and a draft article by Brooke-Popham on the role of the RAF in the subjugation of the Kurd rebellion in Iraq led by Sheikh Ahmed of Barzan, Sep 1932. 1 file, 46 items.
[BROOKEPOPHAM: 3] Papers created as
Air Officer Commanding in Chief,
Air Defence of Great Britain, 1933-1935
Letters, memoranda and programmes relating to a Royal Review of the RAF at Mildenhall, Suffolk, and Duxford, Cambridgeshire, notably information concerning the whereabouts of the survivors of the Air Bn, Royal Engineers; memoranda on timing and procedure; printed and pictorial programmes of the Review; telegrams of appreciation from ACM Sir Edward Leonard Ellington, Chief of Air Staff, and HM King George V; a report by Brooke-Popham on the planning and execution of the Review; map of the area around Mildenhall and Duxford. 1 file, 16 items.
1935 Jul 6-8
Cuttings from various newspapers relating to the Royal Review of the RAF at Mildenhall and Duxford, 6 Jul, 1935. 4 files.
Typescript 'Air Defence of Great Britain Report on Air Exercises of 22-25 Jul' by Brooke-Popham, outlining the results of an exercise to test the operational efficiency of his command. Includes correspondence on the findings of the report between Brooke-Popham and AC Alexander Duncan Cunningham. 80pp and 1 vol.
Official programmes, including the RAF Air Display at Hendon, 1933-1935; the International Aviation Meeting at Brussells, organised by the Aéro Club Royal Belgique, 1933; a visit by HM King George V to the RAF Station at Bircham Newton, Norfolk, 1934.
[BROOKEPOPHAM: 4] Papers relating mainly to
service as Air Officer Commanding in Chief,
Middle East, 1930-1939, and relating to the Assyrian Settlement
1931 Feb 12;1935 Sep 21-1936 Sep 5
Memoranda, cypher signals, letters and notes relating to RAF operations in the Middle East, mainly planning and preparation for the outbreak of war between the League of Nations and Italy and possible air attacks on Egypt, following the Italian invasion and annexation of Abyssinia in 1935-36; instructions for Brooke-Popham from ACM Sir Edward Leonard Ellington, Chief of Air Staff, outlining his job description as Air Officer Commanding in Chief, Middle East, his position vis-a-vis political authorities regarding control over military operations and movements of the RAF in the Middle East, relations with the naval commanders, and a general plan of operations in the event of war with Italy, 1935; a schedule of RAF units in the possible war area, namely Gibraltar, Malta, the Eastern Mediterranean, the Middle East including the Sudan, Palestine, Iraq, Aden, Somaliland, and Northern Kenya, Sep 1935; papers relating to the choosing of advanced RAF landing grounds in Egypt, and the need for mobile units to protect them, in order to counter the threat to Alexandria of Italian S81 long-range bombers based in Syria, Sep-Oct 1935; memorandum on the organisation of the RAF in Sudan, especially the operations of 5 Wing, Oct 1935; notes on meetings between Adm Sir William Wordsworth Fisher, Commander in Chief of the Mediterranean Fleet, Brooke-Popham, and Gen Sir George (Alexander) Weir, General Officer Commanding, British Forces in Egypt, in order to make combined plans for the defence of Alexandria and an attack on Tobruk, Syria, Oct and Dec 1935; cypher messages between Brooke-Popham and the Air Ministry, regarding RAF retaliation in the event of Italian air attacks on Malta Air Base, Nov 1935, and plans for concentrating existing air power for the defence of Egypt, Dec 1935; notes on the defence of Alexandria, notably by 29 Sqn at Amiriya, Egypt; memorandum by Brooke-Popham entitled 'Operations against Tobruk', giving details of a proposed naval attack on Tobruk, Libya, 48 hours after the outbreak of war, with RAF assistance, Dec 1935; memorandum on the forecast distribution of British troops in Egypt on 27 Dec 1935. 1 file, 50 items.
Notes, daily log and map relating to a five day journey to the Great Sand Sea south of Siwa, Egypt, made by Brooke-Popham and various officers. 1 file, 4 items.
1935 Oct 1-1936 Sep 22
Correspondence between Brooke-Popham and ACM Sir Edward Leonard Ellington, Chief of Air Staff, divided into outgoing and incoming files, on the preparations of the RAF in the Middle East in case of a League of Nations war against Italy, following the Italian invasion and annexation of Abyssinia, notably visits by Brooke-Popham to Malta, Gibraltar, Aden, the Sudan, Kenya, Palestine and Transjordan, to inspect RAF facilities such as aerodromes, anti-aircraft defences, communications, personnel, spares and supplies, and mechanical requirements, with comments on the arrival and efficiency of RAF units, and discussions on possible operations from each place; negotiations, Oct-Dec 1935, with Gen Sir George (Alexander) Weir, General Officer Commanding, British Forces in Egypt, and Adm Sir William Wordsworth Fisher, Commander in Chief, Mediterranean Fleet, regarding combined offensive operations in the event of war (namely a RN and RAF attack on Tobruk, Libya, RAF attacks against Italian S81 aerodromes and organisations, and Army attacks on the Tobruk supply lines from a base at Sollum (Salum), Egypt, the defence of Alexandria, and the possibility of an attack on Léros, Greece, using Cyprus as a base (Rosforce operation); the progress of League of Nations peace negotiations with Abyssinia and Italy, the effectiveness of sanctions against Italy, especially possible oil embargoes, and instructions from the Air Ministry as to offensive action to be taken by Brooke-Popham in the event of Italy opening hostilities against Great Britain; a visit by Brooke-Popham to Iraq, and his observations on the political support for Yasin al-Hashimi, Iraqi Prime Minister, and Nuri al-Said, Iraqi Foreign Minister, and the attitude of the Iraqi Cabinet towards Britain; the internal situation in Egypt, especially the growth of nationalist movements, and political machinations following the death of Fuad I, King of Egypt, and the establishment of a regency for his son Faruk (Farouk), Jan 1936; descriptions by Brooke-Popham of his involvement in the negotiations, Mar-Jul 1936, for the military section of a new Anglo-Egyptian Treaty, including the opinion of the Chiefs of Staff, the British Government and the Air Ministry on the desirability of retaining the British right to freedom of flight over Egypt; the German reoccupation of the Rhineland, negotiations by the Locarno powers on the subject, and the decreasing likelihood of hostilities with Italy; detailed descriptions of the local and official reactions to the Arab Rebellion against the British Mandate in Palestine which began in Apr 1936, especially as regards the attitudes of Gen Sir Arthur Grenfell Wauchope, High Commissioner and Commander in Chief, Palestine and Transjordan, Sir Michael McDonald, Lord Chief Justice in Palestine, and Roy Godfrey Bullen Spicer, Inspector General of Police in Palestine, reactions of other Arab nations to the crisis, Brooke-Popham's recommendation that martial law be imposed, and the transfer of control to Lt Gen John Greer Dill and the Army. 2 files, 97 items.
