King's College London
Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives

King's College London
Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives

Survey of the Papers of Senior UK Defence Personnel, 1900-1975

Name
KEYES, Sir Roger John Brownlow (1872-1945), 1st Baron Keyes of Zeebrugge and Dover, Admiral of the Fleet

Service biography
Joined RN 1885; HMS RALEIGH, Africa Station 1887; HMS TURQUOISE, East Africa 1890; commanding HMS OPOSSUM 1898; HMS FAME, Hong Kong and Boxer Rebellion, China 1900; Signals training 1901; Second in Command, destroyer flotilla, Devonport 1901; Naval Intelligence Division 1903-1905; Naval attache, Rome, Italy 1905-1907; HMS VENUS 1908-1910; Inspector Capt of Submarines 1910-1912; Cdre commanding submarines 1912; World War I 1914-1918; Chief of Staff, Eastern Mediterranean 1915-1916; Director of Plans, Admiralty 1917; commanding Dover patrol 1918; operations at Zeebrugge, Belgium 1918; Battle cruiser sqn, Atlantic 1919-1921; Lord Commissioner, Admiralty and Deputy Chief of Naval Staff 1921-1925; Commander-in-Chief Mediterranean 1925-1928; Portsmouth 1929-1931; Honorary Col Commandant Royal Marines, Portsmouth 1932-1943; retired 1935; MP (Conservative), Portsmouth North 1934-1943; World War II 1939-1941; Special liason to King Leopold of Belgium 1940; Director of Combined Operations 1940-1941

Papers
LIDDELL HART CENTRE FOR MILITARY ARCHIVES: Papers of Gen Hastings Lionel Ismay, 1st Baron Ismay of Wormington, include official correspondence with Keyes 1941-1942 (ref: Ismay 4/Key/1-23: see also Cabinet papers, PRO) CHURCHILL ARCHIVES CENTRE, CHURCHILL COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY: The papers of MRAF Hugh Montague Trenchard, 1st Viscount Trenchard of Wolfeton, include correspondence with Keyes 1924 (Ref:
TRON); the papers of AF Sir John Michael de Robeck include correspondence with Keyes 1915-1916 (ref: DRBK); the papers of AF Sir (Alfred) Dudley Pound include correspondence with Keyes 1930-1941 (ref: DUPO); the papers of Adm Sir Dudley Burton Napier North, chiefly relating to North's dismissal from command 1940, and his subsequent efforts to clear his name, include correspondence with Keyes; the papers of R Adm Tufton Percy Hamilton Beamish inlcude a memorandum from Keyes 1930, on the effects of the Royal Oak case on his prospect of becoming First Sea Lord; IMPERIAL WAR MUSEUM, LONDON: Two letters relating to the raid on Zeebrugge submarine base, Apr 1918, by Dover Patrol, under Keyes' command; the papers of Maj Gen Joseph Charles Haydon (ref: 93/28/4; Con Shelf) include four letters from Keyes, mainly concerning the death of his son, Lt Col Geoffrey Keyes, VC, killed during a Commando attack behind German lines, Libya, Nov 1941; the Haydon papers also include letters from Keyes concerning combined operations 1942-1944; the papers of FM Bernard Law Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein and Hindhead, include a single letter from Keyes, Aug 1940, requesting comments on Keyes' report on operations in Belgium, May 1940 (four pages, ref: BLM 25/33); The papers of Adm Sir Roger Phillimore include a single letter from Keyes, Mar 1934, including comment on the Falkland Islands action, 1914 (two pages, ref: RFP/17); the papers of Alexander Barris, biographer of Adm Sir Lewis Bayly, include two letters to Bayly from Keyes 1920; the papers of V Adm Harry Rowlandson Godfrey include a single letter from Keyes 1918, concerning officers who served with Godfrey at Gallipoli, 1915; NATIONAL LIBRARY OF SCOTLAND, EDINBURGH: Letters to R Adm Robert Kirk Dickson 1941 (ref: Acc 4471); NATIONAL MARITIME MUSEUM, LONDON: the papers of AF (Alfred) Ernle Montacute Chatfield, 1st Baron Chatfield, include correspondence with Keyes 1933-1937 (ref: CHA); the papers of Adm Sir Walter Cowan include letters from Keyes; PUBLIC RECORD OFFICE, LONDON: Admiralty papers include correspondence 1932-1934 between Keyes and Bolton Meredith Eyres-Monsell, First Lord of the Admiralty (ref: ADM 230); Cabinet papers include letters from Keyes to Lt Gen Hastings Lionel Ismay 1941 (ref: CAB 127/15: see also Ismay papers in the Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives); ROYAL MARINES MUSEUM, PORTSMOUTH: The papers of Gen Sir William Wellington Godfrey include HMS TRIAD order papers, Sep 1915, with accompanying notes by Keyes (ref: ARCH 11/12/4 (59))

Publications
: The naval memoirs of Admiral of the Fleet Sir Roger Keyes (Thornton Butterworth, London, 1934); Adventures ashore and afloat (G G Harrap & Co, London, 1939); The fight for Gallipoli (Eyre & Spottiswoode, London, 1941); Amphibious warfare and combined operations (Cambridge University Press, 1943); edited by C Sanford Terry, Ostend and Zeebrugge, April 23: May 10, 1918. The despatches of Vice Admiral Sir Roger Keyes, and other narratives of the operations (Oxford University Press, 1919); Cecil Faber Aspinall Oglander, Roger Keyes (Hogarth Press, London, 1951); edited by Paul G Halpern, The Keyes papers, volume 1 (Naval Records Society, London, 1972)

Index terms
SUBJECTS strategy 1915-1918; politics 1934-1943; underwater warfare 1910-1912
PLACES Gallipoli 1915; Balkans 1915
NAMES Gen Hastings Lionel Ismay, 1st Baron Ismay of Wormington 1941

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