Comparative politics; democracy and authoritarianism; political regimes and regime change; military rule; social movements; citizenship and human rights; new institutions of accountability in Brazilian public security; Brazil's political, economic, and social transformation in the 20th and early 21st century.
Ditadura e Repressão [Dictatorship and Repression] (São Paulo: Paz e Terra, 2010). This is a Portuguese translation of the book below, with a new introduction and preface by Paulo Sergio Pinheiro.
Political (In)justice: Authoritarianism and the Rule of Law in Brazil, Chile, and Argentina (Pittsburgh University Press, 2005). A Brazilian edition of this book entitled Ditadura e Repressão (Dictatorship and Repression) is scheduled to be published in 2010 by Paz e Terra, with an introduction by Paulo Sergio Pinheiro.
The End of the Peasantry: the Emergence of the Rural Labor Movement in Northeast Brazil, 1961-1998 (University of Pittsburgh Press, 1997)
Diane Davis and Anthony Pereira, eds. Irregular Armed Forces and their Role in Politics and State Formation (Cambridge University Press, 2003). [The paperback version of this book was published in 2008.]
Articles in refereed journals
“Continuity is Not Lack of Change” (part of a symposium, “Brazil Under President Dilma Rousseff: A Preliminary Assessment”) in Critical Sociology , Volume 38, Number 6, 2012, pp. 777-787.
“Brazilian Studies Then and Now” in Brasiliana – Journal for Brazilian Studies , Volume 1, Number 1, 2012, pp. 3-21.
(with Ana Margheritis) “The Neoliberal Turn in Latin America: The Cycle of Ideas and the Search for an Alternative” in Latin American Perspectives , Issue 154, Volume 34, Number 3, May 2007, pp. 25-48.
(with Jorge Zaverucha) “The Neglected Step-Child: Military Justice and Democratic Transition in Chile” in Social Justice , Volume 32, Number 2, 2005, pp. 115-131.
“The Dialectics of the Brazilian Military Regime’s Political Trials” in Luso-Brazilian Review , Volume 41, Number 2, 2005, pp. 162-183.
(with Ana Margheritis) “A América Latina e o Fim do `Consenso de Washington’” [Latin America and the End of the `Washington Consensus’] in Relações Internacionais [International Relations], (Lisbon, Portugal), Number 4, December 2004, pp. 89-101.
“Explaining Judicial Reform Outcomes in New Democracies: The Importance of Authoritarian Legalism in Argentina, Brazil, and Chile” in Human Rights Review , Volume 4, Number 3, April-June 2004, pp. 3-16.
“Brazil’s Agrarian Reform: Democratic Innovation or Oligarchic Exclusion Redux?” in Latin American Politics and Society , Volume 45, Number 2, summer 2003, pp. 41-65. [An updated version of this article is reprinted in William C. Smith, ed. Latin American Democratic Transformations: Institutions, Actors, and Processes (Cambridge, MA and Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009), pp. 251-270.]
“Political Justice Under Authoritarian Regimes in Argentina, Brazil, and Chile” in Human Rights Review , Volume 4, Number 2, spring 2003, pp. 27-47.
“Military Justice Before and After September 11” in Constellations , Volume 9, Number 4, December 2002, pp. 477-491.
“`Virtual Legality’: Authoritarian Legacies and the Reform of Military Justice in Brazil, the Southern Cone, and Mexico” in Comparative Political Studies , Volume 34, Number 5, June 2001, pp. 555-574.
(with Diane Davis) "New Patterns of Militarized Violence and Coercion in the Americas", introductions to a double issue of Latin American Perspectives , Issues 111-112, Volume 27, Numbers 2-3, entitled "Violence, Coercion and Rights in the Americas", March and June 2000, pp. 3-17 and pp. 3-7.
"`Persecution and Farce': The Origins and Transformation of Brazil's Political Trials" in Latin American Research Review , Volume 33, Number 1, 1998, pp. 43-66.
"Working for Democracy: Brazil’s Organized Working Class in Comparative Perspective" in International Labor and Working-Class History , Number 49, Spring 1996, pp. 93-115. [Reprinted as “Brazilian Workers and Democracy” in Vincent C. Peloso, ed. Work, Protest, and Identity in Twentieth-Century Latin America (Wilmington: Scholarly Resources Inc., Jaguar Books on Latin America Number 26, 2003), pp. 277-300.]
