Dr Daanish Mustafa
Tel: +44 (0)20 7848 1667
Department of Geography
King's College London
K7.41 King's Building
Daanish Mustafa obtained his BA in Geography from Middlebury College, VT, USA in 1991, MA was from University of Hawaii Manoa and PhD in Geography from University of Colorado, Boulder. His research interests have been at the intersection of water resources, hazards and development geography. He also maintains an interest in researching geographies of violence in terror, particularly in Pakistan from a social theoretical perspective. Daanish's research has been funded by the US National Science Foundation, National Environmental Research Council (NERC), International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Canada, and the Belmont Forum amongst others. He has published research based in South Asia, Central America, Southern United States, Central Asia, and South-West Asia. Daanish was the co-author of the first climate change response strategies for Pakistan in addition to being the lead author for the UNDP (Pakistan) five year flood response strategy. In addition, he has also undertaken policy related work with the Department for International Development (DFID), International Organization for Migration (IOM), Stimson Centre, and United States Institute for Peace (USIP).
While maintaining an active research, grant writing and publication profile, Daanish has also been engaged in teaching. He was the recipient of 2011 School of Social Sciences and Public Policy (SSPP) Excellence In Teaching Award. The teaching portfolio at the undergraduate and post-graduate level includes: Development and Environmentalism in the Global South, Disasters and Development, Critical Geographies of Terrorism and Environmental Thought.
- Critical water resources geographies
- Environmental hazards and climate risk
- Critical Geographies of violence and terror
- Problematising and environment and development
My research interests lie at the intersection of development, water resources and hazards geography. I have particularly been interested in the role of social power relations at multiple geographical scales in influencing geographies of access to water—be it for agricultural or domestic water use--and vulnerability to hazards. I have mostly used critical realist and more recently post-structuralist theoretical insights to engage with issues of access and vulnerability in economically poorer parts of the world, particularly South Asia and Central America. While water and conflict at the local scale has been a consistent theme in my research more recently I have been writing on, and researching the notion of hydropolitics at the sub-national (basin level) and international scales.
Influenced by recent global events, I have used conceptual insights from hazards research in geography to research the issue of terrorism. In my publication on the subject I have proposed a geographical definition of terrorism, which could bring much needed scholarly clarity to the hitherto polemical debate around the subject. In addition, I have been invited to submit a paper on the role of terrorism in proscribing spaces for performative politics in the Annals of the Association of American Geographers. In the same vein, I have been critically engaging with the concept of social capital to explicate the balance of violent versus progressive social movements and organizations in South Asia.
I have recently completed work on a NERC/DFID/ESRC funded situation analysis of ecosystem services and poverty alleviation at the intersection of rural and urban (desakota) livelihood systems. Furthermore, in collaboration with the Institute for Environmental and Social Transition (ISET) I am part of a team investigating practical pathways for disaster risk reduction (DRR) in South Asia. Among others my contribution in the project has been the development of a quantitative social vulnerabilities and capacities index.
Co-PI, 'Integrated Analysis of Fresh Water Resources Sustainability in Jordan' (2013) with Stanford University (lead), Manchester University, Leipzig University, University Laval, and University of Jordan. € 1.32 million.
PI from King's College, London, 'Gender and violence in urban Pakistan' (2013) with Institute of Business Administration, Karachi. IDRC-DFID, Canadian $ 500,000.
2007-2008 Ecosystem Services and Poverty Alleviation in Rapidly Changing Economic Transition Zones. With Institute for Social and Environmental Transition (ISET-Nepal), ISET-International, ISET-Pakistan, Winrock-India, and Center for Global Change, Bangladesh. Funded by National Environment Research Council (NERC), Department for International Development (DFID) and Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC), UK £ 294,793.
2006-2008 From Risk to Resilience: Assessing the benefits of pro-active disaster risk management to meet the needs of vulnerable communities in South Asia. With International Institute for Social and Environmental Transition (ISET), International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), King’s College London (D. Mustafa), Pakistan Institute for Environment-Development Action Research (PIEDAR), Winrock International India (WII), ISET-Nepal, Gorakhpur Environmental Action Group (GEAG), Khan, F., Ahmed S. Department for International Development (DFID) UK. £ 887,293
2005-2007 The Social and Environmental Dimensions of Xeriscaping: A Pathway for Ameliorating Coastal Environments. With Smucker, T., Johns, R. and Krest, J. United States Environmental Protection Agency STAR Grant, CoPI, US $ 70,000.
2004-2005 Technology vs. Community: Comparing Karez Irrigation with Tubewell Pumping for Equity, Efficiency, Resilience and Community Cohesion in Balochistan, Pakistan. National Geographic Society's Committee for Research and Exploration Grant, US $ 16,800. PI.
2005-2006 Access and vulnerability in a globalizing world: Urban water supply and flood hazard in Belize. Reeder, P., Mustafa, D. and Zandbergen, University of South Florida, Globalization Research Center/United Stated Department of State Grant, US $ 20,000. CoPI.
2002-2003 Addressing long-term vulnerability to flood hazard in urban Pakistan: An ex-post analysis, University of South Florida, Research and Creative Scholarship Grant, 2002, US $ 7,500.
- Property rights, equity and community in irrigation management
- Disaster Risk Reduction: from theory to practice
- The spatiality and Geography of Violence and Terror
- Subnational scale hydropolitics
- Post-structuralist reinterpretation of environmental hazards
- Hazardscapes of modernity, development and underdevelopment
- Critical reappraisal of participatory development.
