European Law




Part Time, Full Time

| Admissions status: Open
Renowned as a true leader in postgraduate study. Our students play a key role in our success through direct participation in debates and the exchange of ideas among the academic community. Our Centre for European Law is a fulcrum for applied learning, attracting notable experts, and our academics and visiting lecturers are all well respected in the field and you will see first-hand how European and EU law takes shape.

  • A comprehensive and specialised pathway, covering more or less all significant areas of EU law, with a long tradition of teaching excellence.
  • Strong academic base; a highly reputed mix of dedicated full-time King's academics and distinguished professionals who all contribute to the extensive module offering as part of this pathway.
  • Linked to the Centre of European Law at King's, whose past directors include Professor A G Chloros, a Judge of the Court of Justice of the European Communities and the former Advocate General of the European Court of Justice, Sir Francis Jacobs, who is now a professor at King's.
  • New exciting scholarship offerings for our LLM programme for entry 2014: The Yeoh Tiong Lay Scholarship Programme, The Bosco Tso and Emily Ng Scholarship Programme and the Nigerian Law Scholars Fund. For more information, please see our Law Scholarship information page.
  • For more information about the LLM European Law community at King's, have a look at our 2014-15 European Law LLM brochure (pdf).
Student destinations
In a competitive world we can give you the competitive edge to take your career to the next level. That’s why you’ll find our LLM programme is supplemented by opportunities to develop your skills and professional networks. The result is that students are presented with a wide range of employment destinations when they leave; from positions at the European Central Bank, European Commission and UN to commercial roles as investment bank analysts, tax or public affairs advisers, as well as careers in the legal profession; accountancy; management consultancy; human rights organisations and other voluntary bodies; academia.
Programme leader/s
Professor Andrea Biondi
Law Society CPD points
Awarding Institution
King's College London
Credit value (UK/ECTS equivalent)
UK 180/ECTS 90
One year FT, two years to four years PT, September to September.
Strand Campus.
Year of entry 2015
Offered by
The Dickson Poon School of Law
Closing date
The LLM programme for 2014/15 is now full and we will at this point only consider exceptionally strong applications from candidates with a 1st class or equivalent degree. International applications must be received before 31 July to allow sufficient time for visa processing.
360 overall for the LLM (FT and PT)
PT Home: £6,300 (2014)
PT Overseas: £9,200 (2014)
FT Home: £12,600 (2014)
FT Overseas: £18,400 (2014)
Contact information
Postgraduate Officer, Centre for Arts & Sciences Admissions (CASA)
tel: +44 (0) 20 7848 2097 / 2711
fax: +44 (0) 20 7848 7200


This programme allows you to deepen or to broaden your knowledge of law as an academic subject and assists your professional development by enhancing your problem-solving skills in a transnational context. Designed to maximise students' intellectual potential, it also keeps you grounded by drawing on the real world experiences of staff and other practitioners. The LLM offers a sharpened focus on our key areas of excellence and a commitment to offer a premier programme and a world class student experience. Aimed at recent law graduates (or graduates of joint degrees with a significant law content) as well as established legal professionals who may have graduated a number of years ago, the programme is rigorous and demanding and requires serious commitment.


Download the LLM European Law 2014-15 brochure (pdf)

European law and EU law in particular are now more relevant than ever. At King's you will be studying for an LLM in European Law at one of the most exciting times in EU history. Our faculty is at the cutting-edge of current development while benefitting from a long-standing tradition of expertise in the field. All of which gives our students the most rounded view of European Law possible.

At King's you will not only be taught in a range of areas of EU law, you will also be part of an EU law community, built around the Centre of European Law, which was set up as far back as 1975. During your time here you will meet excellent teachers and fellow students but also European judges and Advocates General, EU officials, leading barristers, and many others with a keen interest in EU law.

The King's LLM in European Law is unrivalled. Our alumni have gone on to work for some of the most prestigious European institutions and legal firms. We are passionate about giving our students access to the best opportunities. We are passionate about Europe. And above all we are passionate about European law.

Alongside our eminent team of King's academics teaching on the pathway, such as Professors Andrea Biondi and Alexander Türk, a strong team of visiting professors and practitioners also contribute to the European Law community:

Core programme content

You may choose to study one of our six specialist LLMs or create a unique programme tailored to your areas of interest. At the start of the semester you will have the opportunity to attend taster lectures and to speak to module leaders before you make a decision on whether to undertake a specialist or tailored LLM.

