Papers of Maj Gen Arthur Reginald Chater, CB, CVO, DSO, OBE, (1896-1979)
Born 1896; entered Royal Marines as 2nd Lieut, 1913, serves with RM brigade in Flanders, 1914; Gallipoli, 1915 (despatches, French Croix de Guerre); Grand Fleet, 1916-1917; Adjutant of RM Bn which landed from HMS VINDICTIVE at Zeebrugge, Netherlands, 23 Apr 1918; served in Egyptian Army, 1921-1925; Sudan Defence Forces, 1925-1931; commanded Sudan Camel Corps, 1927-1930; commanded military operations in Kordofan, 1929-1930; Senior RM Officer, East Indies Station, 1931-1933; Home Fleet, 1935-1936; Commanded Somaliland Camel Corps, 1937-1940; commanded defence of British Somaliland, 1940; Military Governor and Commander troops British Somaliland, 1941-1943; Commander Portsmouth Div Royal Marines, 1943-1944; Director of Combined Operations, India and South East Asia, 1944-1945; MGGS, 1945-1946; Commander Chatham Group Royal Marines, 1946-1948; one of HM's Body Guard of Honorary Corps of Gentleman-at-Arms, 1949- 1966 and Harbinger, 1952-1966; Col Commandant Somaliland Scouts, 1948-1958; Member, Berkshire County Council, 1955-1961; Member of Anglo-Somali-Society, 1960-1979; died 1979.
Placed in the Centre by Maj Gen Arthur Reginald Chater in 1964 and 1976 and by his executors in 1979.
SCOPE AND CONTENT
The papers cover the period 1915-1978, and include papers on his service in World War One, in particular extracts from diary on Gallipoli offensive, Turkey, May 1915 and Allied raid on Zeebrugge, Netherlands, Apr 1918; correspondence, narratives of operations and photographs from his service as Officer Commanding Sudan Camel Corps, 1927-1930; reports on defence of British Somaliland and accounts of Italian invasion of Somaliland from his service as Officer Commanding Somaliland Camel Corps, 1937-1940; papers relating to his service as Military Governor and Officer Commaning, British Somaliland, 1941-1943; papers on service as Officer Commanding Portsmouth Div Royal Marines, including narrative of Operation OVERLORD, 1943-1944; papers on service as Director of Combined Operations, India and South-East Asia, including notes on Operation LIGHTNING, 1944-1945; papers on service as Commander Chatham Group Royal Marines, including lecture notes1946-1948; unpublished manuscripts on aspects of the Allied war effort in British Somaliland; papers on service as Honorary Colonel Somaliland Scouts, 1948-1958, and membership of Anglo-Somali Society, 1960- 1978.
Arranged mainly chronologically in sections reflecting military service. Maps and photographs are grouped separately. A concordance has been provided to references given in previous catalogues.
CONDITIONS OF ACCESS AND USE
Open, subject to signature of reader's undertaking form.
Copies, subject to the condition of the original, may be supplied for research use only. Requests to publish original material should be submitted to the Trustees of the Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives, attention of the Director of Archive Services.
The papers of Gen Sir (Alfred) Reade Godwin-Austen cover the period of Chater's service as Officer Commanding, Somaliland Corps.
The Imperial War Museum holds a copy of Chater's 'Gallipoli Memoirs' relating to his service at Gallipoli, Turkey, 1915, and a typescript account by Chater of his service in the Royal Marines, 1913- 1920. The Royal Marines Museum, Portsmouth, holds a diary by Chater, 1915; photograph album of Zeebrugge, Belgium, 1918, narrative of his career 1913-1927, diary for 1944, and transcript of an interview with Chater from 1958.