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Level 5

5AAH1007 Religion and Society in Southern Europe

Credit value: 15

Module convenor/tutor 2018/9: Dr Matteo Salonia
Teaching pattern: 10 x 2-hour seminar (weekly)
Availability : Please see module list for relevant year
2 x 2,500 word essays (100%)

Students are reassessed in the failed elements of assessment and by the same methods as the first attempt.

The modules offered in each academic year are subject to change in line with staff availability and student demand: there is no guarantee every module will run. Module descriptions and information may vary between years

The purpose of this course is to build up a solid working knowledge of Southern European societies, mainly in Italy and Iberia, for the Early Modern period. It was in these societies that the idea of empire was renewed by Charles V, new world systems were built, based on Venice, Seville, Lisbon and Genoa, new networks of communication were projected from Venice and Rome, and the Catholic Counter-Reformation was launched by the Council of Trent. This vibrant environment witnessed the creation of new forms of literature and art, between the Italian Renaissance and the Spanish Golden Age. Urban planning, military architecture and natural history radically departed from medieval forms in Southern Europe, due to internal developments, constant contact with the Eastern Mediterranean and the oceanic expansion pioneered by the Portuguese. New trends of emigration and slave trade were triggered by this process of expansion, with impact on societies, family structures and systems of values. Southern Europe also played a major role in the accumulation of information and knowledge concerning other continents, peoples and religions. The Catholic Enlightenment presented particularities with a major impact on Latin America. Liberal revolutions created a totally different social and political dynamic influenced by the French revolution.  

Provisional topics

  1. Religious homogeneity in Italy and Iberia
  2. Population and family structures
  3. Italy and Iberia as intellectual centres
  4. Economy and commercial expansion
  5. The renewal of the idea of empire
  6. Political thought
  7. The new framework of daily life
  8. The world as a theatre
  9. The Catholic Enlightenment
  10. Liberal revolutions

Suggested introductory reading

This is suggested reading and purchase of these books is not mandatory.

Mauricio Drelichman and Hans-Joachim Voth, Lending to the Borrower from Hell: Debt, Taxes and Default in the Age of Philip II (Princeton, 2014)

T. F. Earle and K. J. P. Lowe (eds.), Black Africans in Renaissance Europe (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005)

Richard P. Saller (eds.), The Family in Italy from Antiquity to the Present (New Haven, 1991)

Massimo Livi-Bacci, The Population of Europe (Oxford, 2000)

Mary Elizabeth Perry, Gender and Disorder in Early Modern Seville (Princeton, 1990)

David S. Reher, Perspectives on the Family in Spain, Past and Present (Oxford, 1997)

Robert Rowland, 'Household and Family in the Iberia Peninsula', Portuguese Journal of Social Sciences 1, 1 (2002), 1-21

Francisco Bethencourt, The Inquisition. A Global History, 1478-1834 (Cambridge, 2009)

R. Po-Chia Hsia, The World of Catholic Renewal, 1540-1770 (Cambridge, 2005)

François Soyer, The Persecution of Jews and Muslims of Portugal. King Manuel I and the End of Religious Tolerance (1496-7) (Leiden, 2007)

Kenneth R. Stow, The Jews in Rome (Leiden, 1995)

Francisco Bethencourt and Florike Egmond (eds.), Correspondence and cultural exchange in Europe, 1400-1700 (Cambridge, 2007)

John Jeffries Martin (ed.), The Renaissance World (London, 2007)

Peter Burke, Italian Renaissance: Culture and Society in Italy (Cambridge: Polity Press, 1999)

Pamela M. Jones and Thomas Wordester (eds.), From Rome to Eternity: Catholicism and the arts in Italy, ca. 1550-1650 (Leiden, 2002)

John Jeffries Martin (ed.), The Renaissance World (London, 2007)

Anthony Pagden, Lords of All the Worlds. The Ideologies of empire in Spain, Britain and France (New Haven, 1995)