- Social power in water resources management and development
- Space, emancipation and performative politics
Current PhD Students
Testing the relevance of exports of food commodities from arid countries using non renewable water sources to the benefit of the global consumer’s market. (2010 - )
Nuttavikhom Phanthuwongpakdee (Kay)
Recovering with Resilience: Alternative Responses to Thailand Flood (Working title) (2012 - )
Development and 'local ownership' of water and sanitation programmes (2011 - )
Stoking the flames: Violent Geographies in Action 2012 - , p/t)
Dr Hyungguen Park
Climate Change Adaptation as a Complexity of Social Innovations in Korea: Regime Change, Adaptation Discourse and Migration (Awarded 2014)
Dr Martin Keulertz
A thirst for African land: the role of water in Middle Eastern land acquisitions in Africa (Awarded 2013)
Dr Nathanial Matthews
Using the impact assessment process to analyse the drivers and enablers of hydropower decision making in the Mekong Basin (Awarded 2013)
Dr Woranuch Emmanoch
Climate Policy for Thailand towards Post-Kyoto 2012: Emission Scenarios and Public Perception of Thai People (Awarded 2011)
Dr Jennifer McCarthy
Exploring the complex interplay of conflict and participatory development in Afghanistan (Awarded 2011)
Dr Fuad Ali
Erosion hazard in Bangladesh through its most exacting river, the braided Jamuna. (Awarded 2009)
Impact, innovation and outreach
6SSG3056: Political Economy of Hazardscapes The module is geared towards capturing critical approaches to understanding environmental and social hazards. Some of the topics covered in the module include: Gender and Hazards, Hazards in the global South, Measuring Vulnerability, and political economic causes of differential vulnerability to hazards.
7SSG5153: Critical Geographies of Terrorism The module reviews theoretically informed critical approaches to studying and researching violence and terrorism. The key focus is on the spatiality of violence and how a spatial approach is integral to understanding terrorist violence.
7SSG5106: Development and Environmentalism in the Global South The module is required for MA in Environment and Development and MA in Tourism Environment and Development. The module primarily surveys the key theoretical approaches to understanding human environment interactions in developmental contexts.
Ecosystem Services and Poverty Alleviation in Rapidly Changing Economic Transition Zones’ (2007) with Institute for Social and Environmental Transition (ISET-Nepal), ISET-International, ISET-Pakistan, Winrock-India, and Center for Global Change, Bangladesh. Funded by National Environment Research Council (NERC), Department for International Development (DFID) and Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC), 2008.
'From Risk to Resilience'
This project will inform DFID’s long term strategy for operationalizing disaster risk reduction in its programming.
'From Risk to Resilience': Assessing the benefits of pro-active disaster risk management to meet the needs of vulnerable communities in South Asia, (2006) with ISET-International, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), King’s College London (D. Mustafa), Pakistan Institute for Environment-Development Action Research (PIEDAR), Winrock International India (WII), ISET-Nepal, India and Pakistan, and Gorakhpur Environmental Action Group (GEAG). Funded by DFID. 2008.
Towards that end Daanish has developed a quantitative social vulnerability index and presented it to a group of major NGOs and donors at the DFID office in London. Strong interest was expressed by DFID and other NGOs present, including International Committee of the Red Cross, Tearfund and Oxfam in learning more about the index and using it in their work.
The work on the vulnerability index as well as Daanish's other work based on his 2005 publication in the Annals has now been published by the ProVention consortium which is an information clearing house on disaster related research for all major multi-lateral and bi-lateral donors in the world.
Other knowledge transfer
Daanish is working with the UN International Migration Office (IMO) Azerbaijan office to develop a curriculum on local Kahrez and groundwater irrigation for the Nakhchivan State University.
In addition to the above Daanish has been a frequent contributor to popular magazines and newspapers in Pakistan besides making appearences on electronic media. Lecturing at such institutions as the Pakistan Supreme Court Bar Association, Human Rights Commission of Pakistan, local schools in United Kingdom and the United States, and professional fora are Daanish's other conduits for knowledge transfer.
The year 2013 started with the publication of my book titled, Water Resources Management in a Vulnerable World: The Hydro-Hazardscapes of Climate Change by I.B. Tauris. Simultaneously I was also invited to deliver the keynote address to the International Conference on Water Resources Development in the Indus Basin at the 150 year old Government College, University in Lahore Pakistan. A month into the year I was commissioned to draw up the 5 year strategic flood management plan for Pakistan for the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Pakistan office. UNDP is the largest donor and the most influential actor in the disaster management field in Pakistan. Simultaneously I was also commissioned by LEAD-Pakistan, which houses the Asia Programme of the Climate and Development Knowledge Network’s (CDKN) Asia office to establish a water programme for them. The water programme document has been approved the programming activity in the water sector by LEAD is ongoing with my input.
The spring of 2013 brought distinctly happy tidings of being awarded half a million dollar grant fromInternational Development Research Center’s (IDRC) Safe and Inclusive Cities Programme (SAIC) to undertake research on gender and violence in urban Pakistan. The summer brought further good news of being awarded the Belmont Forum’s grant to undertake a combined hydro-economic and multi-agent modelling exercise for the entire Jordanian water sector. King’s was part of the consortium led by Stanford University and including Leipzig University (Germany), Universite Lavall (Canada) and Manchester University. The field work for both the IDRC and the Belmont Forum project was ongoing through 2013 and will continue intermittently through the next 3 years.