1936 Jun 10-1936 Sep 16
Newscuttings, memoranda and correspondence relating to legal and administrative decisions concerning the Arab Rebellion against the British Mandate in Palestine, notably British newscuttings reporting the numbers of dead and injured in hostilities since Apr 1936, the causes of the Arab uprising, the Palestine Royal Commission, and trials of defendants accused of offenses committed during the disturbances; memoranda on a scheme for the application of martial law in Palestine, Jun 1936; telegrams and ciphers regarding the movement of troops and flights from the Middle East Command to Palestine, Jun 1936; a memorandum by Wg Cdr Horace George Bowen, Senior Personnel Staff Officer, RAF Headquarters, Middle East, on a fine of £1,000 inflicted upon Gaza by the District Commissioner following disturbances in the area, Jul 1936, plus newscuttings on the subject; notes on extra personnel and equipment requested by the Palestine and Transjordan Command; notes on legal decisions in cases relating to the disturbances in Palestine. 1 file, 36 items.
1936 May 18-1936 Sep 9
Memoranda, telegrams and correspondence on operational matters relating to the Arab Rebellion against the British Mandate in Palestine, notably communications between Gen Sir Arthur Grenfell Wauchope, High Commissioner and Commander in Chief, Palestine and Transjordan, AC Richard Edmund Charles Peirse, Air Officer Commanding, British Forces in Palestine and Transjordan, Brooke-Popham, the Air Ministry and the Colonial Office, concerning the growing danger of the situation in Palestine, including the disaffection of the Arab police, the continuing general strike (called by the Arab Higher Committee), the sabotage of communications in Palestine by armed rebel bands, and the murder of citizens in Jerusalem and elsewhere; telegrams and memoranda by Peirse and Brooke-Popham concerning the possible implementation of martial law in Palestine, especially regarding the use of the RAF to undertake striking action, and the need for further reinforcements of troops from Egypt and Britain, Aug 1936; letters from Peirse to ACM Sir Edward Leonard Ellington, Chief of Air Staff, describing RAF operations in Palestine, including the subduing of Jaffa, a combined air and infantry attack on rebel bands attacking a convoy in the Nur esh Shems district, and the protection of communications in the Nablus area, Jun 1936; notes and memoranda on peace negotiations with the Arab Higher Council initiated by the Iraqi Foreign Minister Nuri al-Said, and the possibility of an Arab federation, Aug 1936; telegrams from Peirse to the Air Ministry requesting permission to use aerial bombing to subdue fighting in the Nablus-Tulkarm area of Palestine, Aug 1936; telegrams and correspondence between Brooke-Popham, the Air Ministry and Peirse regarding the appointment of Lt Gen Sir John Greer Dill as Commander in Chief of British Forces in Palestine and the introduction of martial law, Sep 1936. 1 file, 67 items.
1936 Jul 251936 Dec 10
Material collated by Brooke-Popham for a lecture on events in the Near East, at the RAF Staff College, Andover, Hampshire, on 10 Dec 1936, notably a copy letter from Brooke-Popham to the Air Ministry, 25 Jul 1936, on the final draft of the Anglo-Egyptian Treaty; Brooke-Popham's notes for the Air Ministry on the introduction of martial law in Palestine; letters, newscuttings and notes on the general situation in Palestine, Sep-Nov 1936; newscutting from The Times, 25 Nov 1936, on the Anglo-Egyptian Treaty and the future defence of the Suez Canal; précis of Brooke-Popham's lecture, with manuscript additions, chiefly describing recent events in Egypt, Palestine, and Abyssinia, and their effects on the rest of the Middle East; notes on the Egyptian Royal Family, the Egyptian Cabinet, and the Combined Staff in Palestine, 1936; map of Libya and Egypt printed by the Geographical Section, General Staff, War Office, 1918, and 1932, on a scale of 1:3,000,000, with annotations showing the range of various aircraft into Libyan territory from bases at Alexandria, Mersa Mutrah and Sollum; map of the Middle East and East Africa on a scale of 1:11,500,000, showing 1000 mile radii from various air bases in British and Italian territory; diagrams showing the structure of British Forces and the RAF in Palestine and Transjordan under Lt Gen John Greer Dill, Commander in Chief, British Forces in Palestine. 1 file, 20 items.
Memorandum on the development of the RAF in the Middle East, compiled by the Operations Staff, RAF Headquarters, Middle East, in accordance with instructions received by Brooke-Popham, reviewing the situation created by the Italian invasion of Abyssinia and the revival of imperialism in Europe, and suggesting a plan for the development and strengthening of the British air forces in the Middle East. Includes an appendix on the strength of the Italian East African Empire, and a map of the Middle East and East Africa on a scale of 1:11,500,000, showing the potential areas covered by British and Italian long-range aircraft based there. 1 file, 21pp and map.
Material collated for a lecture entitled 'Jottings from the Near East', given by Brooke-Popham at the Imperial Defence College, London, on 10 Oct 1936, notably Papers regarding the recent negotiations for an Anglo-Egyptian Settlement, March 31-May 8, 1930 (HMSO, 1930); annotated précis and notes for the lecture, including sections on the Anglo-Egyptian Treaty, the troubles in Palestine and the general situation in the Near East; précis of a previous lecture by Brooke-Popham on a Staff Exercise in the Near East, Sep 1935-Jun 1936; Anglo-Egyptian Conversations, Zafaran Palace 1936, Opening Meeting: text of official speeches and translation (Government Press, Boulac, Cairo, 1936). 1 file, 15 items.
1935 Dec 11-1937 May 13
Personal material relating to the Middle East, notably correspondence with Capt A J Crawford, Ordnance Survey Office, relating to antiquarian research in the Middle East; correspondence with the Rt Hon Lord Hugh Cecil and Capt George Frederick Handel Gracey, Secretary of the Assyrian Settlement National Appeal, concerning the Assyrian settlement question. 1 file, 15 items.