(with Cliff Welch), introduction to an issue of Latin American Perspectives (co-edited by Anthony Pereira and Cliff Welch) entitled "Labor and the Free Market in the Americas", Issue 84, Volume 22, Number 1, Winter 1995, pp. 3-9.
"The Neglected Tragedy: The Return to War in Angola, 1992-93", in the Journal of Modern African Studies , Volume 32, Number 1, March 1994, pp. 1-28.
"Economic Development, Democracy, and Civil Society in the Third World: the Northeastern Brazilian Case" in Third World Quarterly , Volume 14, Number 2, November 1993, pp. 365-380.
"Agrarian Reform and the Rural Workers' Unions of the Pernambuco Sugar Zone, Brazil 1985-1988" in Journal of Developing Areas , Number 26, January, 1992, pp. 169-192.
"Profeta no Exílio: O Retorno do Mito de Francisco Julião" [Prophet in Exile: The Return of the Myth of Francisco Julião] in Cadernos de Estudos Sociais (Recife, Brazil), Volume 17, Number 1, January/June, 1991, pp. 101-119.
Chapters in books
“Human Rights and Military Abuses” in Peter Kingstone and Deborah Yashar, eds. Routledge Handbook of Latin American Politics (New York: Routledge, 2012), pp. 114-130.
“Rural Social Movements in Nicaragua”; “Rejoinder to Jeffrey Gould”; and “Response to John Hammond” in Jeff Goodwin and James M. Jasper, eds. Contention in Context: Political Opportunities and the Emergence of Protest (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2012), pp. 59-73; 78-82; 127-129.
“Parathënie për botimin shqip” (Preface) in Boris Fausto, Historie shkurtër e Brazilit (Albanian translation of Concise History of Brazil) (Tirana: Albanian Institute for International Studies, 2012), pp. 13-18.
“Military Rule” in Bertrand Badie, Dirk Berg-Schlosser, and Leonardo Morlino, eds., International Encyclopedia of Political Science (Beverly Hills: Sage Publications, 2011), pp. 1573-1578.
“Brazil: Struggle for Human Rights” in David P. Forsythe, editor-in-chief, Encyclopedia of Human Rights (Oxford University Press, 2009), volume 1, pp. 187-197.
“Brazil's Agrarian Reform: Democratic Innovation or Oligarchic Exclusion Redux?” in William C. Smith, ed. Latin American Democratic Transformations: Institutions, Actors, and Processes (Cambridge, MA and Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009), pp. 251-270.
“Judicial Systems and Political Repression in Argentina, Brazil and Chile” in Cecília MacDowell Santos, Edson Luis de Almeida Teles, and Janaína de Almeida Teles, eds. Desarquivando a Ditadura: Memória e Justiça no Brasil (Uncovering the Dictatorship: Memory and Justice in Brazil) (São Paulo: Hucitec, 2009), volume 1, pp. 203-224.
“Of Judges and Generals: Security Courts Under Authoritarian Regimes in Argentina, Brazil and Chile” in Tom Ginsburg and Tamir Moustafa, eds. Rule by Law: The Politics of Courts in Authoritarian Regimes (Cambridge: Cambridge U. Press, 2008), pp. 23-57.
“Public Security, Private Interests and Police Reform in Brazil” in Peter Kingstone and Timothy Power, eds. Democratic Brazil Revisited (Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2008), pp. 185-208.
“Democracy, Citizenship, and Police Procedures in New Orleans: The Importance of the Local Context for Defining Rights” in Stacey McGoldrick and Andrea McArdle, eds. Uniform Behavior: Police Localism and National Politics (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006), pp. 127-153. [Translated and reproduced in Jorge Zaverucha, Adriano Oliveira, and Armando Nascimento, eds. (In)Segurança Pública e a Ordem Social (Public Insecurity and the Social Order) (Recife: Editora UFPE – Federal University of Pernambuco, 2007).]
“O Papel dos Advogados de Defesa na Justiça Militar Brasileira, 1964-1979: Redefinindo o Crime Político” [The Role of Defence Lawyers in Brazilian Military Justice, 1964-1979: Redefining Political Crime] in João Roberto Martins Filho, ed. O Golpe de 1964 e o Regime Militar: Novas Perspectivas [The 1964 Coup and the Military Regime: New Perspectives] (São Carlos: EdUFSCar, 2006), pp. 119-128.
“Agrarian Reform” in Mauricio Font and Anthony Spanakos, eds. Reforming Brazil (Lanham MD: Lexington Books, 2004), pp. 93-114.
