POVA referrals: the first 100
As part of the implementation of the Care Standards Act (2000), the Department of Health introduced the Protection of Vulnerable Adults (POVA) list on 26 July 2004. This small study aimed to identify any commonalities and the extent of differences between the first 100 referrals to the POVA list.
Jill Manthorpe and Martin Stevens of SCWRU
Department of Health
2004 - 2005
As part of the implementation of the Care Standards Act (2000), the Department of Health introduced the Protection of Vulnerable Adults (POVA) list on 26 July 2004, as a complement to the requirement for the development of local multi-agency adult protection policies and procedures, set out in No Secrets (DH, 2000). One of the main requirements of this was that employers would be required to make checks on the POVA list, in addition to the Criminal Records Bureau Check, when employing workers (or providing volunteers) in regular contact with (in care homes) or providing personal care (in their own homes) to vulnerable adults. Furthermore, employers were required to make a referral to the list whenever a worker had been seen to be guilty of misconduct that harmed, or placed vulnerable adults at risk of harm.
This small study aimed to identify any commonalities and the extent of differences between the first 100 referrals to the POVA list, with an initial exploration of:
- The genesis and contexts of referrals
- The context of the reason(s) for referral
- Stated reasons(s) for referral
- The employment status of the person referred
- What is known about any 'victim(s)'
- The presence/absence of criminal proceedings
- The risk factors mentioned (if any)
- Any involvement/consultation with other agencies
A series of frequencies and cross-tabulations summarising this data was compared with relevant national data, where this exists. In addition to this quantitative data, more extensive notes were taken about the details of each case, in the form of a narrative and more general comments. Common themes were identified and a typology of cases devised.
Protection of Vulnerable Adults Phase II
Investigating the Vetting and Barring Scheme
Stevens, M. & Manthorpe, J. (2005) 'POVA Referrals - The First 100: Analysis of the First 100 Referrals to the POVA List', London: Department of Health.
Summary of the main report (2pp)