Notes by Sqn Ldr Reed on the historical background to the problem of Assyrian resettlement in Iraq and Syria, with annotations by Brooke-Popham dating from 1944. 1 file, 2 items.
Typed 'Notes on the emergency in the Near East, September 1935 to June 1936' by Brooke-Popham, giving the plans of operation in Egypt, the Sudan, Alexandria and Aden; typed notes for a speech given at the RAF Staff College, Andover, Hampshire, on 'Recent events in the Near East', 10 Dec 1936. Also includes documents created whilst Governor and Commander in Chief, Kenya, relating to preparations for defence against bombing attacks in the event of war, notably memoranda by Brooke-Popham on the probable scale of air attacks against Kenya, 1938, manpower and military requirements in Kenya, Sep 1939, and a summary of telegrams between Force Headquarters, East Africa, and the War Office in the UK, relating to the preparation of plans for an offensive against Italian East Africa from Kenya. 1 file, 7 items.
1943 Nov 11-1947 Sep 30
Correspondence, memoranda and minutes relating to the formation and work of an Executive Committee on Assyrian Settlement, including letters between Brooke-Popham and Brig Gen Sir Percy (Molesworth) Sykes, Brig Gen John Gilbert Browne, AVM Hugh Vivian Champion de Crespigny, and MRAF Sir Edward Leonard Ellington, mainly on alternatives to the Khabur Settlement scheme in Syria, such as a proposal for an Assyrian settlement in Australia. 1 file, 82 items.
[BROOKEPOPHAM: 5] Papers relating to the
Empire Air Training Scheme in
Canada and South Africa, 1939-1945
1939 Sep 28-1939 Dec 20
Memoranda, telegrams and notes relating to negotiations between the Canadian and British Governments concerning the drawing up of an agreement to form the basis of the Empire Air Training Scheme, including discussions between Canadian ministers and the members of the British Riverdale Mission relating to the financing of the scheme, the status of Dominion and United Kingdom personnel whilst under training in Canada and during subsequent service overseas, the decision of the Australian Government to carry out an increased amount of complete training there, the Canadian Government desire for British reassurances that the training scheme will be viewed as their priority war effort, and a detailed debate over the proposed organisation of Canadian pilots into RAF and Canadian RAF units. 1 file, 99 items.
1939 Sep 22-1943 Mar 31
Letters, memoranda, and pamphlets relating to the initial implementation of the Empire Air Training Scheme, notably a memorandum by the Rt Hon Harold Harington Balfour, Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Air, on a discussion with the Rt Hon Stanley Melbourne Bruce, High Commissioner for Australia in London, outlining the original proposal for Dominion cooperation in the matter of pilot training, 22 Sep 1939; notes and a memorandum by Brooke-Popham on training schools for gunners, observers and pilots, and the projected intake and output of trained personnel by the scheme, Nov 1939; printed copy of a 'Memorandum of Agreement between the Governments of the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia and New Zealand, relating to training of pilots and aircraft crews in Canada and their subsequent service', Dec 1939; a letter from Brooke-Popham to the Rt Hon Sir Kingsley Wood, Secretary of State for Air, giving his impressions of the negotiations leading up to the signing of the agreement for the Empire Air Training Scheme, 17 Dec 1939; a letter [from Brooke-Popham] to the Hon Norman McLeod Rogers, Canadian Minister of National Defence, on the administration and general supervision of the scheme, 19 Dec 1939; letters from Brooke-Popham to Sir Arthur William Street, Permanent Under-Secretary of State for Air, concerning the progress of the Empire Air Training Scheme, including the selection of sites for training schools, aeroplane production, and the arrival of RAF personnel, Feb 1940; letter to Brooke-Popham from AVM Lionel Douglas Dalzell McKean, his successor as Head of the RAF Mission in Canada, on the development of the scheme, despite lack of equipment from Britain due to military circumstances, 5 Jun 1940; printed memoranda of agreements between Britain, Canada, Australia and New Zealand, concerning the identification with their home countries of the pilots trained by the Empire Air Training Scheme, 1941; printed pamphlets amending and extending the Empire Air Training Scheme in Canada, Australia and New Zealand, 1942-1943. 1 file, 32 items.
1939 Oct 11-1940 Jun 3
Personal correspondence and papers relating to Brooke-Popham's role in the British Riverdale Mission to Canada, including a memorandum on the composition of the Mission, telegrams of thanks from the Dominion Office and the Air Ministry, and telegrams of farewell from Col the Hon James Layton Ralston, Canadian Minister of Finance and the Rt Hon William Lyon Mackenzie King, Canadian Prime Minister. 1 file, 20 items.
1940 Feb 26-1941 Jun 23
Letters and memoranda relating to a Mission to South Africa headed by Brooke-Popham to discuss the implementation of an Air Training Scheme, notably a letter from Brooke-Popham to Sir Arthur William Street, Permanent Under-Secretary of State for Air, requesting detailed instructions and objects for the proposed visit to South Africa, 9 Mar 1940; memoranda of two meetings held by senior Air Personnel to discuss the terms of reference for Brooke-Popham's Mission to South Africa, Apr 1940; paper entitled 'Mission to South Africa: Memorandum on training organisation', outlining the requirements for the South African Air Force, and additional training for the RAF, 16 Apr 1940; memorandum setting out the primary objectives of the Brooke-Popham Mission to South Africa, 18 Apr 1940; letter from Brooke-Popham in South Africa to AVM Lionel Douglas Dalzell McKean, Head of the RAF Mission in Canada, mainly on the attitude of the South Africans to Germany, Britain and World War Two, 8 May 1940; correspondence between Brooke-Popham and Maj Gen Sir Pierre van Ryneveld, Chief of General Staff, Union Defence Forces, concerning the need for reorganisation and increase of the South African Air Force Staff at Defence Headquarters, 29 May 1940; memorandum drawn up by Brooke-Popham and van Ryneveld on the expansion of air training facilities in South Africa, 2 Jun 1940; booklet entitled 'Joint Air training Scheme in the Union of South Africa: memorandum of agreement 23rd June 1941'. 1 file, 17 items.
1940 Apr 27-1940 May 27
Personal correspondence between Brooke-Popham and Sir Arthur William Street, Permanent Under-Secretary of State for Air, concerning the implementation of the Empire Air Training Scheme in South Africa, notably Brooke-Popham's visits to Kenya and Southern Rhodesia, giving details of and the location and building of training schools, the calibre of the Air Force Headquarters Staff, and the need for additional equipment; the development of the scheme in South Africa, including the need for additional RAF instructors, aeroplanes and equipment, the calibre of the existing personnel and organisation, and the attitude of the South African people towards the British and the Empire Air Training Scheme. 1 file, 9 items.
