Aurora is a PhD candidate at the School of Security Studies. She is a lecturer at Sciences PO Paris and a Teaching Fellow at UCL School of Public Policy. In the past she worked as Research Fellow at RUSI, working on the national security and resilience portfolio. Her work favours critical and interdisciplinary approaches with strong sociological and philosophical components. She is currently developing a new research project on the forms of resistance and protest that emerge as a reaction to securitisation.
A Critical Approach to Energy Security: Energy, Securitisation, Defence and Enforcement. The Case of Azerbaijan
My PhD reflects critically on the convergence between energy security and securitization, defence and enforcement. The idea of energy security as a conventional security concern has raised some crititicism, especially from the constructivist scholarship, but this has rarely questioned or problematized the practices connected to it. My research explores the proactive, constant and diffuse involvement of security and military professionals in the energy sector in the name of “energy-security”, and the consequent downgrade of those theoretical and policy efforts that seek to re-orient “energy-security” towards the protection of energy workers, human rights, and the environment. The thesis frames the convergence of energy security with securitisation, defence and enforcement as a specific way of governing, called the energy-SDE dispositif. The dispositif is constituted by a set of logics, mindsets, discourses, practices, actors and technologies that deal with energy security as a mainstream security issue. The main research question asks how the relation between energy and securitisation, defence and enforcement is constructed. This includes understanding how the convergence of energy security with securitisation, defence and enforcement works: what logics guide it? What practices does the convergence establish? What dominant and marginal actors perform the energy-SDE dispositif? The research also asks two consequent questions: what implications does the dispositif have? What rationales can explain it? Understanding the implications means exploring how energy-SDE interacts with other fields of politics, while examining the rationales allows investigating how the dispositif intersects with power and its contextual configurations. I use Azerbaijan as case study and rely on a sociologically informed methodology, based on critical discourse analysis, mapping and semi-structured interviews to raise attention on the diverse logics and practices that enact the dispositif and spread knowledge of how to secure energy.
Security, critical security studies, securitization, environment, migration, resistance
Dr Tracey German