(with Mark Ungar) “The Persistence of the `Mano Duro’: Authoritarian Legacies and Policing in Brazil and the Southern Cone” in Paola Cesarini and Katherine Hite, eds. Authoritarian Legacies in Southern Europe and Latin America (South Bend, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 2004), pp. 263-304.
“Armed Forces, Coercive Monopolies, and Changing Patterns of State Formation and Violence” in Diane Davis and Anthony Pereira, eds. Irregular Armed Forces and their Role in Politics and State Formation (Cambridge University Press, 2003), pp. 387-407.
(with Jorge Zaverucha) “The Rule of Law and the Federal Military Justice System in Brazil” in Gerhard Kuemmel, ed., Proceedings of the Interim Conference 2000 of the International Sociological Association [SOWI Forum International Volume 23] (Strasbourg: SOWI, 2001), pp. 479-528.
"An Ugly Democracy?: State Violence and the Rule of Law in Post-Authoritarian Brazil" in Peter Kingstone and Timothy Power eds., Democratic Brazil (University of Pittsburgh Press, 2000), pp. 217-235.
"O Monstro Algemado?: Violência do Estado e Repressão Legal no Brasil, 1964-97" [The Shackled Monster? State Violence and Legal Repression in Brazil, 1964-97] in Jorge Zaverucha ed., Democracia e Instituições Políticas Brasileiras no Final do Século Vinte [Democracy and Brazilian Political Institutions at the End of the Twentieth Century] (Recife, Brazil: Bagaço, 1998), pp. 13-61.
"The Crisis of Developmentalism and the Rural Labor Movement in Northeast Brazil", in Douglas Chalmers, Carlos Vilas, Katherine Hite, Scott Martin, Kerianne Piester, and Monique Segarra eds, The New Politics of Inequality in Latin America: Rethinking Participation and Representation (Oxford University Press, 1997), pp. 95-114.
"The Effects of Agricultural Modernization", in Ünner Kirdar and Leonard Silk, eds, People: From Impoverishment to Empowerment (New York University Press/UNDP, 1995), pp. 26-40.
Articles in scholarly periodicals and working paper series
“Brazil” in D.S. Lewis and Wendy Slater, eds. The 2013 Annual Register : World Events (Ann Arbor, MI: ProQuest) pp. 148-151.
“O Declínio das Ligas Camponesas e a Ascenção dos Sindicatos: as Organizações de Trabalhadores Rurais em Pernambuco na Segunda República, 1955-1963” (The Decline of the Peasant Leagues and the Rise of the Trade Unions: Pernambuco’s Rural Labor Organizations in the Second Republic, 1955-1963) in Clio: Revista de Pesquisa Histórica (Recife: Department of History, Federal University of Pernambuco), Number 26-2, 2008, pp. 245-272. (Dated 2008 but published in 2009.)
“Reforma Policial y Derechos Humanos en Brasil: la Dimensión Internacional” (Police Reform and Human Rights in Brazil: the International Dimension) in Araucaria: Revista Iberoamericana de Filosofia, Política y Humanidades , Ano 10, No. 20, 2008, pp. 155-174.
“Brazil: Dividing the Spoils” in The World Today (Royal Institute of International Affairs), Volume 62, Number 10, October 2006, pp. 20-21.
(with Timothy Power) “Lula lá: Implications of the 2002 elections in Brazil” in LASA Forum (the bulletin of the Latin American Studies Association), Volume XXXIII, Number 4, Winter 2003, pp. 8-10 and 27-28.
“Democracies: Emerging or Submerging?” in Dissent , Volume 48, Winter 2001, pp. 17-23. Reprinted in Lettera Internazionale , Italian edition and Robert J. Griffiths, ed. Annual Editions: Developing World 02/03 (Guildford, CT: McGraw-Hill/Dushkin, 2002), pp. 122-126, and in Robert J. Griffiths, ed. Annual Editions: Developing World 03/04 (Guildford, CT: McGraw-Hill/Dushkin, 2004), pp. 120-124.
Virtual Legality: The Use and Reform of Military Justice in Brazil, the Southern Cone, and Mexico , David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies Working Paper Number 99/00-2.
“God, the Devil, and Development in Northeast Brazil” in Praxis , Volume XV, 1999, pp. 112-136.
(with Sanjay Reddy) The Role and Reform of the State (New York: U.N. Development Programme/Bureau for Development Policy/Office of Development Studies Working Paper No 8, August 1998).
Law Under Siege: The Origins and Transformation of Brazil’s Political Trials , David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies Working Paper Number 96/97-7.