For all options, you will need to study full or half-modules that add up to a total of 180 credits. A list of all modules is shown below. Each module is worth 40 credits (with half modules worth 20 credits). You will need to select modules of your choice that add up to 120 credits in total.

To achieve the additional 60 credits you need to choose between guided LLM research options, which include a longer dissertation or shorter research essay requirement.

The modules listed below are those related specifically to the LLM in European Law pathway. The general Master of Laws entry lists all available LLM modules.


In the first and second semester you study your selection of taught modules (half and full). These are in most cases assessed in the third semester (May/June) by written examination, or in some cases by the submission of an assessed essay. Please see further details for each individual module in the module list below.

Dissertation or research essays must be submitted in September, after the May/June examinations.

More information on typical programme modules.
NB it cannot be guaranteed that all modules are offered in any particular academic year.

Teaching staff: Professor Alexander Türk
Module code: 7FFLA015
Credit level: 7
Credit value: 40
Semester:  Full-year 
Teaching pattern: Two-hour seminar.

Indicative/suggested reading: H. Hofmann, A. Türk, The Development of Integrated Administration in the EU and its Consequences, 2007 13(2) European Law Journal 253-271.

Assessment:  written examination/s 
Three-hour exam.

Module description

EU administrative law has always been an integral part of the law of the European Union, but has only recently attracted greater attention by academics. Its significance is not only demonstrated by the large number of acts which are adopted every year in this area at European level (some 3,000), but also by the content of those acts (risk regulation through the approval of the release of genetically modified organisms and approval of medicinal products, market regulation through antitrust decisions imposing considerable fines on undertakings, etc). EU administrative law also involves a wide variety of actors (European Commission, national administrations, EU agencies, networks, private bodies) and forms (traditional legal instruments, but also a wide range of ‘soft’ law).

The aim of this module is to introduce you to the principles of administrative law and policy of the European Union. The module discusses the foundations of EU administrative law, its constitutional framework, its modes of delivery (comitology, agencies, open method of co-ordination, social partner agreements), its procedures (centralised and decentralised), the general principles of law which it has to observe (legal certainty and legitimate expectations, equality, proportionality, the precautionary principle, transparency), and the supervision of EU administrative action (political supervision and judicial review).

Teaching staff: Professor Alan Dashwood
Module code: 7FFLA507
Credit level: 7
Credit value: 20
Semester:  Semester 2 (spring) 
Teaching pattern: 

Two-hour seminar.

Assessment:  written examination/s 
Two-hour exam.

Module description

The EU’s external policies are ever more sophisticated and wide-ranging, and the EU is a very active international actor. This module concentrates on studying the legal foundations of the EU’s external action. It looks at the scope and nature of the EU’s external competences, in particular treaty-making powers and the relationship between international and EU law. It also focuses on a couple of case-studies of major EU external policies, namely the EU’s common commercial policy and its common foreign and security policy. Those case-studies will exemplify the interaction between the many facets that shape the EU’s external relations. The module aims to give you a thorough grounding in what is a very dynamic subject.

Teaching staff: Sheila Tormey (Fasken Martineau LLP)
Module code: 7FFLA579
Credit level: 7
Credit value: 20
Semester:  Semester 1 (autumn) 
Teaching pattern: The module is taught in weekly two-hour seminars.

There will be reading each week from leading authors Sue Arrowsmith and Peter Trepte, as well as variety of journal articles, particularly those published in the Public Procurement Law Review. In addition, reading will include ECJ and UK case law and European Commission guidance.

Assessment:  written examination/s 
Two-hour exam.

Module description

EU public procurement law has emerged as a major area of practice for EU lawyers, bolstered by the increased use of PFI contracts, the introduction of new enforcement procedures in 2009 and a growing volume of cases before the European and Member State courts. This module offers a comprehensive grounding in the EU regime. It covers:

  • the policy objectives of the EU public procurement law regime and its foundations in the TFEU;
  • the substantive rules relating to entities and contracts covered, award procedures, selection of bidders and contract award criteria;
  • information disclosure requirements, in particular the European courts’ evolving case law and the relationship with the general principle of transparency and Freedom of Information laws;
  • the use of public procurement to further social, policy and environmental objectives; and
  • enforcement mechanisms and practice throughout the EU, including the new Remedies Directive and Article 258 TFEU infraction proceedings.