1944 Jan 5-1945 Dec 10
Correspondence relating to an article written by Brooke-Popham about the Empire Air Training Scheme, for inclusion in the Empire and Commonwealth Review. 1 file, 11 items.
1945 Apr 16
Annotated copy of the 'Final Report of the Chief of the Air Staff to the members of the Supervisory Board, British Commonwealth Air Training Plan: a summary of the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan from its inception on December 17,1939, to termination on March 31, 1945'. 1 vol, 1 item.
1940 Oct 18-1949 Aug 13
Telegrams and memoranda mainly relating to the requirements of the RAF and Army in the Far East, notably a copy telegram (X776), dated 10 Jan 1941, from the Chiefs of Staff to Brooke-Popham, commenting upon the findings of the Singapore Defence Conference of Oct 1940 and Brooke-Popham's tactical appreciation, and setting a target of 336 first line aircraft and 26 Army battalions to be sent to Malaya by the end of 1941; numerous copy telegrams from Brooke-Popham to the Chiefs of Staff and the Air Ministry requesting increased numbers of aircraft and personnel, and pointing out the difficulty of defending Singapore with obsolete aircraft, no RAF reserve, and inadequate numbers of General Headquarters Staff; Mar-Oct 1941; copy telegram (21671) to the Chiefs of Staff from Lt Gen Arthur Ernest Percival, General Officer Commanding in Malaya, giving a tactical appreciation of the strength of the Army in Malaya, recommending that, due to the weakness of the RAF, the minimum essential army forces should be increased to 48 battalions, 2 Aug 1941; copy telegram from Far East Command Headquarters to the Chiefs of Staff outlining the probable Japanese plan for the capture of Singapore, the inability of the RAF to counter this by attacking Japanese shipping, and backing Percival's recommendation of an increase in ground troops, 20 Aug 1941; memoranda by Brooke-Popham and General Headquarters Far East concerning preparations for a Japanese offensive against Malaya, Sep 1941; copy telegrams (53876 and 55982) from the Chiefs of Staff to Brooke-Popham, concerning his authority to carry out Operation MATADOR (British moves in Burma to forestall Japanese attacks) without referring to the British Government, 25 Nov and 5 Dec 1941, especially following a promise of American armed support in certain cases of Japanese aggression; memorandum entitled 'Appreciation of the situation in Malaya, 18th December 1941', to consider the possibilities of holding Singapore pending the arrival of reinforcements, following the outbreak of war with Japan. 1 file, 49 items.
1940 Oct 26-1941 Oct 29
Personal correspondence between Brooke-Popham and Maj Gen Sir Hastings Lionel Ismay, Secretary to the Committee of Imperial Defence, and Deputy Secretary (Military) to the War Cabinet, notably on plans for the defence of Singapore and Malaya in the event of war with Japan, and the need for increased numbers of trained personnel, aeroplanes, equipment, anti-aircraft guns and munitions; initial impressions of Singapore, mainly the lack of communication and cooperation between the central Government, the armed service and the civil populace; the shortcomings of the Singapore Defence Council, and attempts by Brooke-Popham to improve the General Defence Scheme, undertake military exercises designed to improve inter-arm cooperation and introduce schemes for the training of volunteers; visits to Hong Kong (Jan and Apr 1941), Java (Feb 1941), Australia (Feb and Oct 1941), British Borneo (Apr 1941), Manila (Apr and Oct 1941) and Burma (Jun and Sep 1941), with comments upon morale, military preparation, problems of defence, especially in Hong Kong and Burma, aerodrome inspections, shortages of manpower, military transport, aeroplanes and equipment, and impressions of politicians and military commanders; problems relating to the transportation of materials down the Burma Road, the need for a Director General of Transportation and Brooke-Popham's request for the building of an alternative road in the area to lessen the danger of aerial bombing; the potential for increased munitions production in Australia; a visit of the Chinese Military Mission with assurances of aid in the defence of Burma against a Japanese attack through Thailand. 1 file, 19 items.
1940 Oct 31-1941 Oct 28
Semi-official correspondence between Brooke-Popham and Sir Arthur William Street, Permanent Under-Secretary of State for Air, notably impressions of Gibraltar and Malta gained during Brooke-Popham's voyage to Malaya; first impressions of the political structure and military organisation in Malaya, including details of the lack of cooperation between the three armed services, the civil populace and the central Government, the need for an effective and combined intelligence staff, and the low morale of the RAF staff due to the lack of modern aircraft and adequate reserves; a visit by Brooke-Popham to Hong Kong, Jan 1941, including details of the difficulties involved in creating an adequate landing ground for aircraft, and the attitude of the Chinese towards the British; visits by Brooke-Popham to Australia, Feb 1941, including impressions of politicians, the attitude of the civil populace towards the war, and the huge potential for aircraft production. 1 file, 16 items.
1940 Nov-1941 Oct
Itineraries of various official visits made by Brooke-Popham around Malaya and to Australia, Manila and Hong Kong, with lists of names and job titles of important personalities. Also includes lists of Army and RAF officers and staff in Malaya. 1 file, 28 items.
