King's College London
Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives

King's College London
Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives

Survey of the Papers of Senior UK Defence Personnel, 1900-1975

CUNNINGHAM, Sir Alan Gordon (1887-1983), General

Service biography
Commissioned, Royal Artillery 1906; service with Royal Horse Artillery and as Bde Maj and General Staff Officer Grade 2, Western Front, World War I 1914-1918; Staff Officer, Straits Settlements, Malaya 1919-1921; RN Staff College 1925; Instructor, Machine Gun School 1928-1931; Imperial Defence College 1937; Commander, Royal Artillery 1 Div 1937; 5 Anti-Aircraft Div, Territorial Army 1938; World War II 1939-1945; Commander, 66 Div, 9 Div and 51 Div 1940; General Officer Commanding East Africa Forces 1940-1941; General Officer Commanding-in-Chief 8 Imperial Army, Middle East 1941; removed from command of 8 Army by Gen Sir Claude Auchinleck during battle of Sidi Rizegh 1941; convalescent 1942; Commandant, Staff College, Camberley 1943; Northern Ireland 1943-1944; Eastern Command 1944-1945; High Commissioner and Commander-in-Chief Palestine and High Commissioner of Trans-Jordan 1945-1948; retired 1948; Col Commandant Royal Artillery 1944-1954

IMPERIAL WAR MUSEUM, LONDON: The papers of Lt Gen Sir Oliver William Hargreaves Leese (ref: Strong Rm), include three letters from Cunningham 1945-1946, including comment on the handover of Eastern Command, Dec 1945; the papers of FM Bernard Law Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein and Hindhead, include Montgomery's notes on Gen Sir Claude John Eyre Auchinleck's removal of Cunningham from the command of 8 Army, North Africa, Nov 1941 (20pp, ref: BLM 54); the papers of Lt Gen Sir (Harry) Edward de Robillard Wetherall include two reports by Cunningham as General Officer Commanding East Africa Force, on operations in Abyssinia 1940-1941 (53pp and 42pp); NATIONAL ARMY MUSEUM, LONDON: Correspondence and papers 1918-1976 (ref: 8303/104); including a few items from his early career 1918-1940; papers relating to his commands in East Africa and North Africa 1940-1943; papers relating to Northern Ireland 1943-1944; papers relating to Palestine 1945-1948; RHODES HOUSE LIBRARY, OXFORD UNIVERSITY: The papers of Arthur Creech Jones include letters from Cunningham relating to Palestine 1945-1964 (ref: MSS British Emp s 332/32/3, 60); ROYAL ARTILLERY INSTITUTION, LONDON: Ephemera, including citations during World War II (ref: MD/1523)


Index terms
PLACES Ethiopia 1940-1941; East Africa 1940-1941; Israel 1945-1948; Middle East 1945-1948;
NAMES FM Sir Claude Auchinleck 1941; AF Andrew Browne Cunningham, 1st Viscount Cunningham of Hyndhope (brother)

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