No previous knowledge of the subject is required.

Teaching staff: Professor Andrea Biondi, Robin Griffith (ex Clifford Chance) & Dr José Luis Buendía Sierra (Garrigues)
Module code: 7FFLA011
Credit level: 7
Credit value: 40
Semester:  Full-year 
Teaching pattern: Weekly two-hour seminar.

Indicative/suggested reading: E. Syczcack, State Aid Handbook, London, Elgar, 2011.

Assessment:  written examination/s 
Three-hour exam.

Module description

The EU regulation of public undertakings and EU state aid law are increasingly important parts of EU competition law. The case law at national and European levels is growing in both number and importance, particularly of late. The reasons for this increasing focus on public intervention in the economy are numerous and varied but they primarily relate to the impact of such intervention on the completion of the internal market and the current liberalization and privatisation processes. The module focuses on the relevant provisions of the Treaty, most notably Articles 86, 87 and 88; analysing them (and the resulting case law/ decisions) through various legal, political and economic prisms. For more details please see the module outline at the bottom of this page. No previous knowledge of the subject is required.

The module is taught in seminars; you are encouraged to actively engage with the issues being addressed.

Teaching staff: Professor Jonathan Schwarz and Kelly Stricklin-Coutinho
Module code: 7FFLA069
Credit level: 7
Credit value: 40
Semester:  Full-year 
Assessment:  written examination/s 
Three-hour exam.

Module description

This module examines the impact of EU law on taxation in the Member States. It examines the sources of EU law and its conceptual framework; considers harmonisation measures that have impact on taxation, including the direct tax directives designed to eliminate cross-border distortions and the application of the State Aid rules to taxation; and concludes by examining the impact of the Treaty freedoms of movement on the Member States' direct taxation rules as revealed through the Courts' case law.
Teaching staff: Professor Andrea Biondi
Module code: 7FFLA018
Credit level: 7
Credit value: 40
Semester:  Full-year 
Teaching pattern: Weekly two-hour seminar.

Indicative/suggested reading: Barnard, The Substantive Law of the EU, OUP, 2010.

Assessment:  written examination/s 
Three-hour exam.

Module description

The concept of a common market involves the elimination of all obstacles to intra-community trade in order to merge the national markets into a single market bringing about conditions as close as possible to those of a genuine internal market’ (Schul, 1982). The module, by focusing on the development and application of the principle of free movement, assesses whether those objectives have been fully achieved. The structure is firmly grounded on the four fundamental freedoms: goods, persons, services and capital. Each of the freedoms is thoroughly analysed with reference to the case law of the European Court of Justice and to relevant legislation. ‘Exemplary’ areas such as financial services, food law or the regulation of monopolies are also included. Particular attention is devoted to the debate on whether the same criteria and principles may be applied to the whole of the internal market and to the degree of convergence of the economic freedoms in EU law.
Teaching staff: Professor Keith Ewing
Module code: 7FFLA019
Credit level: 7
Credit value: 40
Semester:  Full-year 
Assessment:  written examination/s 
Three-hour exam.

Module description

European Labour Law is divided into six parts.

Part One examines the historical development and evolution of European Labour Law, as well as its economic and social purposes.

Part Two examines the wider international human rights context within which European Labour Law operates, including in particular the legal instruments of the International Labour Organisation (ILO) and the Council of Europe.

Part Three examines the institutional competences and framework for the making of European Labour Law, and examines the role of the Court of Justice of the European Union in the development of the discipline. Consideration is also given to different ways of developing standards at EU level, by way of regulatory legislation and collective bargaining.Thereafter, European Labour Law examines selected areas of substantive law dealing with worker protection.

In Part Four these include areas dealing with the position of so-called atypical workers (agency, fixed term and part time workers); working conditions (including working time and the protection of posted workers); and job security (including transfer of undertakings, redundancy and insolvency).

In Part Five the focus turns to collective matters and the duty of the employer to inform and consult, including European Works Councils.

Part Six deals with recent judicial decisions relating to trade union rights and considers their implications for European Labour Law as a whole.

In addition to the foregoing, time will be devoted to assessing future prospects in light of the current crisis in the Eurozone. Parts One – Three are dealt with in Semester One, while parts Four – Six are dealt with in Semester Two. Two – four classes are devoted to each part.