1941 Nov 5-1942 May 9
Letters, telegrams and memoranda relating to the replacement of Brooke-Popham as Commander in Chief, Far East, and the outbreak of war with Japan, notably telegrams between Brooke-Popham and the Rt Hon Winston (Leonard Spencer) Churchill, Prime Minister, Sir Arthur William Street, Permanent Under-Secretary of State for Air, and ACM Sir Charles Frederick Algernon Portal, Chief of Air Staff, concerning the forthcoming change in command, 5-22 Nov 1941; letters from various, including the Rt Hon John Curtin, Australian Prime Minister, the Rt Hon Alfred Duff Cooper, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, AC Hugh (William Lumsden) Saunders, Chief of Air Staff, New Zealand, and Maj Gen Frank Keith Simmons, Commander, Shanghai Area, British Troops in China, concerning Brooke-Popham's removal from the Far East Command; copy telegrams between the Commander in Chief, China, Brooke-Popham and the War Office, reporting air reconnaissance sightings of Japanese convoys, including cruisers, destroyers and merchant ships, possibly heading towards Kota Bahru, Malaya, 6-7 Dec 1941, and a copy of the initial RAF sighting report from Air Headquarters, Far East; a copy telegram sent by Brooke-Popham to the Admiralty and the War Office, [dated 7 Dec] informing them of his decision not to launch Operation MATADOR, (British moves in Burma and Malaya to forestall Japanese attacks), due to the uncertainty that the Japanese ships sighted are aimed at the Singgorra region of Malaya, and the British Government's desire to avoid breaking Thai neutrality; draft and actual Order of the Day issued by Brooke-Popham on the outbreak of war with Japan, 8 Dec 1941; copy telegrams, 12-14 Dec 1941, between Brooke-Popham and the Chiefs of Staff concerning the lack of fighter aeroplane protection of the RN battleships HMS PRINCE OF WALES and HMS REPULSE, following their bombing and sinking on 10 Dec; copy telegram from Brooke-Popham to the War Office, 25 Dec 1941, emphasising that constant communications from himself and Lt Gen Arthur Ernest Percival, General Officer Commanding, Malaya, had highlighted the serious deficiencies in land and air forces in Malaya, and that their assessment of the Japanese threat had been correct; handwritten notes by Brooke-Popham on the war in the Far East and the sinking of HMS PRINCE OF WALES and HMS REPULSE. 1 file, 77 items.
1940 Oct-1942 Jan 28
Personal material, including itineraries and dinner seating plans relating to his initial journey to Singapore, Malaya; letters and telegrams, mainly comprising thanks for hospitality during the visits of various officials to Singapore; cuttings from newspapers including The Straits Times, The Singapore Free Press, the South China Morning Post, The Singapore Times, The Herald (Manila), the Phillipines Herald, and the Manila Daily Bulletin, mainly on subjects relating to the defence of Singapore, the appointment of Brooke-Popham, speeches by the Rt Hon Winston (Leonard Spencer) Churchill, Prime Minister, the Anglo-American talks in Manila on 4 Oct 1941, and the appointment of Lt Gen Sir Henry Royds Pownall as Commander in Chief, Far East, Dec 1941. 1 file, 76 items.
1941 Jan 31-1942 Mar 18
Texts and drafts of talks and broadcasts by Brooke-Popham mainly in Malaya, Hong Kong and Manila, notably on the need for civil cooperation in the war effort, the defences of each place, the organisation of the RAF, and reactions to the Japanese invasion of northern Malaya. 1 file, 18 items.
1946 Apr 30-1947 Jul 30
Papers and correspondence relating to the publication of various despatches and reports concerning operations in Malaya, notably correspondence, 1946-1947, between Brooke-Popham, AC Theodore Newman McEvoy, Director of Supplies and Transport at the Air Ministry, and AVM Paul (Copeland) Maltby, concerning alterations to, and comments on, Maltby's 'Report on the air operations during campaigns in Malaya and Netherlands East Indies from 8 December 1941 to 12 March 1942' (Third Supplement to the London Gazette of 20 February 1948, No 38216, 26 Feb 1948), including Brooke-Popham's reaction to comments on the text by Lt Gen Arthur Ernest Percival and Sir (Thomas) Shenton (Whitelegg) Thomas; correspondence, 1946-1947, between Brooke-Popham, Gp Capt Frank G Brockman, Directorate of Staff Duties, Air Ministry, and Percival, concerning corrections to the latter's despatch on the 'Operations of Malaya Command, from 8 December 1941 to 15 February 1942' (Second Supplement to the London Gazette of 20 February 1948, No 38215, 26 Feb 1948); correspondence, 1946-1947, between Brooke-Popham, McEvoy and Brockman concerning corrections to a report by Adm Sir Geoffrey Layton on aspects of the Malayan campaign, which was never published. 1 file, 54 items.
1942 Feb 27-1953 Apr 21
Personal memoranda, correspondence and notes mainly relating to the Far East, notably notes by Brooke-Popham on the RAF in West Africa, Feb 1942, made during his return from Malaya; detailed notes, dated 12 Mar 1942, of his experiences in the Far East written by Brooke-Popham for ACM Sir Charles Frederick Algernon Portal, Chief of Air Staff, mainly concentrating upon the organisation, achievements and difficulties of his command; a letter from Portal regarding Brooke-Popham's prospects of employment in the near future, 9 Apr 1942; copy telegram, 3 Apr 1942, from [Gen] John Northcott, Chief of General Staff, Australia, to the War Office, giving an outline of a report by Maj Gen (Henry) Gordon Bennett, General Officer Commanding, Australian Imperial Force in Malaya, on the Malayan Campaign, and Brooke-Popham's comments on that text; a copy telegram from the External Affairs Department, Australia, 7 Aug 1942, describing the guerilla activities of 2 Independent Company, Australian Imperial Force, in Portuguese Timor; a memorandum by Maj Gen Ian Stanley Ord Playfair entitled 'Some personal reflections on the Malayan Campaign'; later correspondence with C T Addis, requesting Brooke-Popham's opinion on a draft section of the Official History of the war against Japan, with the latter's notes on the text, 1953. 1 file, 41 items.
Notes and correspondence relating to a lecture on Malaya given by Brooke-Popham at Overbury Town Hall on 23 Feb 1945. 1 file, 7 items.
1941 Aug 1-1948 Jan 22
Correspondence, notes and printed proofs relating to the publication of Brooke-Popham's despatch on 'Operations in the Far East, from 17 October 1940 to 27 December 1941', (Supplement to the London Gazette of 20 January 1948, No 38183, 22 Jan 1948), notably letters to Brooke-Popham from AM John Tremayne Babington (afterwards Tremayne), Air Officer Commanding in Chief, Technical Training Command, concerning the views of the War Cabinet and the Air Ministry on the likelihood of hostilities breaking out in the Far East, and his discussions with ACM Sir Charles Frederick Algernon Portal, Chief of Air Staff, relating to the lack of equipment and the difficulties faced by RAF personnel there, Aug-Sep 1941; a letter from temporary Brig Leslie Chasemore Hollis, Senior Assistant Secretary in the office of the War Cabinet, requesting an account of events in the Far East during Brooke-Popham's command, 10 Apr 1942; copies of Brooke-Popham's final despatch, and Babington's comments upon the text, 10 Jul 1942; correspondence between Brooke-Popham and the War Office relating to the publication of his despatch, including comments by various ministries on the text, Jul 1946; maps of Malaya, Burma and Hong Kong; proofs of the despatch, 1947, and final revised proofs, 1948. 1 file, 22 items.