Paolo Prodi, The Papal Prince, One Body and Two Souls: the Papal Monarchy in Early Modern Europe (Cambridge, 1987)

Wim Blockmans, Emperor Charles V, 1500-1558 (London, 2002)

Cardim, Pedro et alii - Polycentric Monarchies: How did early modern Spain and Portugal achieve and maintained a global hegemony? (Brighton, 2012)

John H. Elliott, The Count-Duke of Olivares:  the statesman in an age of decline (New Haven, 1986)

J. H. Elliott, “The Spanish Monarchy and the Kingdom of Portugal, 1580-1640”, in Mark Greengrass (ed.), Conquest and Coalescence. The Shaping of the State in Early Modern Europe (London, 1991), pp. 48-67

J. G. A. Pocock, The Machiavellian Moment. The Florentine Political thought and the Atlantic Republican Tradition (Princeton, 1975)

Quentin Skinner, Machiavelli: a Very Short Introduction (Oxford, 2000)

Filippo de Vivo, Information and Communication in Venice: Rethinking Early Modern Politics (Oxford, 2007)

Jonathan Brown and John H. Elliott, A Palace for a King: el Buen Retiro and the Court of Philip IV (New Haven, 2003)

Donatella Calabi, The Market and the City. Square, Street and architecture in Early Modern Europe (Aldershot, 2004)

Alexander Cowan (ed.), Mediterranean Urban Culture (Exeter, 2000), chs. 1-2, 5-6

Paul Grendler, The Universities of the Italian Renaissance (Baltimore, 2002)

Richard Kagan, Students and Society in Early Modern Spain (Baltimore, 1974)

Susan Verdi Webster, Art and Ritual in Golden Age Spain: Sevillian Confraternities and the Processional Sculpture of Holy Week (Princeton, 1998)

David Davies (ed.), El Greco (London, 2003)

John Elliott, Spain, Europe and the Wider World, 1500-1800 (New Haven, 2009) Andrew Hopkins, Italian Architecture from Michelangelo to Borromini (London, 2002)

Suzanne L. Stratton-Pruitt (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Velázquez (Cambridge Press, 2002)

Janis Tomlinson, From El Greco to Goya: painting in Spain, 1561-1828 (New York, 1997)

Rudolf Wittkower, Bernini, the Sculptor of Roman Baroque (London, 1997)

Thomas M. Cohen, The Fire of Tongues: António Vieira and the Missionary Church in Portugal and Brazil (Stanford, 1998)

David T. Gies (ed.), The Cambridge History of Spanish Literature (Cambridge, 2004) Stephen Parkinson, Claudia Pazos Alonso and T. F. Earle (eds.), A Companion of Portuguese Literature (Woodbridge, 2009)  

Baldoli, Claudia - A History of Italy (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2009), ch 6

Bleichmar, Daniela et alii - Science in the Spanish and Portuguese Empires, 1500-1800 (Stanford, 2009)

Maxwell, Kenneth - Pombal: Paradox of the Enlightenment (Cambridge, 1995)

Paquette, Gabriel - Enlightenment, Governance and Reform in Spain and its Empire, 1759-1808 (Basingstoke, 2008)

Safier, Neil - Measuring the New World: Enlightenment Science and South America (Chicago, 2008)

Venturi, Franco - Italy and the Enlightenment: Studies in a Cosmopolitan Century, translated by Susan Corsi (Harlow, 1972)

Stuart Woolf, A History of Italy: the Social Constraints of Political Change, 1700-1860 (London, 1991)

Raymond Carr, Spain, 1808-1975 (Oxford, 1982)

John Anthony Davis, Naples and Napoleon: Southern Italy and the European Revolutions (1780-1860) (Oxford, 2006)

Maurizio Isabella, Risorgimento in Exile. Italian émigrés and the Liberal International in the Post-Napoleonic Era (Oxford, 2009)

Malyn Newitt, Portugal in European and World History (London, 2009)

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