King's College London
Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives

King's College London
Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives

Survey of the Papers of Senior UK Defence Personnel, 1900-1975

Name
FRENCH, Sir John Denton Pinkstone, (1852-1925), 1st Earl of Ypres, Field Marshal

Service biography
Joined HMS BRITANNIA 1866; RN cadet and midshipman 1866-1872; joined 8 Hussars 1874; transferred to 19 Hussars; Sudan 1884-1885; Commander, 19 Hussars 1889-1893; Assistant Adjutant General of Cavalry 1893-1894; Assistant Adjutant General, Army Headquarters 1895-1897; Commander, 2 Cavalry Bde 1897-1899; 1 Cavalry Bde, Aldershot 1899; Commander, Cavalry Div, South African War 1899-1902; Colesberg and Relief of Kimberley 1900; Eastern Transvaal 1901; Cape Colony operations 1901; Commander, 1 Army Corps 1901-1907; Inspector General of the Forces 1907-1911; Chief of the Imperial General Staff 1911-1914; Inspector General of the Forces 1914; World War I 1914-1918; Commander-in-Chief British Expeditionary Force (BEF), France 1914-1915; Home Forces 1915-1918; Lord Lt of Ireland 1918-1921

Papers
LIDDELL HART CENTRE FOR MILITARY ARCHIVES: The papers of FM Sir William (Robert) Robertson include copies of FM Horatio Herbert Kitchener's, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum and Broome correspondence 1914-1916, including correspondence with FM Sir John French BODLEIAN LIBRARY, OXFORD UNIVERSITY: The papers of Herbert Henry Asquith, 1st Earl of Oxford and Asquith include correspondence with French (ref: MSS Asquith); BRITISH LIBRARY, DEPARTMENT OF MANUSCRIPT COLLECTIONS, LONDON: Correspondence between French and Alfred Charles William Harmsworth, 1st Viscount Northcliffe of St Peter in the County of Kent 1914-1919 (ref: Add MS 62159); the papers of Gen Sir Edward Thomas Henry Hutton include correspondence with French 1900-1915 (ref: 50086); CHURCHILL ARCHIVE CENTRE, CHURCHILL COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY: The papers of Reginald Baliol Brett, 2nd Viscount Esher include correspondence with French (ref: ESHR); HOUSE OF LORDS RECORD OFFICE, LONDON: The papers of David Lloyd George, 1st Earl Lloyd George of Dwyfor include correspondence with French 1916-1925 (ref: Lloyd George papers); IMPERIAL WAR MUSEUM, LONDON: Papers 1900-1925 (ref: 75/46/14, PP/MCR/C32), including; microfilm diaries 1900-1902 (ref: PP/MCR/C32); file of letters from Reginald Baliol Brett, 2nd Viscount Esher, Permanent Member of the Committee of Imperial Defence 1904-1907; correspondence relating to the Curragh Mutiny, Ireland 1914, including letters from FM Frederick Sleigh Roberts, 1st Earl Roberts of Kandahar, Pretoria and Waterford and Gen Sir Arthur (Henry Fitzroy) Paget; microfilm diaries 1914-1921 (ref: PP/MCR/C32); correspondence between the British General Headquarters and the French General Headquarters 1914-1915; letters 1915 relating to his appointment as Commander-in-Chief, British Expeditionary Force (BEF) (99 items); transcripts of telegrams between General Headquarters and the War Office 1915; 1 Army and 2 Army operations orders, reports and appreciations 1915, including reports on operations at Neuve Chapelle and Loos; French's 'Memorandum on the military situation', Nov 1917; correspondence with King George V 1918-1920; letters to his mistress, Mrs Winifred Bennett 1914-1922; letters received by French 1905-1925, including; three letters from Gen Sir (Cecil Frederick) Nevil Macready 1918-1921; a single letter from Gen Sir Horace Lockwood Smith-Dorrien, Oct 1917; two letters from Lt Gen Sir (George) Tom (Molesworth) Bridges 1915-1916; three letters from David Lloyd George, 1st Earl Lloyd George of Dwyfor 1915-1921; two letters from FM Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig 1914; eight letters from Reginald Baliol Brett, 2nd Viscount Esher 1915-1918; 44 letters from FM Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum and Broome 1906-1916; a single letter from Gen Sir Charles (Vere Ferrers) Townshend, Nov 1914; three letters from Gen Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton 1915-1919; 34 letters from Sir Winston (Leonard Spencer) Churchill 1914-1923; official correspondence relating to Ireland 1918-1921; the papers of Lovat Fraser, journalist on The Times (ref: Misc N3), include two letters from French 1919, with comment on his relations with Herbert Henry Asquith, 1st Earl of Oxford and Asquith 1914-1915; the papers of Gen Sir Archibald James Murray include material relating to Murray's dismissal as French's Chief of General Staff, Jan 1915 (ref: 79/48/4, B7); the papers of Lt Col Brinsley Fitzgerald include correspondence with French 1901-1918; the papers of Howell Arthur Gwynne, editor of The Morning Post (ref: Con Shelf), include correspondence with FM Sir Henry Hughes Wilson 1914-1919, which includes comment on Wilson's troubled relations with French; NATIONAL ARMY MUSEUM, LONDON: The papers of FM Frederick Sleigh Roberts, 1st Earl Roberts of Kandahar, Pretoria and Waterford include letter from French 1900-1904 (ref: 7101/23, 8310/155-62); NATIONAL LIBRARY OF IRELAND, DUBLIN: Diary 1919-1920 (ref: Ms 2269); NATIONAL LIBRARY OF SCOTLAND, EDINBURGH: The papers of Richard Burdon Haldane, 1st Viscount Haldane of Cloan include correspondence with French 1906-1923 (ref: MSS 5907-6082); NUFFIELD COLLEGE LIBRARY, OXFORD UNIVERSITY: Correspondence between French and Maj Gen John Edward Bernard Seely, 1st Baron Mottistone of Mottistone 1912-1917; PUBLIC RECORD OFFICE, LONDON: The papers of FM Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum and Broome include correspondence with French 1914-1915 (ref: PRO 30/57; War Office 159); the personal War Office file for Gen Sir Edward Thomas Henry Hutton includes correspondence concerning Hutton's relationship with French 1907-1908; WILTSHIRE AND SWINDON RECORD OFFICE: The papers of Walter Hume Long, 1st Viscount Long of Wraxall include correspondence with French 1918-1920 (ref: 947)