“Latin America in the Era of `Hot Money’” in Dissent , Volume 43, Number 1, Winter 1996, pp. 47-51.
"Angola's 1992 Elections: A Personal View" in Camões Center Quarterly , Volume 5, Numbers 1 and 2, Winter 1994, pp. 1-8.
“The Foreign Aid Disaster” in The New School Commentator , Volume Five, Number 1, October-November 1993, pp. 1-4.
“Peace in the Third World? The Case of Angola” in Dissent , Volume 40, Number 3, Summer 1993, pp. 291-294.
"A Transformação de Cuba" [The Transformation of Cuba] in Cadernos de Ciências Sociais , Belo Horizonte, Brazil, Volume 2, Number 2, October, 1992, pp. 51-53.
“Brazil: Fire in the Forest” in Hemisphere , Volume 1, Number 3, Summer 1989, pp. 3-6.
Selected articles in magazines and newspapers
“Does Brazil deserve its `B’ for BRIC?” in CNN Online , 11 June 2013.
“Challenges for the Dilma Rousseff Government” in Brazil Business Brief (News from the Brazilian Chamber of Commerce in Great Britain) Volume 14, Number 4, April 2012, pp. 10-13.
“O Gambito Chileno” [The Chilean Gambit] in O Estado de São Paulo , 17 March 2012.
“Três Questões sobre o Brasil pós-Lula” [Three Issues Concerning Post-Lula Brazil] in O Globo , 31 October 2010, p. 9.
“President Dilma Rousseff of Brazil: the End or the Continuation of the Lula Era?” in BBC News Interactive , 31 October 2010.
“O judiciário é autoritário, disse brasilianista” [The judiciary is authoritarian, says Brazilianist] (interview by Lucas Ferraz) in Folha de São Paulo , 3 October 2010.
“Brazil: Finally on the Yellow BRIC Road?” in World Commerce Review (London), Volume 4, Issue 3, September 2010, pp. 12-15.
“Contas Ainda Abertas” (Accounts Still Open) in O Estado de São Paulo , Sunday, 25 April 2010, Aliás (weekend supplement), p. J3.
“Sem Soluções Mágicas para a Questão Racial” [No Magic Solutions for the Racial Question] in Jornal do Brasil (Rio de Janeiro), 6 November, 2008.
"Uma Oportunidade Foi Perdida" [An Opportunity was Lost - interview] in O Diário de Pernambuco (Recife, Brazil), 30 August, 2006, p. 15 of a special section entitled "O Plano de Kennedy para Desenvolver o Nordeste" [Kennedy's Plan to Develop the Northeast].
“Governo Bush: Declínio ou Renovação?” [The Bush Government: Decline or Renovation?] in O Diário de Pernambuco (Recife, Brazil), 26 April 2006, p. A3.
“Encontro Analisa Ligas Camponesas” [Conference Analyzes Peasant Leagues] in O Diário de Pernambuco (Recife, Brazil), 2 December 2005, p. B12.
“Para Analista, Chile Avança Mais Que Brasil” [For Analyst, Chile Advances Farther Than Brazil] (interview) in Folha de São Paulo (São Paulo, Brazil), 5 November 2004, p. A-9.
“As Ligas Influenciaram a Política de Kennedy” [The Leagues Influenced Kennedy’s Policy] (interview) in O Diário de Pernambuco (Recife, Brazil), 31 March 2004, p. 12.
“Via Judicial da Repressão Evitou Mortes, Afirma Brasilianista” [Judicial Repression Avoided Deaths, Affirms Brazilianist] (interview) in Folha de São Paulo (São Paulo, Brazil), 5 April 2004, p. A10.
“Como Julgar os Taliban?” [How to Judge the Taliban?] in O Mundo em Português [The World in Portuguese] (Lisbon, Portugal), Volume III, Number 29, February 2002. pp. 4-5.
“Ser um Patriota Americano Hoje” [What It Means to be a Patriot Today] in O Mundo em Português [The World in Portuguese] (Lisbon, Portugal) Volume III, Number 28, January 2002, pp. 29-30.
“Cuba: Defying the Predictions” [Cuba: Más Allá de los Pronósticos”] in Observador International (Mexico City, Mexico), Year 1, Number 7, 26 July 26 1993, pp. 42-44.
“Lonely Cuba Bobbles on Ocean of Capitalism” in In These Times , 6-12 November 1991, p. 16.
