Show/hide main menu

PhD Students

Florina Cristiana Matei


Research Interests

  • Civil – Military Relations and Democratic Consolidation
  • National Security Affairs
  • Democratic Reform of Intelligence
  • Street Gangs in Central America


Democratic Control versus Effectiveness: A Precarious Balance for Intelligence Sector Reform in New Democracies

The thesis investigates whether new democracies can ensure democratic control of their intelligence agencies without impairing their effectiveness in safeguarding national security.


Primary Supervisor: Professor Joseph Maiolo

Secondary Supervisor: Professor Christopher Dandeker


Florina Cristiana Matei (Cris) is a Lecturer at the Center for Civil-Military Relations (CCMR) at the United States Naval Postgraduate School (NPS), which she joined as a Research Associate in 2003. Cris has researched, published and lectured on various issues concerning civil-military relations, democratization, intelligence, combating terrorism, etc., for CCMR’s programs, NPS National Security Affairs (NSA) M.A. courses, and international conferences (including the International Studies Association (ISA)). Cris earned a M.A. in International Security Affairs and Civil-Military Relations from the Naval Postgraduate School in 2001 and a B.S. in Physics (Nuclear Interactions and Elementary Particles) from the University of Bucharest, Romania, in 1996. Before coming to NPS Cris worked for the Romanian Ministry of Defense as a civilian subject matter expert. She was accepted in the War Studies Department PhD Program in 2011. 

Recent Publications

  • “Toward A New Conceptualization of Civil-Military Relations” (with Thomas Bruneau) in Democratization, December 2008;
  • “Challenges of Intelligence Sharing in Romania” in Intelligence and National Security, August 2009;
  • “National Security Councils: Their Potential Functions in Democratic Civil-Military Relations” (with Thomas Bruneau and Sak Sakoda) in Defense and Security Analysis, September 2009;
  • “The Challenges of Intelligence Sharing in Romania”, in Intelligence and National Security, 2009;
  • “The Legal Framework for Intelligence in Post-Communist Romania” in International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence, September 2009;
  •  “Developing Effective Armed Forces in the Twenty First Century: Case Studies of new democracies”, Journal of Defense Resources Management, Brasov, Romania, April 2011; 
  • “Intelligence Reform in New Democracies: Factors Supporting or Arresting Progress” (with Thomas Bruneau) in Democratization Journal, June 2011;
  • “Policymakers and Intelligence Reform in the New Democracies” (with Thomas Bruneau) in International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence, December 2011.

Book chapters:

  • “Romania’s Transition to democracy: the Role of the Press in Intelligence Reform”chapter in Reforming Intelligence: Obstacles to Democratic Control and Effectiveness, University of Texas Press, June 2007;
  • “Combating Terrorism And Organized Crime: South Eastern Europe Collective Approaches” - chapter in BIlten Slovenske Vojske (SLOVENIA), September 2008;
  • “Romania’s Intelligence Reform: The Importance of the Legal Framework” - chapter in Two Decades of Change: Romania 1989-2009, Difin, Poland, April 2009;
  • “Intelligence in the Developing Democracies: The “Quest” for Transparency and Effectiveness” (with Thomas Bruneau) in the editedOxford Handbook for Intelligence, February 2010;
  •  “A Plea for Effective Intelligence in a Democracy: the View of an Outsider”), chapter in A War of Mind. Intelligence, intelligence services and strategic knowledge in the 21st Century, RAO Publishing, Romania, November 2010;
  • The Impact of U.S. Anti-gang Policies in Central America: Quo Vadis?”, chapter in Maras Gang Violence and Security in Central America, University of Texas Press, December 2011.


  • The Routledge Handbook of Civil – Military Relations, (co-editor with Thomas Bruneau), Routledge, September 2012
Sitemap Site help Terms and conditions  Privacy policy  Accessibility  Modern slavery statement  Contact us

© 2018 King's College London | Strand | London WC2R 2LS | England | United Kingdom | Tel +44 (0)20 7836 5454