Teaching staff: David Bailey
Module code: 7FFLA016
Credit level: 7
Credit value: 40
Semester:  Full-year 
Teaching pattern: Weekly two-hour seminars; fortnightly two-hour small-group tutorials.

Indicative/suggested reading: Whish and Bailey Competition Law, 7th edition, OUP.

Assessment:  written examination/s 
Three-hour exam.

Module description

The aim of the module is to teach the basic provisions of EU competition law; to study the law in its economic and market context; and to consider particular business phenomena - distribution agreements, licences of intellectual property rights, cartels, joint ventures etc. - against the backdrop of the EU Treaty generally and Articles 101 and 102 and the EU Merger Regulation in particular. No previous knowledge of the subject is required.

Throughout the academic year there will be a series of tutorials, given by David Bailey, which follow the course of seminars given by Richard Whish. The tutorials are intended to assist your understanding of the subject in general and its practical application to problem questions in particular. A separate tutorials handout will be provided.

The teachers of this module expect a high degree of participation by all students. It is not intended, in general, to provide lectures except where, for particular reasons, it may be helpful to do so. At each seminar, discussion will be encouraged and expected. You are required to have prepared answers to the questions asked at the end of each seminar handout.

Teaching staff: Charles George QC, Robert McCracken QC, James Pereira (Barristers-at-law, Francis Taylor Building) & Professor Geert van Calster (University of Leuven and Solicitor, Brussels Bar)
Module code: 7FFLA598
Credit level: 7
Credit value: 40
Semester:  Full-year 
Teaching pattern: A series of two-hour seminars.

Indicative/suggested reading: Kramer “EU Environmental Law” (Sweet and Maxell) for an introduction. Students who attend the module will be given a comprehensive reading list for each module topic.

Assessment:  written examination/s 
Three-hour exam.

Module description

In this module you focus on the protection of the environment through EU law and the potential for conflicts between environmental protection, development and the free market. The course focuses on the detail of environmental law and its practical application. Included are: the development of European environmental protection, its incorporation in the Treaty, its fundamental principles; environmental impact assessment, access to environmental information and justice, risk-taking and new techniques, energy, the media of air, water and earth (including global warming), the regulation of waste and the protection and improvement of biodiversity.
Teaching staff: Professor Piet Eeckhout & Professor Andrea Biondi
Module code: 7FFLA511
Credit level: 7
Credit value: 20

The EU is based on the rule of law and the European integration process has been characterized as ‘integration through law’. At the heart of the EU legal system are the EU’s judicial institutions, in particular the Court of Justice. On the basis of a few EU Treaty provisions the Court has fashioned a comprehensive and dynamic system of judicial protection. This module studies that system by analysing its two essential components.

It first concentrates on the application and enforcement of EU law in the Member States. In that context the module analyses the concepts of direct effect and Member State liability; the preliminary rulings system; and enforcement actions by the Commission. The second component consists of judical review of EU acts, where you study both actions for annulment and the non-contractual liability of the EU. This module has a strong practical orientation, to make you familiar with the system of EU judicial protection, so as to enable you to use EU remedies in practice.

Teaching staff: Dr Cian Murphy
Module code: TBC
Credit level: 7
Credit value: 20

The European Union's growing role in criminal justice, public order and national security has recently been confirmed by the Lisbon Treaty and the Stockholm Programme. The EU is engaged in a wide range of policy initiatives in these related fields and is reshaping the Europe security landscape in the process.

This module examines the constitutional and institutional framework of EU justice & home affairs and the action taken by the EU in this field. It guides you through a critical examination of EU law and policy in the fields of criminal justice, counter-terrorism, immigration & asylum and policing & public order. In addition to examining the role of EU law in these fields the module also considers the relationships between the EU's internal and external activities, and between public agencies and the private sector, in security matters. Case studies will focus on the European Arrest Warrant, counter-terrorist finance, and the proposed European Public Prosecutor.

Teaching staff: 

Robert Hartley

Module code: 7FFLA537
Credit level: 7
Credit value: 20

Value Added Tax is an increasingly important tax in the UK and throughout the EU. Not only does it generate a large amount of revenue for governments, its character as a European tax makes for interesting case law and controversy within domestic systems.

This module considers the nature of VAT as a tax and considers the system of VAT as implemented in the UK. It considers the various elements of the tax and how the tax has developed in response to EU movement and pressure.

