Download the LLM European Law brochure (pdf)
European law and EU law in particular are now more relevant than ever. At King's you will be studying for an LLM in European Law at one of the most exciting times in EU history. Our faculty is at the cutting-edge of current development while benefitting from a long-standing tradition of expertise in the field. All of which gives our students the most rounded view of European Law possible.
At King's you will not only be taught in a range of areas of EU law, you will also be part of an EU law community, built around the Centre of European Law, which was set up as far back as 1975. During your time here you will meet excellent teachers and fellow students but also European judges and Advocates General, EU officials, leading barristers, and many others with a keen interest in EU law.
The King's LLM in European Law is unrivalled. Our alumni have gone on to work for some of the most prestigious European institutions and legal firms. We are passionate about giving our students access to the best opportunities. We are passionate about Europe. And above all we are passionate about European law.
Alongside our eminent team of King's academics teaching on the pathway, such as Professors Andrea Biondi and Alexander Türk, a strong team of visiting professors and practitioners also contribute to the European Law community:
You may choose to study one of our six specialist LLMs or create a unique programme tailored to your areas of interest. At the start of the semester you will have the opportunity to attend taster lectures and to speak to module leaders before you make a decision on whether to undertake a specialist or tailored LLM.
For all options, you will need to study full or half-modules that add up to a total of 180 credits. A list of all modules is shown below. Each module is worth 40 credits (with half modules worth 20 credits). You will need to select modules of your choice that add up to 120 credits in total.
To achieve the additional 60 credits you need to choose between guided LLM research options, which include a longer dissertation or shorter research essay requirement.
The modules listed below are those related specifically to the LLM in European Law pathway. The general Master of Laws entry lists all available LLM modules.
In the first and second semester you study your selection of taught modules (half and full). These are in most cases assessed in the third semester (May/June) by written examination, or in some cases by the submission of an assessed essay. Please see further details for each individual module in the module list below.
Dissertation or research essays must be submitted in September, after the May/June examinations.
EU administrative law has always been an integral part of the law of the European Union, but has only recently attracted greater attention by academics. Its significance is not only demonstrated by the large number of acts which are adopted every year in this area at European level (some 3,000), but also by the content of those acts (risk regulation through the approval of the release of genetically modified organisms and approval of medicinal products, market regulation through antitrust decisions imposing considerable fines on undertakings, etc). EU administrative law also involves a wide variety of actors (European Commission, national administrations, EU agencies, networks, private bodies) and forms (traditional legal instruments, but also a wide range of ‘soft’ law).
The aim of this module is to introduce you to the principles of administrative law and policy of the European Union. The module discusses the foundations of EU administrative law, its constitutional framework, its modes of delivery (comitology, agencies, open method of co-ordination, social partner agreements), its procedures (centralised and decentralised), the general principles of law which it has to observe (legal certainty and legitimate expectations, equality, proportionality, the precautionary principle, transparency), and the supervision of EU administrative action (political supervision and judicial review).
EU public procurement law has emerged as a major area of practice for EU lawyers, bolstered by the increased use of PFI contracts, the introduction of new enforcement procedures in 2009 and a growing volume of cases before the European and Member State courts. This module offers a comprehensive grounding in the EU regime. It covers:
No previous knowledge of the subject is required.
The EU regulation of public undertakings and EU state aid law are increasingly important parts of EU competition law. The case law at national and European levels is growing in both number and importance, particularly of late. The reasons for this increasing focus on public intervention in the economy are numerous and varied but they primarily relate to the impact of such intervention on the completion of the internal market and the current liberalization and privatisation processes. The module focuses on the relevant provisions of the Treaty, most notably Articles 86, 87 and 88; analysing them (and the resulting case law/ decisions) through various legal, political and economic prisms. For more details please see the module outline at the bottom of this page. No previous knowledge of the subject is required.
The module is taught in seminars; you are encouraged to actively engage with the issues being addressed.
European Labour Law is divided into six parts.
Part One examines the historical development and evolution of European Labour Law, as well as its economic and social purposes.
Part Two examines the wider international human rights context within which European Labour Law operates, including in particular the legal instruments of the International Labour Organisation (ILO) and the Council of Europe.