Proof copy of the despatch of Lt Gen Arthur Ernest Percival entitled 'Operations of Malaya Command, from 8 December 1941 to 15 February 1942' (Second Supplement to the London Gazette of 20 February 1948, No 38215, 26 Feb 1948). 1 file, 4 items.
Typed confidential copy of a 'Report on the operations of the Royal Air Force during the campaigns in Malaya and Netherlands East Indies, 8th December 1941 to 12th March 1942' by AVM Sir Paul (Copeland) Maltby. 1 file, 7 items.
Typed confidential copy of the 'Personal despatch of Air Commodore C[ecil] A[lfred] Stevens, Air Officer Commanding Royal Air Force, Netherlands East Indies, October 1945 to November 1945'. 1 file, 1 item.
1942 Jun 11-1945 Dec
Memoranda, notes, lecture texts and correspondence mainly relating to the teaching of leadership skills to ATC (Air Training Corps) Cadets, notably pamphlets relating to the teaching process, notes on officer training courses run by the ATC, and handwritten and typed notes by Brooke-Popham on leadership taken from various printed sources. Also includes material relating to the future of the ATC after the end of World War Two, notably extracts from an official statement by the Rt Hon Harold Harington Balfour, Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Air, 20 Oct 1944; extracts from questions in the House of Commons on the future of the ATC and the priority of ATC Cadets for entrance into the RAF, 15 Nov 1944; and memoranda relating to press releases and talks relating to the post-war future of the ATC. 1 file, 64 items.
1942 Sep 28-1946 Aug 20
Reports and notes mainly relating to annual visits by Brooke-Popham to various Air Training Corps Training Camps, 1942-1946. 1 file, 17 items.
1943 May 19-1945 Jun 24
Minutes, memoranda and correspondence relating to the post-war organisation of the ATC (Air Training Corps), notably relating to Brooke-Popham's chairmanship of a Committee to consider the aims and organisation of the post-war ATC, and including minutes and reports of that committee, 1943-1944; minutes of the ATC Standing Committee, especially with regard to recommendations made by the Brooke-Popham Committee for the future organisation of the ATC, 1943-1944; letters from AC Sir John Adrian Chamier, Commandant of the ATC, AC Henry Percy Smyth-Osbourne, ATC Commandant South West Command, Sir Arthur William Street, Permanent Under-Secretary of State for Air, ACM Sir Charles Stuart Burnett and Gp Cdr G B Bailey, to Brooke-Popham giving their views regarding the size of the ATC following the war, 1943-1944; 'Interim statement on the future of the ATC', 22 Jul 1944, by the Chief Commandant and Director General of the ATC; official statement by the Rt Hon Harold Harington Balfour, Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Air, on the future of the ATC, 27 Oct 1944. 1 file, 52 items.
1950 May 8-1952 Apr 16
Air Ministry Standing Orders (A 335), giving the procedure for the transfer of national service officers and airmen from whole-time to part-time service, notes about service in Class H of the RAF Reserve, and a memorandum from Gp Capt the Hon Lawrence John Evelyn Fiennes, Officer Commanding, Oxon and Bucks Wing, Air Training Corps, on the method of rating the productivity of individual squadrons in the Wing. 1 file, 3 items.
[BROOKEPOPHAM: 8] Material collated by
Brooke-Popham mainly relating
to RAF training, policy and operations, -1946
Typed booklet containing Royal Flying Corps data on the weights of various munitions, guns, petrol cans and other equipment, the establishment of Royal Flying Corps squadrons and transport, and hangar capacities. 1 vol.
'Training manual, Royal Flying Corps, Part II (Military Wing) Provisional', General Staff publication 40/2483. 1 vol.
Material relating to Air Policy collated by Brooke-Popham, notably General Staff pamphlets from World War One, including 'Fighting in the air', Mar 1917 and Apr 1918, 'A review of the principles adopted by the Royal Flying Corps since the Battle of the Somme', Aug 1917, and 'Offence versus defence in the air', Oct 1917; memorandum entitled 'Extracts from a report by General Smuts on air organisation and the direction of aerial operations', Aug 1917, recommending the creation of an Air Ministry and Air General Staff; printed 'Report of the Committee on the preliminary education of candidates for Royal Air Force Commissions', Mar 1919; printed report by the 'Committee on education and research in aeronautics', Mar 1919, recommending a Board of Aeronautical Research; Permanent organisation of the Royal Air Force; note by the Secretary of State for Air on a scheme outlined by the Chief of Air Staff, (HMSO, 1919); various pamphlets on the development of the RAF, technological improvements, and imperial defence, including 'The future of the Air Force in national and imperial defence', Air Ministry pamphlet, 1921; typed draft of article by Brooke-Popham entitled 'A brief history of British Air Services, 1910-1935'; pamphlets relating to air operations in World War Two, including an 8 Army pamphlet 'Some notes on High Command in war', Tripoli, Jan 1943, and a 21 Army Group pamphlet giving 'Some notes on the use of air power in support of land operations and direct air support', Holland, Dec 1944; private pamphlets written by Hugh Montague Trenchard, 1st Viscount Trenchard of Wolfeton, on the effect of air power on war, 1943-1945. 1 file, 23 items.
'RAF Field Service Pocket Book', for the use of equipment officers. Marked 'Lt Gen Brooke-Popham'. 1 vol.
'Results of air raids on Germany: carried out by the 8th Brigade and the Independent Force, RAF: January 1st-November 11th, 1918', a confidential booklet produced by the Department of Air Intelligence, No 5. 1 vol.
'French-English and English-French vocabulary of technical terms used in aeronautics and French and British measures', produced by the Military Aeronautics Section of the French War Ministry and the Commission of British Aviation, 2nd edition. 1 vol.
'Operations manual, Royal Air Force (provisional)', produced by the Air Ministry. 1 vol.
1926 Feb 19
'Notes on the organisation and employment of aircraft working with the enemy', General Staff publication 26/624, by Maj Gen the Hon John Francis Gathorne-Hardy, Director of Military Training, War Office. 1 vol.
'Memorandum on air power and imperial defence', and Air Ministry publication written by AM Sir Hugh Montague Trenchard, 1st Bt. 1 vol.
Material relating to a visit by Brooke-Popham to France, including a 'Report on visits to RAF units in France, 20th-22nd October 1939', and a letter to ACM Sir Cyril Louis Norton Newall, Chief of Air Staff, 1 Nov 1939, giving impressions gained on the visit, notably concerning morale, armaments, communications, and offensive tactics. 1 file, 4 items.
