Tourism is one of the fastest growing industries in the world, yet comparatively little is known about its effects, either positive or negative, on socio-economic development in countries of the South. An exploration of the nature and impact of tourism, particularly in developing countries, thus forms the focus of this module. It begins by examining the major characteristics of the tourist industry at a global level and the factors that have influenced the nature and rate of the industry’s development. With this as a context, the module turns to the major ‘actors’ in the tourist industry: the tourists, the various agents of tourism development and the host communities, and examines the forces that motivate each of them and define their objectives. The literature on tourism is riven with ambiguity and a major part of this module focuses on understanding the nomenclature and deconstructing the different ‘types’ of tourism so frequently cited. Terms such as Mass tourism, Eco-tourism, Responsible, Pro-poor and Community-based tourism are discussed in depth, with particular attention being paid to the gap between theory and practice. Finally, the underlying theme of the module, the actual and potential contribution of tourism to socioeconomic development is re-visited and debated.
Please note that this is indicative and may change from year to year.
Dr Ruth Craggs
10 hours of lectures; 10 hours of seminars
Module assessment - more information
Two 2000 word essays (50% each)