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Research Staff

Dr Frans Sengers




Postdoctoral researcher


Tel: +31642257455 

Office: Bush House North East Level 6





Frans Sengers is a scholar committed to the study of 'transitions' to a sustainable society. This means he investigates major technological and societal change processes that enable shifts towards green and inclusive systems of consumption and production.

His research has focused on promising innovations that are geared to transform energy- and transport systems in cities across Europe and Asia. He explores how these innovations are introduced into society in pilot projects and living labs, how the impact of these initial experiments can be scaled up, and how this changes incumbent systems and institutions.

He began his academic career at the Eindhoven University of Technology in the Netherlands (2003-2009). There he completed a BSc in Innovation Sciences (department of Industrial Engineering & Innovation Sciences, 20) and an MSc in Sustainable Energy Technology (department of Mechanical Engineering). After working as a researcher on Smart Grids and possible futures for the Dutch electricity distribution system (2010-2011) he started as a doctoral candidate and wrote his PhD thesis on the prospects for sustainable urban transport in Thailand (2011-2015). After his PhD, Frans worked as postdoctoral researcher at Utrecht University (2015-2018). There he continued his work about transformative change in urban contexts, with an emphasis on eco-city and smart city developments within Europe and China. His current research at King’s College London is about climate governance innovation, specifically on the embedding mechanisms of climate policy experiments.

Research interests

  • sustainability
  • transitions
  • socio-technical systems
  • urban transport
  • smart cities and eco-cities
  • policy experiments 


Sengers, F., den Hartog, H., Xu, Y., Xie, L., Jiang, P., de Jong, M., (2018) Low-carbon promises and realities: Lessons from three socio-technical experiments in Shanghai. Journal of Cleaner Production, 181, 692-702

Sengers, F., Späth, P., Raven, R. (2018) Smart city construction: Towards an analytical framework for smart urban living labs. In: Marvin, S., Bulkeley, H., Mai, L., McCormick, K., Voytenko, Y., (Eds.) Urban Living Labs: Experimenting with City Futures. Routledge: London

Raven, R., Sengers, F., Spaeth, P., Xie, L., Cheshmehzangi, A., de Jong, M., (2017) Urban experimentation and institutional arrangements. European Planning Studies, 1-24

Temenos, C., Nikolaeva, A., Schwanen, T. Cresswell, T., Sengers, F., Watson, M., Sheller, M. (2017) Theorising Mobility Transitions: An Interdisciplinary Conversation. Transfers, 7, 113-129

Raven, R., Ghosh, B., Wieczorek, A., Stirling, A., Ghosh, D., Jolly, S., Karjangtimapron, E., Prabudhanitisarn, S., Roy, J., Sangawongse, S., Sengers, F. (2017) Unpacking sustainabilities in diverse transition contexts: solar photovoltaic and urban mobility experiments in India and Thailand. Sustainability Science, 1-18

Sengers, F., Wieczorek, A.J., Raven, R. (2016) Experimenting for Sustainability Transitions: A Systematic Literature Review. Technological Forecasting and Social Change.

Sengers, F. (2016) Cycling the City, Re-imagining the City: Envisioning Urban Sustainability Transitions in Thailand. Urban Studies, 54(12), 27363-2779

Cook, S., Davidson, A., Stratford, E., Middleton, J., Plyushteva, A., Fitt, H., Cranston, S., Simpson, P., Delaney, H., Evans, K., Jones, A., Kershaw, J., Williams, N., Bissell, D., Duncan, T., Sengers, F., Elvy, J., Wilmott, C. (2016) Co-Producing Mobilities: negotiating geographical knowledge in a conference session on the move. Journal of Geography in Higher Education, 40(3), 340-374

Sengers, F. (2016). Transforming Transport in Thailand: Experimenting for Transitions to Sustainable Urban Mobility. Eindhoven University of technology press

Sengers, F., Berkhout, F., Wieczorek, A., Raven, R. (2016) Experimenting in the city: Unpacking notions of experimentation for sustainability. In: Evans, J., Karvonen, A., Raven, R. (Eds.) The Experimental City. Routledge: London, pp. 15-31.

Ghosh, D., Sengers, F., Wieczorek, A., Ghosh, B., Roy, J., Raven, R. (2016) Urban Mobility Experiments in India and Thailand. In: Evans, J., Karvonen, A., Raven, R. (Eds.) The Experimental City. Routledge: London, pp. 122-136.

Sengers, F., Raven, R. (2016) Experimenteren voor de transitie naar een duurzame stad. Rooijlijn, 49(4), 262-281

Sengers, F., Raven, R. (2015) Toward a spatial perspective on niche development: the case of Bus Rapid Transit, Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions, 17, 166-182.

Sengers, F., Raven, R. (2014) Metering motorbike mobility: informal transport in transition?, Technology Analysis and Strategic Management, 26(4), 453–468.

Verbong, G., Beemsterboer, S., Sengers, F. (2013) Smart grids or smart users? Involving users in developing a low carbon electricity economy, Energy Policy, 52, 117-125.

Sangawongse, S., Sengers, F., Raven, R. (2012) The Multi-level Perspective and the scope for sustainable land use planning in Chiang Mai city, Environment and Natural Resources, 10(2), 21-30.

Sengers, F., Raven, R., Van Venrooij, A. (2010) From riches to rags: Biofuels, media discourses, and resistance to sustainable energy technologies, Energy Policy, 38(9), 5013-5027. 

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