Part Three examines the institutional competences and framework for the making of European Labour Law, and examines the role of the Court of Justice of the European Union in the development of the discipline. Consideration is also given to different ways of developing standards at EU level, by way of regulatory legislation and collective bargaining.Thereafter, European Labour Law examines selected areas of substantive law dealing with worker protection.
In Part Four these include areas dealing with the position of so-called atypical workers (agency, fixed term and part time workers); working conditions (including working time and the protection of posted workers); and job security (including transfer of undertakings, redundancy and insolvency).
In Part Five the focus turns to collective matters and the duty of the employer to inform and consult, including European Works Councils.
Part Six deals with recent judicial decisions relating to trade union rights and considers their implications for European Labour Law as a whole.
In addition to the foregoing, time will be devoted to assessing future prospects in light of the current crisis in the Eurozone. Parts One – Three are dealt with in Semester One, while parts Four – Six are dealt with in Semester Two. Two – four classes are devoted to each part.
The aim of the module is to teach the basic provisions of EU competition law; to study the law in its economic and market context; and to consider particular business phenomena - distribution agreements, licences of intellectual property rights, cartels, joint ventures etc. - against the backdrop of the EU Treaty generally and Articles 101 and 102 and the EU Merger Regulation in particular. No previous knowledge of the subject is required.
Throughout the academic year there will be a series of tutorials, given by David Bailey, which follow the course of seminars given by Richard Whish. The tutorials are intended to assist your understanding of the subject in general and its practical application to problem questions in particular. A separate tutorials handout will be provided.
The teachers of this module expect a high degree of participation by all students. It is not intended, in general, to provide lectures except where, for particular reasons, it may be helpful to do so. At each seminar, discussion will be encouraged and expected. You are required to have prepared answers to the questions asked at the end of each seminar handout.
The EU is based on the rule of law and the European integration process has been characterized as ‘integration through law’. At the heart of the EU legal system are the EU’s judicial institutions, in particular the Court of Justice. On the basis of a few EU Treaty provisions the Court has fashioned a comprehensive and dynamic system of judicial protection. This module studies that system by analysing its two essential components.
It first concentrates on the application and enforcement of EU law in the Member States. In that context the module analyses the concepts of direct effect and Member State liability; the preliminary rulings system; and enforcement actions by the Commission. The second component consists of judical review of EU acts, where you study both actions for annulment and the non-contractual liability of the EU. This module has a strong practical orientation, to make you familiar with the system of EU judicial protection, so as to enable you to use EU remedies in practice.
This module aims at enabling reflection on open government at the European Union level. It will explore in depth the principle of transparency and the way it has been rendered operational in EU primary, secondary legislation, and case law, as well as in EU institutional practices. At the theoretical level, the focus is on determining the rationale, the content and the boundaries of the principle of transparency. In particular, we will be assessing the highly contested link between the principles of transparency on the one hand and legitimacy and accountability on the other. The module will also look at the contents of the principle of transparency – is it just a passive right of every citizen to have access to information or is it a broader concept, entailing a pro-active institutional duty to ensure that all its actions, as well as the information about these actions, are carried out in an accessible and understandable way? Furthermore, we will be discussing the costs of transparency, and to what extent does this principle interact with other fundamental principles such as respect of private life of individuals or impartiality of justice.
These questions shall be contextualised through an analysis of the degree of openness of different European institutions. We will be covering issues ranging from the refusal to grant access to files held by the European Commission, to the disclosure of information on how various countries vote within the Council, and to the reasons for which a large part of the activity of the Court of Justice of the European Union is still exempted from the application of the principle of transparency. The debates will draw mainly on legal arguments, but also on interdisciplinary sources, in particular on theories coming from sociology, political science, and public administration.
The module concerns the impact of information technologies on the private lives of individuals. The digitisation of information has brought about a multitude of data harvesting and processing technologies that now operate on a global scale. Information processing has become essential not just to finance and commerce, but also to advances in public health, education, crime prevention and economic growth.
In this module, you will study the legal concepts and rules that are used to determine the limits of personal autonomy and consent in the new world of 'big data'. It will focus on rights to privacy and confidentiality as well as countervailing rights and interests in freedom of speech, public order and security and collective well being. We will also examine laws that enable individual access to personal information, such as freedom of information law, and other means of controlling personal information. The module will focus on European legal standards, including their implementation in member states and states outside the European Union, as well as comparison with alternative legal models and concepts, such as those prevailing in the United States and China.
