Daniel holds a BA in International Relations (with minor in Latin American Studies, 2008) and a MSc (2012) from the International Relations Institute at the Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro (IRI/PUC-Rio). He worked as advisor and project coordinator at Konrad Adenauer Foundation's office in Brazil. In 2012 Daniel was named Konrad Adenauer Fellow at Getulio Vargas Foundation’s School of Social Sciences (CPDOC/FGV), where he carried out research in the fields of Critical Security Studies, Brazil-EU relations, and Migration. Daniel joined KCL’s Department of War Studies in 2014, after being awarded a CAPES full-scholarship to support his PhD research.
Reassembling Security Technologies: Policing Practices and Innovations in Rio de Janeiro
This thesis’s objectives are twofold. On the one hand it contributes to the literature on critical security studies by advancing an empirically-grounded narrative on security innovations which questions the idea of neoliberal policy-diffusion and accounts for the role of materiality. On the other hand, it explores the potentialities of different ontological perspectives and methods in the field of International Relations theory. By deploying concepts like translations, mediation and controversies while focusing on the immanent properties and connections that hold socio-technical assemblages together, I offer different accounts for some of the basic dichotomies within mainstream IR theory, such global/local, public/private, etc. The thesis addresses these objectives through the analysis of police innovations in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in preparation for the FIFA World Cup (2014) and the Olympic Games (2016). In a short period, authorities and private entrepreneurs invested in variegated digital technologies which promised to enhance police efficiency and accountability, while also raising awareness among locals and tourists on the spatialisation of crime and insecurity. I carried out fieldwork with security professionals engaged in everyday operations in Rio’s Integrated Centre for Command and Control (ICCC), and spend several months with a local think tank, Igarapé Institute, which developed a crime prediction app (CrimeRadar) to inform citizens on risk levels across the city. The thesis offers empirical insights into the transformation of security practices in Rio de Janeiro, and theoretical contributions to the literature on critical security studies and international political sociology, increasing the repertoire of critical methods and the analytical vocabulary for productive intervention. By understanding the power struggles that build technologies up and hold them together, it is also possible to delineate strategies to disrupt or hack them in our benefit. We can then move from critique to composition, from debunking to (re)assembling.
Critical Security Studies; International Political Sociology; Policing strategies in Rio de Janeiro; Mega-Events, security practices and urban innovations; Data gathering and high-tech security devices
Prof. Claudia Aradau (KCL)
Prof. Jef Huysmans (QMUL)