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Open Access

Glossary

Article Processing Charge (APC):  A fee paid to a publisher by an author, author’s institution or funder, to make a paper open access within the published journal (Gold OA).

Author Accepted Manuscript (AAM):  The final, accepted version of a publication, before the publisher’s copy-editing, proof corrections, layout and typesetting. Also referred to as post peer-review, author's final draft. 

CC- BY: Creative Commons Attribution Licence. This licence permits anyone to distribute, remix, or build upon a work, even commercially, provided that they credit the rightsholders for the original creation. One of several Creative Commons licenses, see below. When funders mandate a Creative Commons licence at all, this is generally the version that they require.

CC-BY-NC: As above but no commercial usage permitted.
COAF: A body constituted of six charitable bodies - Arthritis UK, Bloodwise, British Heart Foundation, Cancer Research UK, Parkinsons UK, Wellcome Trust - which have certain expectations of their fundees with regards to open access. They provide King's with funds to pay open access fees for papers that acknowledge their funding, though only in journals that allow articles to be made open access in a way they consider compliant.

Creative Commons: Global organisation that offers legal tools, including Creative Commons licences, that rightsholders can use to offer certain usage rights to the public, while reserving other rights.

DOI: A digital object identifier (DOI) is a unique identifier to identify content and provide a persistent link to its location on the internet. The publisher assigns a DOI when your article is published and made available electronically.

Embargo: A period after publication imposed by publishers, during which authors or institutions are forbidden from making the full text of an article available online. After this period has elapsed, a publisher will usually sanction deposit on an institutional or subject repository, albeit with some restrictions (typically the version which can be so shared: see 'Author Accepted Manuscript', 'Pre-print', 'Version of Work' and 'Version of Record').

Gold open access: Publishers make research papers available to all immediately upon publication in peer-reviewed journals, and may apply an Article Processing Charge (APC) for this.

Green open access: The author makes a version of a peer-reviewed, published work freely available via an institutional or discipline-specific repository.  Publishers stipulate the version of manuscript that can be self-archived and the length of embargo period following publication before the paper is made open access.

HEFCE: The Higher Education Funding Council for England (HEFCE) was responsible for the distribution of funding to universities and Colleges of Higher and Further Education in England. It has now been incorporated into Research England and UK Research and Innovation (UKRI).

Hybrid journal: A journal in which some articles are freely available (after the author may have paid an additional fee to make open access possible), while other articles within the journal are only accessible by subscription to the journal or payment to read individual articles.

Pre-print: A first draft of an article, before peer-review.

Pure: A research information system, used at King’s and other HEI's, which incorporates an institutional repository of metadata and full-text papers about research activity.

RCUK: Was the predecessor to UKRI constituted of seven research councils - AHRC, BBSRC, EPSRC, ESRC, MRC, NERC, STFC. These seven councils have certain expectations of their fundees with regards to open access. They provide King's with funds to pay open access fees for papers that acknowledge their funding, though only in journals that allow articles to be made open access in a way they consider compliant. Be aware that BBSRC and MRC have additional requirements over and above those of the other five.

REF: The Research Excellence Framework (REF) is the system for assessing the quality of research in UK higher education institutions

Repository: A system for storing research outputs digitally. Repositories do not perform peer-review but can host work peer-reviewed elsewhere. A repository can make the materials freely and easily accessible.

Research England: a new regional body with responsibilities relating to HEFCE and REF.

Research Portal:  The front-end of Pure, available via the web, showcasing King’s research to the world.

Self-archiving: Self-archiving is the act of the author's depositing a free copy of their peer-reviewed research article or conference proceeding online, in an institutional or subject repository, in order to provide open access to it.

UK Research and Innovation (UKRI): UK Research and Innovation is the successor body to RCUK, constituted of seven research councils - AHRC, BBSRC, EPSRC, ESRC, MRC, NERC, STFC. These seven councils have certain expectations of their fundees with regards to open access. They provide King's with funds to pay open access fees for papers that acknowledge their funding, though only in journals that allow articles to be made open access in a way they consider compliant. Be aware that BBSRC and MRC have additional requirements over and above those of the other five.

Version of work: The version of your work that you can make available via open access may be pre-print (pre peer-review, draft), author accepted manuscript (after peer review but before publisher type setting or publisher's version), or in certain cases, the publisher's final version.

Version of record: The version published in the journal to which it was submitted. There may be earlier online versions, but these will be superseded by the revised version with either an article number of page numbers. It is normally identified by a DOI and full bibliographic reference. If an author's final draft version is made available in the Research Portal it will always provide a link to the version of record, normally via the DOI, and the bibliographic reference will be added to a coversheet attached to the author's version, so that the paper can be properly referenced, and be citable in citation databases.

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