Publications
: Report of General Sir John French upon his inspection of the Canadian Military Forces (Ottawa, 1910); The despatches of Sir John French: I Mons, II the Marne, III The Aisne, IV Flanders (Chapman & Hall, London, 1914); The despatches of Lord French...And a complete list of the officers and men mentioned (Chapman & Hall, London, 1917); The German and small nations: an interview with Lord French (J J Keliher & Co, London, 1917); 1914 (Constable & Co, London, 1919); Some war diaries, addresses and correspondence, edited by Maj The Hon Edward Gerald French (son) (Herbert Jenkins, London, 1937); Francis Dodsworth, Major General J D P French (Soldiers of the Queen Library, London, 1900); John George Maydon, French's Cavalry campaign in South Africa (C A Pearson, London, 1901); Charles Sydney Goldmann, With General French and the cavalry in South Africa (Macmillan & Co, London, 1902); Robert M Napier, Sir John French and Sir John Jellicoe: their lives and careers (Patriotic Publishing Co, London, 1914); Archibald Rae, General French and Admiral Jellicoe (Collins, London, 1914); Richard Horatio Edgar Wallace, Field Marshal Sir John French and his campaign (George Newnes, London, 1914); Richard Horatio Edgar Wallace, The standard history of the war, comprising the official despatches from General French and staff, with descriptive narrative (four volumes, George Newnes, London, 1914-1915); Walter Copeland Jerrold, Field Marshal Sir John French: the story of his life and battles (W A Hammond, London, 1915); Cecil Chisholm, Sir John French: an authentic biography (Herbert Jenkins, London, 1915); Edward Gerald French (son), The Life of Field Marshal Sir John French, First Earl of Ypres (Cassell & Co, London, 1931); Edward Gerald French (son), French replies to Haig (Hutchinson & Co, London, 1936); Edward Gerald French (son), The Kitchener-French dispute: a last word (William Maclellan, Glasgow, 1960)

Index terms
SUBJECTS strategy 1914-1918
PLACES Western Front 1914-1918; North West Europe 1914-1918
NAMES

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