1940 Aug 5
Typed 'Report on reinforcement flight of Blenheims and Hurricanes that left Tangmere for the Middle East, 18th June 1940', by Brooke-Popham, analysing the reasons for the failure of the flight, which resulted in the loss of seven aircraft. 39pp.
1940 Nov 7
Typed memorandum from 11 Group Headquarters to Fighter Command Headquarters regarding German aerial attacks on England from 11 Sep-31 Oct 1940. 26pp.
1939 Sep 29-1940 Sep 29
File relating to air fighting tactics, notably Bomber Command tactical memoranda, 1939-1940, including bomb raid report and combat report forms; minutes of the Group and Squadron Commanders' Conference at Northolt, Middlesex, 14 Jun 1940; memoranda, , by Wg Cdr Halahan concerning the operation of fighters in strength, fighter tactics, and beam attacks by front gun fighters; a report by 11 Group, RAF, on operations over France, May-Jun 1940; memoranda on action to be taken in the event of a German invasion of the UK, and German air forces available for an attack on England and to aid in an invasion, Autumn 1940; a letter from AVM Paul Copeland Maltby concerning the passing on of fighting experience from casualties in hospitals, 29 Sep 1940. 1 file, 33 items.
'Royal Air Force war manual: part I - operations (Provisional)', Air Ministry publication 1300. 1 vol.
Typed despatch by ACM Sir Arthur Murray Longmore, Air Officer Commanding in Chief, RAF, Middle East, covering the period 13 May to 31 Dec 1940. 50pp.
1941 Mar 17
Typed 'Report of Committee to investigate war experiences', of which Brooke-Popham was the Chairman, on the lessons to be learnt from recent air operations in France and Belgium during 1939-1940, with recommendations for action, and comments on the report by Sir Henry Thomas Tizard, Chairman of the Aeronautical Research Commission, and AM Sir Arthur Sheridan Barratt, former Air Officer Commanding in Chief, British Air Forces in France. Also includes typed 'Notes on the air problem of home defence against invasion', by Brooke-Popham, and additional comments by AVM Bertine Entwhistle Sutton, Commandant of the RAF Staff College at Andover, Hampshire. 1 file, 10 items.
'The art of war', a confidential booklet by Adm the Hon Sir Reginald Aylmer Ranfurly Plunkett-Ernle-Erle-Drax. 1 vol.
'Notes on the history of RAF training, 1939-1944', a restricted booklet produced by the Air Member for Training, Air Ministry. 1 vol.
1946 Nov 6
'A survey of Anglo-American air operations against the Reich and Western Europe, 1942-1944: a study prepared by the German Air Historical Branch (8th Abteilung) and dated 6th October, 1944', translated by the Air Historical Branch of the Air Ministry. 12pp.
Notes, newspaper cuttings and pamphlets collated by Brooke-Popham on the subject of 'Morale', including pamphlets on psychology, notes on the character of the English, typed notes on World War One created for the RAF Staff College, Andover, Hampshire, and a pamphlet on the welfare of soldiers. 1 file, 27 items.
Cuttings from various newspapers, including The Times, The Aeroplane, and The Observer, on subjects including the electrical structure of matter, French Marshal Ferdinand Foch, mass production, the French Levant States, the obituary of Feisal I, King of Iraq, archeological excavations in Iraq, conditions of efficiency in the British Army, Anglo-Egyptian political relations, Imperial Defence, communism and anti-semitism. 1 file, 36 items.
Handwritten notes, newspaper cuttings and copy telegrams collated by Brooke-Popham, on subjects mainly relating to leadership and the art of war; the interwar cooperation of the Army, Navy and Air Force; speeches made by the Rt Hon Winston (Leonard Spencer) Churchill, Prime Minister, and HM King George VI during World War Two; wartime bombing in London; definitions of strategy. 1 file, 86 items.
Notes, drafts and précis oflectures on 'Cooperation' given by Brooke-Popham to the RN War School at Greenwich, London. 1 file, 6 items.
Notes, correspondence and newscutting relating to a speech given by Brooke-Popham at the Eleventh Annual RAF Dinner, 23 Jun 1933, celebrating 21 years of the RAF. 1 file, 6 items.
1933; 1940;1943 Jan 30-1945 Sep 16
Material gathered by Brooke-Popham relating to RAF traditions, intended for use by officers and instructors of the Air Training Corps, including correspondence with Wg Cdr Rupert de la Bere, Jul 1943-May 1944; texts of a speech by Brooke-Popham at Hampstead Parish Church on Wings for Victory Sunday, 7 Mar 1943; orders of service for various remembrance and celebratory services, 1943-1945; notes by Brooke-Popham on traditions and heroism in the RAF; 'Notes on the traditions of the Royal Air Force', by Brooke-Popham, Air Ministry pamphlet No 55, [Apr 1944]. 1 file, 37 items.
Texts of speeches given by Brooke-Popham at the Imperial Defence College, London, on 'The preparation of combined appreciations for a major war', and 'Higher direction of war', 1934, and text of a lecture on 'Grand Strategy' given by Edward Mead Earle at the Army and Navy Staff College, Washington DC, USA, 15 Sep 1944. 1 file, 3 items.
Correspondence and notes relating to a lecture on the Higher Direction of War given by Brooke-Popham at the Imperial Defence College, London, on 16 Nov, notably correspondence with Wg Cdr (Eric) John Hodsoll, Assistant Secretary of the Committee of Imperial Defence, concerning the workings of the Committee; a letter from Sqn Ldr (Robert) Stanley Aitken, Commander 41 and 25 Sqns, RAF, on the history of the submarine cable between the US and Europe; rough notes for the speech, and a point by point outline of the finished lecture. 1 file, 8 items.
1939 Nov 11-1952 Nov 14
Handwritten and typed notes for various speeches and talks given by Brooke-Popham, including broadcasts in Canada and South Africa on air power, 1939-1940. 1 file, 58 items.
1940 Jun 19-1944 Feb 28
Newscuttings and notes mainly relating to British air power during World War Two, notably the contribution of British superiority in the air to the defeat of the enemy, and the effects of aerial bombing. 1 file, 78 items.
1942 Sep-1945 Sep
Texts of speeches, notes, correspondence and drafts relating to the writing of a pamphlet on 'The duties of an officer' by Brooke-Popham for the Department of the Air Member for Training, including detailed notes on leadership, discipline and morale, stories of the gallantry and good leadership of particular RAF officers during World War Two, and letters from Brooke-Popham to AM Sir Roderic Maxwell Hill, Member of the Air Council for Training. 1 file, 18 items.
