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Michael studied for a BA in European Studies at the University of Hull, after which he followed a career in business and IT, where he worked mainly as a consultant to a variety of public and private sector organisations. He has an MSc with distinction in Business Administration & Information Technology, as well as an MBA. He obtained his PhD – Viennese Culture And Politics, 1861 To 1938: Everyday Expressions Of ‘German’ Identity – from King’s College, London, in 2012, under the supervision of Dr Michael Rowe. Michael is a regular contributor of book reviews to the European Review of History. Apart from English mother tongue, Michael speaks French, German and Spanish.


Research Interests

Michael’s research interests sit within the broad history of Europe in the nineteenth and the first half of the twentieth century.  He has specialised in studying the development of extreme nationalist and antisemitic expressions of German identity in Vienna, from the beginnings of constitutional government in the 1860s through to Austria’s absorption into the German Reich in the Anschluss of 1938.  He is particularly interested in the interaction of culture and politics beyond formal political activity – from so-called ‘high’ culture to everyday activities – and how these interactions affect and influence opinion and behaviour.  This includes opinion on identity formation, extremist practices of arbitrary divisions of people into “us” and “them” and questions, of otherness, assimilation and tolerance of diversity, which continue to have a relevance across a wide range of current political and social issues. His book entitled Vienna's 'respectable' antisemites: a study of the Christian Social movement' will appear with Manchester University Press early in 2021.


Expertise and public engagement

Michael has presented papers at a number of conferences and seminars, including Queen Mary, University of London, the University of Swansea, Oriel College, Oxford, the Institute of Historical Research and, most recently, the Austrian Cultural Forum He believes strongly that academic research should be communicated both within and outside the academic community. To this end, he has presented at the King’s College public lecture series, So What?, to members of the public who are interested in understanding the goals of academic research. He has also contributed to a King's College video on the impact of the First World War, designed to reach beyond the academic community to the wider public.