As well as gaining a comprehensive understanding of VAT in the UK, the aim of the module is to provide you with the tools to be able to comprehend other systems of VAT in Europe and also to understand why what seems like a simple tax has proved so complicated in the EU.

General entry advice
The basic requirement for admission to the LLM programme is a recognised first degree in law (or a degree with at least 70% law content) of at least upper second class honours standard or an equivalent overseas qualification.
Exceptionally, you may be considered where a comparable academic level has been achieved through other graduate studies and where work or experience has made you a suitable candidate for the LLM.
A pdf download of entry requirements by region is available from the further information tab.

Enhanced criminal conviction check
Occupational Health clearance required?

To apply for graduate study at King's you will need to complete our graduate online application form. Applying online makes applying easier and quicker for you, and means we can receive your application faster and more securely.
King's does not normally accept paper copies of the graduate application form as applications must be made online. However, if you are unable to access the online graduate application form, please contact the relevant admissions/School Office at King's for advice.


Applications must be made online using King's online application portal. Applications may be submitted from 1 October 2013.

All applications must be made to the generic Master of Laws (LLM) programme. If accepted, and once you have enrolled onto the LLM programme, you will have the opportunity to transfer onto one of our specialist LLM programmes. At the start of the semester you will have the opportunity to attend taster lectures and to speak to programme/module leaders before you make a decision on whether to do a specialist or tailored LLM.

Please see the LLM FAQ's pdf document for further information on the LLM application process.


Please see the LLM FAQ's pdf document for further information on how to complete your application.

We have three new and exciting scholarship opportunities available for the LLM programme for entry 2014-15, namely The Yeoh Tiong Lay LLM Scholarships 2014, The Bosco Tso and Emily NG Scholarship Programme 2014 and the Nigerian Law Scholars Fund 2014. For further information about these scholarships and other available funding for the LLM, please see the King's College London and The Dickson Poon School of Law websites.

Student profiles

European Law LLM

LLM student: 2011-12

I chose King’s because of its international reputation, in particular in EU Law, and because of its location, in the heart of a city as vibrant as London. My experience has not disappointed me; the teaching staff is brilliant, all lecturers are leading experts in their respective area. The classes are extremely stimulating, and allow for discussion and exchange of ideas; many involve the intervention of equally brilliant guests from Chambers or the Commission for instance, who provide great practical insight into the topic.

At King’s, I have had the unique opportunity to study State Aid, which in the current context of the aftermath of the crisis was particularly interesting. I also took part in the European Law Moot Competition, which enabled me to get “hands on” experience of EU law, and work as a team. We made it to the Regional Final, and pleaded in Lucerne, Switzerland, where we also had the wonderful opportunity to meet teams and judges from all over Europe.

Finally, King’s has long-standing relationships with the biggest law firms, which organise plenty of events for students to meet future employers. The alumni network is also extremely useful, with many former students recruiting interns or stagiaires within the current year. I would really recommend King’s to anyone looking for both academic excellence and a life experience.

European Law LLM

LLM student: 2011-12

For me, choosing King’s College London was always an interesting option, as I had the opportunity to participate in one of the innumerous exchange programmes King’s offers to its students. Nevertheless, the prestige promised by the collaborative partnership between King’s and my home law school proved true when I immersed myself into its academically stimulating and particularly student supportive environment.

King’s provides the great opportunity to decide between a general or a specialist LLM and both seemed highly attractive to me. At first, with regard to the range of interesting and unique modules I tended towards a tailored LLM, but then the high quality of academic staff in the European Law LLM, their expertise and experience which is incorporated in modules covering very specialized areas of EU law attracted me more. Now it seems to me that precisely King’s is an outstanding place to study EU law as it centres an international mix of graduates, teachers and professionals all keen on and animated by EU law which is combined with the excellent research, the effective professional networking and the distinguished programmes conducted by the Centre of European Law.

Moreover, I had the life time experience to be part of a team that represented King’s in the European Law Moot Competition. During this project, I experienced the emphasis on profound research at King’s and besides being involved in personal discussions with leading researchers within various areas of European law I received the valuable professional input of what the skills of a future lawyer will be.

No doubt that I have gained a lot of confidence as a young academic by studying at King’s due to the way I has been appreciated and challenged in relation to my legal knowledge and my intellectual abilities.