Op-ed articles in The Boston Globe (10/20/98; 2/12/97), Sacramento Bee (1/6/93; 9/27/92; 3/11/90) Providence Journal-Bulletin (9/27/92; 3/24/90; 1/1/90) and Boston Herald (1/4/90).
Recent papers read
‘Transitional Justice” at the Brazilian Ministry of Justice, 21 June 2013.
“Brazil’s Truth Commission: Progress or Perdition” at the Conference on the Quality of Democracy in Brazil, University of Oxford, 21 February 2013.
“State Security or Public Defence?: Public Security Reform in Recife”, paper presented at the Research Institute of Latin American Studies, University of Liverpool, 3 March 2011.
“The Brazilian State and Patrimonialism”, paper presented at the Centre for Latin American Studies, University of Cambridge, 8 November 2010 and Latin American Studies Programme, St. Antony’s College, University of Oxford, 12 October 2010.
“Transitional Justice in Brazil”, presentation to conference organized by the Amnesty Commission, Federal Ministry of Justice, Luiziania, Goias, Brazil, 30 July 2010.
“Politics versus Policy: Is Police Politicization a Threat to Democracy in Brazil?”,
paper presented at the 5th ECPR General Conference, Potsdam, Germany, 12 September 2009.
“Party Politics and Policing in the Brazilian Northeast”, paper presented at the XXVIII International Congress of the Latin American Studies Association, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 12 June 2009.
“The Police Ombudsman as a Potential Mechanism to Reduce Violence in Brazil”,
paper presented at a workshop on Arms, Violence, and Politics in Latin America, Center for Latin American Studies, University of Calgary, Alberta Canada, 15 May 2009.
“The Police Ombudsman in Brazil in Historical Perspective”, paper presented at the workshop, “Arms, Violence, and Politics in Latin America”, Centre for Latin American Studies, University of Calgary, Canada, 25 April 2008.
“Public Security Reform in Brazil”, paper presented at the Plenary Session on “The Challenges of Public Security in Brazil”, IX International Congress of the Brazilian Studies Association, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA, 28 March 2008.
“Paper Cemeteries: The Politics of Public Security Reform in Brazil”, paper presented at the Institute for the Study of the Americas, University of London, 23 January 2008.
“Political Representation and Public Security in Brazil: The Recife Case”, paper presented at the 2007 Annual Meeting of the Society for Latin American Studies, Newcastle, UK, 14 April 2007.
“A Social Trap? Coercive Institutions and Local Rights in Recife, Brazil”, paper presented at the 2006 Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Philadelphia, PA, 31 August 2006.
“Of Judges and Generals: Security Courts Under Authoritarian Regimes in Argentina, Brazil, and Chile”, paper presented at “The Politics of Courts in Authoritarian Regimes”, workshop at the University of Pennsylvania Law School, 30 August 2006.
“Private Interests and Public Policies: Notes Toward an Understanding of the Singularity of Public Security in Recife, Brazil”, paper presented at the 5th Annual Conference of the Brazilian Association of Political Science, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, 28 July 2006.
“Public Security, Private Interests, and Police Reform in Brazil”, paper presented at the XXVI International Congress of the Latin American Studies Association, San Juan, Puerto Rico, 16 March 2006.
(with Ana Margheritis) “Searching for a New Consensus: Economic Reform and Regional Trade Integration in the Americas”, paper presented at the Business Association of Latin American Studies, Madrid, Spain, 27 May 2005.
(with Ana Margheritis) “Searching for a New Consensus: Economic Reform and Regional Trade Integration in the Americas”, paper presented at the Southern Political Science Association Conference, New Orleans, 6 January 2005.
“Neoliberal Reform in Latin America: What Have We Learned?”, paper presented to the Center for Full Employment and Price Stability, Department of Economics, University of Missouri-Kansas City, 12 November 2004.
(with Mark Ungar) “The Persistence of the `Mano Duro’: Authoritarian Legacies and Policing in Brazil and the Southern Cone”, paper presented at the XXVI International Congress of the Latin American Studies Association, Las Vegas, Nevada, 7 October 2004.
(with Jorge Zaverucha) “America or Americas?: Democracy, Citizenship, and Police Procedure in New Orleans, USA and Recife, Brazil”, paper presented at the XXVI International Congress of the Latin American Studies Association, Las Vegas, Nevada, 7 October 2004.
Samuel Cohn, Employment and Development under Globalization: State and Economy in Brazil, in Bulletin of Latin American Research , forthcoming.