Students wishing to take this option will be required to take the EU State Aid course in the first semester or to prove a good working knowledge of this area of EU law.
Applications must be made online using King's online application portal and an application fee of £30 applies (non-refundable). Applications may be submitted from 1 October 2014.
All applications must be made to the generic Master of Laws (LLM) programme. If accepted, and once you have enrolled onto the LLM programme, you will have the opportunity to choose one of our specialist LLMs. At the start of the semester you will have the opportunity to attend taster lectures and to speak to programme/module leaders before you make a decision on whether to do a specialist or tailored LLM.
Please see the LLM FAQ's pdf document for further information on the LLM application process.
Please see the LLM FAQ's pdf document for further information on how to complete your application.
LLM student: 2011-12
I chose King’s because of its international reputation, in particular in EU Law, and because of its location, in the heart of a city as vibrant as London. My experience has not disappointed me; the teaching staff is brilliant, all lecturers are leading experts in their respective area. The classes are extremely stimulating, and allow for discussion and exchange of ideas; many involve the intervention of equally brilliant guests from Chambers or the Commission for instance, who provide great practical insight into the topic.
At King’s, I have had the unique opportunity to study State Aid, which in the current context of the aftermath of the crisis was particularly interesting. I also took part in the European Law Moot Competition, which enabled me to get “hands on” experience of EU law, and work as a team. We made it to the Regional Final, and pleaded in Lucerne, Switzerland, where we also had the wonderful opportunity to meet teams and judges from all over Europe.
Finally, King’s has long-standing relationships with the biggest law firms, which organise plenty of events for students to meet future employers. The alumni network is also extremely useful, with many former students recruiting interns or stagiaires within the current year. I would really recommend King’s to anyone looking for both academic excellence and a life experience.
LLM student: 2011-12
For me, choosing King’s College London was always an interesting option, as I had the opportunity to participate in one of the innumerous exchange programmes King’s offers to its students. Nevertheless, the prestige promised by the collaborative partnership between King’s and my home law school proved true when I immersed myself into its academically stimulating and particularly student supportive environment.
King’s provides the great opportunity to decide between a general or a specialist LLM and both seemed highly attractive to me. At first, with regard to the range of interesting and unique modules I tended towards a tailored LLM, but then the high quality of academic staff in the European Law LLM, their expertise and experience which is incorporated in modules covering very specialized areas of EU law attracted me more. Now it seems to me that precisely King’s is an outstanding place to study EU law as it centres an international mix of graduates, teachers and professionals all keen on and animated by EU law which is combined with the excellent research, the effective professional networking and the distinguished programmes conducted by the Centre of European Law.
Moreover, I had the life time experience to be part of a team that represented King’s in the European Law Moot Competition. During this project, I experienced the emphasis on profound research at King’s and besides being involved in personal discussions with leading researchers within various areas of European law I received the valuable professional input of what the skills of a future lawyer will be.
No doubt that I have gained a lot of confidence as a young academic by studying at King’s due to the way I has been appreciated and challenged in relation to my legal knowledge and my intellectual abilities.
Professor Takis Tridimas is a leading scholar in the field of European Union law. He is one of the most frequently quoted authors by Advocates General of the European Court of Justice and, on matters of EU law, by English courts. He joined King’s College in September 2013. Before then, he was the Sir John Lubbock Professor of Banking Law at Queen Mary College, University of London. He also served as référendaire (law clerk) to Advocate General Sir Francis Jacobs at the European Court of Justice. He was senior legal adviser to the EU Presidency and Chairman of the Committee set up by the EU Council of Ministers to draft the Treaty of Accession of 2003. He is, or has been, visiting professor in many universities, including the College of Europe, Bruges, Sciences Po, Université Panthéon Assas (Paris II), and the University of Genova. He is a barrister at Matrix Chambers. Professor Tridimas’s interests cover the whole area of EU law and focus specifically on judicial protection, constitutional remedies, comparative constitutionalism, economic and monetary union and banking law