King's College London
Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives
Note: The item numbers represent a subset from ISAD(G)
rules (General International Standard Archival Description) promulgated
by the International Council on Archives to standardise archival
description world-wide. Only item numbers relevant to our specific
archive are included here.
- 3.1 IDENTITY STATEMENT
- 3.1.1 Reference code: GB99 KCLMA MFF 8
- 3.1.2 Title: Armed Forces Oral Histories: US Army Senior Officer Oral
- 3.1.3 Dates of creation of material: 1971-1987, 1989
- 3.1.4 Level of description: collection level
- 3.1.5 Extent: 366 fiche
- 3.2 CONTEXT
- 3.2.1 Name of creator: US Army senior officers and the US Army
Military History Institute (USAMHI).
- 3.2.2 Administrative history: Senior officer oral histories were the
central component of the ongoing oral history programme conducted by the US Army
Military History Institute (USAMHI). Directed by the Chief, Oral History Branch,
USAMHI, the objective of the programme was to interview senior US Army officers.
Created in 1970 at the behest of Gen William Childs Westmoreland, then Chief of
Staff, US Army, the programme was initiated to produce interviews that would serve
the needs of historians as well as professional soldiers interested in leadership
techniques. Interviewers were drawn from the US Army War College, Carlisle
Barracks, Pennsylvania, and were selected for their interests, education, and career
patterns and the interviews were recorded on audio tape and then transcribed.
Transcripts were then edited for continuity, readability, and accuracy.
- 3.2.5 Provenance/source of acquisition: University Publications of
America, Bethesda, MD, USA.
- 3.3 CONTENT AND STRUCTURE
- 3.3.1 Scope and content: Armed Forces Oral Histories: US Army
Senior Officer Oral Histories is a themed microfiche collection of 96 interviews of
senior US Army personnel, 1971-1986. The interviews cover the entire career of the
interviewee. As biographical interviews, they emphasise the significant events in which
the subject took part and the personalities with whom the subject came into contact.
Many of the interviewees had long careers that spanned World War Two, the Korean
War and the Vietnam War. However, many of the interviews relate to non-combat
roles, including the formulation of major doctrinal and policy programmes for the US
Army. Included in the collection are interviews with Gen Mark Wayne Clark, relating
to his service as Commander, US 2 Corps, and liaison duties with French forces in
North Africa, 1942, his position as High Commissioner of Austria, 1945-1947, and his
services as Commander-in-Chief, United Nations Command in Korea, 1952-1953; Gen
Lucius DuBignon Clay, relating to his service as Deputy Military Governor of
Germany, Commander-in-Chief, US Military Forces Europe, and Military Governor of
US Zone in Germany, 1947-1949; Gen William E Dupuy, relating to the establishment
of US Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) following the Vietnam War; Gen
Andrew Jackson Goodpaster, relating to his staff positions with Supreme
Headquarters, Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE) and the North Atlantic Treaty
Organization (NATO), his services with US Special Forces in Vietnam and Laos, and
his role as Supreme Allied Commander, Europe (SACEUR); Gen Lewis B Hershey,
relating to the US selective service system operation during World War Two and the
American debate over the draft; Gen Lyman L(ouis) Lemnitzer, relating to his position
on the US Joint Chiefs of Staff, 1945-1947, his services as Commander-in-Chief, Far
East, 1955-1957, and Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff, 1960-1962; Gen Matthew
Bunker Ridgway, relating to his command of US 82 Airborne Div in Sicily, Italy, and
Normandy, France, 1942-1944, his position as US Commander, Mediterranean
Theater and Deputy Supreme Allied Commander, Mediterranean, 1945-1946,
Commanding General US 8 Army, Korea, 1950-1951, and NATO Supreme Allied
Commander, Europe (SACEUR), 1952-1953; Gen Maxwell Davenport Taylor,
relating to his service as US Military Representative to the President, 1961-1962, his
views on counterinsurgency activities during the Vietnam War, US bombing tactics in
North Vietnam, his role as US Ambassador to South Vietnam, and his views on Gen
William Childs Westmoreland, Commander, US Military Assistance Command,
- 3.3.4 Arrangement: The collection is arranged alphabetically according
to interview subject.
- 3.4 CONDITIONS OF ACCESS AND USE
- 3.4.2 Access: Open, subject to signature of reader's undertaking form.
- 3.4.3 Copyright: Copies may be printed off the microfilm for research
purposes and are charged at the cost to the Centre. Enquiries concerning the
copyright of the original material should be addressed to University Publications of
America Inc., 4520 East-West Highway, Bethesda, MD, 20814, USA
- 3.4.4 Language: English
- 3.4.6 Finding aids: Summary guide entry on-line and published detailed
catalogue available in hard copy in the Centre's reading room, Margaret A Lynch (ed.),
Armed Forces Oral Histories: US Army Senior Officer Oral Histories
(University Publications of America, Bethesda, MD, 1989).
- 3.5 ALLIED MATERIALS
- 3.5.1 Location of originals: US Army Military History Institute, Oral
History Branch, Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania, USA
- 3.6 NOTE AREA
- 3.6.1 Date of compilation: Aug 1999