Mauricio A. Font and Laura Randall eds., The Brazilian State: Debate and Agenda in Journal of Latin American Studies , Volume 45, Issue 1, February 2013, pp. 175-176.
Leonardo Avritzer, Participatory Institutions in Democratic Brazil in Luso-Brazilian Review , Volume 48, Number 1, June 2011, pp. 159-161.
R.S. Rose, The Unpast: Elite Violence and Social Control in Brazil, 1954-2000 in Luso-Brazilian Review , Volume 43, Number 2, 2006, pp. 169-170.
Guillermo O’Donnell, Jorge Vargas Cullel, and Osvaldo Iazzetta, eds., The Quality of Democracy: Theory and Applications in Americas , Volume 62, Number 2, October 2005, pp. 296-297.
Shawn C. Smallman, Fear and Memory in The Brazilian Army and Society, 1889-1954, in Left History , Volume 9, Number 1, Fall/Winter 2003, pp. 179-182.
Kirk S. Bowman, Militarization, Democracy and Development: The Perils of Praetorianism in Latin America in Perspectives on Politics , Volume 1, Number 4, December 2003, pp. 802-803.
Lincoln Gordon, Brazil’s Second Chance: En Route toward the First World in Political Science Quarterly , Volume 117, Number 4, Winter 2002-03, pp. 714-716.
Marco F. Guillén, The Limits of Convergence: Globalization and Organizational Change in Argentina, South Korea, and Spain in Political Science Quarterly , Volume 117, Number 3, Fall 2002, pp. 522-523.
Patricia Verdugo, Chile, Pinochet, and the Caravan of Death, in Latin American Politics and Society , Volume 44, Number 2, Summer 2002, pp. 157-162.
Kees Koonings and Dirk Kruijt, eds. Societies of Fear: The Legacy of Civil War, Violence, and Terror in Latin America in The Journal of Third World Studies , Volume XVIII, Number 2, Fall 2001, pp. 316-318.
Joe Foweraker and Todd Landman, Citizenship Rights and Social Movements: A Comparative and Statistical Analysis in Mobilization , Volume 4, Number 2, Fall 1999, pp. 260-261.
Kurt Weyland, Democracy Without Equity: Failures of Reform in Brazil in Journal of Interamerican Studies and World Affairs , Volume 40 Number 2, 1998.
Carlos Nino, Radical Evil on Trial in Americas , March 1998, Volume 55, Number 1.
Paul Buchanan, State, Labor, Capital: Democratizing Class Relations in the Southern Cone in Journal of Latin American Studies , March 1997.
Kurt von Mettenheim, The Brazilian Voter: Mass Politics in Democratic Transition, 1974-1986 in American Political Science Review , September 1996.
Shawn H. McCormick, The Angolan Economy: Prospects for Growth in a Postwar Environment in Journal of Developing Societies , December 1995.
Joseph Collins and John Lear, Chile's Free-Market Miracle: A Second Look in NACLA Report on the Americas , December 1995.
Leigh Payne, Brazilian Industrialists and Democratic Change in Journal of Developing Areas in Journal of Developing Areas , Volume 29, Number 1, October 1994.
Jeffrey Frieden, Debt, Development, and Democracy: Modern Political Economy and Latin America, 1965-1985 in The Journal of Politics , November 1993.
Todd Diacon, The Contestado Rebellion: Millenarian Vision, Capitalist Reality in Canadian Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Studies , Spring 1993.
Abraham F. Lowenthal (ed.), Exporting Democracy: The United States and Latin America in Political Science Quarterly , Winter 1992.
Jean de Léry, History of a Voyage to the Land of Brazil, in Canadian Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Studies , April 1992.
Ronald Chilcote, Power and the Ruling Classes in Northeast Brazil: Juazeiro and Petrolina in Transition in South Eastern Latin Americanist , September 1991, Volume XXXV, No. 2.
Youssef Cohen, The Manipulation of Consent: The State and Working-Class Consciousness in Brazil and Charles Davis, Working-Class Mobilization and Control: Venezuela and Mexico in American Political Science Review , Volume 84, No.4, December 1990.
William Blum, The CIA: A Forgotten History; John Prados, Presidents’ Secret Wars; and John Ranelagh, The Agency: The Rise and Decline of the CIA, in "The CIA's Not-So-Secret Wars" in Fletcher Forum , a journal of the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University, Winter 1988.
Wayne Smith, The Closest of Enemies in "The Disillusionment of a Diplomat" in the Harvard International Review , January 1988.