1943 Jan 5-1948 Mar 29
Notes, correspondence and drafts relating to articles, lectures and papers written by Brooke-Popham, notably material concerning the writing of 'Operations 1939-42: operations in France September 1939-June 1940', and 'Operations in 1939-42: the Norwegian campaign, 1940', Parts 9 and 10 of 'Role of the RAF in war and the strategical use of air power' (issued by the Department of the Air Member for Training, 1943-1944); text of an article entitled 'Sea, land and air power', in reply to an article by Adm Hon Sir Reginald Aylmer Ranfurly Plunkett-Ernle-Erle-Drax in the Royal United Services Institution Journal, Feb 1943; material on the centralised control of air forces, with a brief history of the unified air force, Mar 1943; a draft article by Brooke-Popham on the Battle of Britain, Sep 1943; draft for a booklet on the traditions of the RAF, ; a draft article on the formation of the RAF Staff College, Andover, Hampshire. 1 file, 52 items.
1944 Jan 20-1952 Dec 27
Newscuttings and notes relating mainly to the RAF during World War Two, notably the role played by British air power in the Normandy landings, 1944, the Allied strategic bombing of Germany, 1944, techniques and tactics of air support, the use of aircraft to transport supplies for the campaign in Burma, Apr 1944, British aircraft production, and VCs won by RAF and Royal Naval Air Force pilots. Also includes numerous press cuttings concerning post-war world affairs, including the Yalta Conference and the charter of the UN, 1945, the election of a Labour Government in the UK, Aug 1945, the economic situation of Germany, Italy and Russia, the partition of India, 1947, the Berlin Airlift, 1948, the creation of the State of Israel and violence in Palestine, 1948, and the Korean War, 1950. 1 file, 174 items.
1944 Aug 25-1947 Oct 26
Material collected by Brooke-Popham for a speech on 'Training for war and its value in peace', including a text of the speech with alterations, newscuttings and notes on leadership and humanity. 1 file, 19 items.
[BROOKEPOPHAM: 10] Printed
Articles mainly from The United Service Magazine, on military topics, such as 'Intelligence and information in war' and 'Military freehand drawing'. 1 file, 5 items.
Fiction and historical articles taken from Blackwood's Magazine. 1 file, 12 items.
1918 Apr 11
Printed copy of a special Order of the Day by FM Sir Douglas Haig, Commander in Chief, British Armies in France, following the German Spring Offensive on the Western Front. 1p.
Various magazines, including The Hinaidian (the magazine of the RAF in Iraq), Vol I, No 10, Jul 1930, including articles by Brooke-Popham on 'Some reminiscences of the RFC in 1914', and 'Assyrians-Chaldeans-East Syrians', and copies of The Aeroplane, including Vol XLIV, No 19, May 1933, containing articles on the history of the RAF and a photograph of Brooke-Popham and other early RFC members in 1912.
1940 Jul-1942 Dec
Various numbers of Review of World Affairs: Memorandum of Information on foreign affairs and the world crisis, a series published by the Imperial Policy Group, written by Kenneth de Courcy. 1 file, 25 items.
Out of darkness: the story of a Nazi air ace, by Padre Howard Guiness (The Church Army Press, Oxford, ). 1 vol.
The fleet of the future: an important examination of Major Alexander Seversky's famous 'Victory through air power', by the Marchioness of Londonderry (Hutchinson and Co Ltd, London, 1943). 1 vol.
Two copies of Twenty five years of the RAF, 1918-1943, Air Ministry pamphlet 152, issued by the Department of the Air Member for Training, Air Ministry. 2 vols.
Battle of Britain, Air Ministry pamphlet 156, written by Brooke-Popham (see 9/12), and issued by the Department of the Air Member for Training, Air Ministry. 1 vol.
'Operations 1939-42: the Norwegian campaign, 1940', Part 10 of 'Role of the RAF in war and the strategical use of air power', issued by the Department of the Air Member for Training, Air Ministry (see 9/12). 14pp.
'Operations 1939-42: operations in France, September 1939-June 1940', Part 9 of 'Role of the RAF in war and the strategical use of air power', issued by the Department of the Air Member for Training, Air Ministry (see 9/12). 41pp.
Despatch by FM Alexander, 'The African campaign from El Alamein to Tunis, from 10th August 1942 to 13th May 1943', Supplement to the London Gazette of Tuesday, 3rd of February, 1948 (No 38196, 5 Feb 1948). 47pp.
Copies of The Times Science Review. 1 file, 6 items.
[BROOKEPOPHAM: 11] Maps
and photos, 1917-
World War One aerial photographs of towns, roads, canals and railways on the Western Front, including Lens, Ghent, the Canal du Nord and sections of the British line in the Hollebeke area. 13 items.
Map of Palestine and Transjordan, printed by the Geographical Section, General Staff, War Office, (No 3932), on a scale of 1:7.89 miles.
Map of the Persian Gulf, printed by the Geographical Section, General Staff, War Office (No 2957), on a scale of 1:4,000,000.
'Stanford's map of the Mediterranean Sea, 1934', (Edward Stanford Ltd, London, 1934), on a scale of 1:3,220,177, annotated to show 1000 mile radii from air bases at Marsa Mutrah and Morpho, Egypt.
Map of China, printed by the Geographical Section, General Staff, War Office (No 2957), second edition of a 1926 map, on a scale of 1:4,000,000.
Map of North Africa and the Middle East, annotated with 1000 mile radii from various air bases in British and Italian territory.
Map of the 'Indian Ocean, including Australia, New Zealand and Malaysia', published by the National Geographic Society for the National Geographic Magazine, 1941, on a scale of 1:20,000,000.
Ground and air map of Morrocco, printed by the Geographical Section, General Staff, War Office, second edition of a 1940 map, copied from a French map of 1939, on a scale of 1:2,000,000.
Ground and air map of Algeria, printed by the Geographical Section, General Staff, War Office, second edition of a 1940 map, copied from a French map of 1930, on a scale of 1:2,000,000.
'Daily Telegraph map of the Mediterranean and Northern Africa: Daily Telegraph war map 5', (Hutchinson and Co, London).
'Stanford's map of the battle fronts of Western Russia: Murmansk to Batum', (Edward Stanford Ltd, London) on a scale of 1:3,220,177.