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Jose uses transaction costs to understand how organisations deal with risk and, particularly, uncertainty. Thus far he has studied organisations in the fields of energy (entrepreneurship) and carbon markets (certification), and the plan is to continue learning.

Click here to view Jose's website.


  • (2018) Risk, opportunity, and solidarity: A framework for risk-aware, democratically inclusive, and progressive, global governance. Stockholm, Sweden: Global Challenges Foundation.
  • (2018) The Political Economy of oil: The limits of our ability to prevent failure.In: S. Raszewski (ed.), The International Political Economy of Oil and Gas, pp. 57–70. London: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • (2016) The future of oil: Between cooperation & competition. Strategy Paper #13. London: European Centre for Energy and Resource Security (EUCERS).
  • (2014) [with S. Casallas and I. Lopez] Metro Manila: A mega challenge. In: M. Pelling and S. Blackburn (eds.), Megacities and the Coast: Social and Environmental Transformations, Chapter 7: Case Studies, pp. 210–216. London: Earthscan.
  • (2010) EU’s ‘mango salad’ policy towards Belarus: A 'commentaire' from an economic perspective. The Proceedings of the Institute for European Studies, 8(1), 100–115.


Dr Christel Koop and Dr Scott James