Papers of Maj Gen Sir Frederick Barton Maurice (1871-1951) and Maj Gen Sir (John) Frederick Maurice (1841-1912)
Frederick Barton Maurice Born in 1871; gazetted to Derbyshire Regt (later the Sherwood Foresters), 1892; served in Tirah Expeditions, India, 1897-1898; Capt, 1899; Special Service Officer, South Africa, 1899-1900; entered Staff College, 1902; General Staff Officer Grade 2, War Office, 1902; General Staff Officer Grade 2, 1908; Maj, 1911; Instructor, Staff College, 1913; Lt Col 1913; General Staff Officer Grade 2, later Grade 1, 3 Div, France, 1914-1915; Director of Military Operations, Imperial General Staff, 1915-1918; Maj Gen, 1916; wrote letter to the press accusing David Lloyd George's government of making misleading statements about the strength of British Army on the Western Front, May 1918; retired from Army and became military correspondent for The Daily Chronicle, May 1918; helped to found British Legion, 1920; Principal, Working Men's College, London, 1922-1933; Professor of Military Studies, London University, 1927; President of the British Legion, 1932-1947; Principal of Queen Mary College, University of London, 1933-1944; died in 1951.
The Russo-Turkish War, 1877-1878 (Special Campaign Series, 1905); Sir Frederick Maurice: a record of his work and opinions (Edward Arnold, London, 1913); Forty days in 1914 (Constable and Co, London, 1919); The last four months (Cassell and Co, London, 1919); The life of Lord Wolseley (with Sir George Compton Archibald Arthur) (William Heinemann, London, 1924); Robert E Lee, the soldier (Constable and Co, London, 1925); Governments and war (William Heinemann, London, 1926); An aide-de-camp of Lee (Little, Brown and Co, London, 1927); The life of General Lord Rawlinson of Trent (Cassell and Co, London, 1928); British strategy (Constable and Co, London, 1929); The 16th Foot (Constable and Co, London, 1931); The history of the Scots Guards (Chatto and Windus, London, 1934); Haldane (Faber and Faber, London, 1937, 1939); The armistices of 1918 (Oxford University Press, London, 1943); The adventures of Edward Wogan (G Routledge and Sons, London, 1945). Also contributed to John Emerich Edward Dalberg Acton, Baron Acton's Cambridge modern history planned by (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1902-1911).
Some of the material relating to the events of May 1918 has been published in The Maurice Case (Leo Cooper, London, 1972) by Nancy Maurice (Nancy Spears, wife of Maj Gen Sir Edward (Louis) Spears, 1st Bt).
John Frederick Maurice Born in 1841; educated Addiscombe College and Royal Military Academy, Woolwich; commissioned into Royal Artillery 1861; passed through Staff College, 1870; Private Secretary to FM Sir Garnet Joseph Wolseley in Ashanti Campaign, 1873- 1874; served in South Africa, 1879-1880, Egypt, 1882, and the Sudan, 1884-1885; also served in Intelligence Department, War Office; Professor of Military History, Staff College, 1885-1892; Aldershot, 1892-1893; commanding Royal Artillery, Eastern District, 1893-1895; Maj Gen, 1895; commanded Woolwich District, 1895-1902; died in 1912.
The Ashantee War (H S King and Co, London, 1872); Hostilities without declaration of war (official publication) (Clowes and Sons, London, 1883); The life of Frederick Denison Maurice (Macmillan and Co, London, 1884); Military history of the campaign of 1882 in Egypt (War Office publication, 1887); The balance of military power in Europe (W Blackwood and Sons, London, 1888); War (Macmillan and Co, London, 1891); The diary of Sir John Moore (Edward Arnold, London, 1904); History of South African War (official history) (Hurst and Blackett, London, 1906-1910).
Presented to the Centre by the family in 1972 and 1973.
SCOPE AND CONTENT
Frederick Barton Maurice Papers relating to his letter to the press concerning the
government's statements about the strength of the British Army, May 1918, dated
1917-1971, principally comprising Maurice's diary, Jan-May 1918; printed and typescript
texts by Maurice, 1918-1919, 1922, notably including 'The story of the crisis of May 1918',
dated 1918; correspondence with family and colleagues, 1918-1922, 1925, 1934, 1936;
newspaper cuttings, 1918, 1936, 1939; copies of Parliamentary and War Cabinet papers,
1918; correspondence relating to The Maurice Case (Leo Cooper, London, 1972) by Nancy
Maurice (Nancy Spears, wife of Maj Gen Sir Edward (Louis) Spears, 1st Bt), 1967-1971.
Papers collected by Maurice during the writing of The life of General Lord Rawlinson of Trent
(Cassell and Co, London, 1928) and Haldane (Faber and Faber, London, 1937, 1939),
comprising letters received by Rt Hon Richard Burdon Haldane, 1st Viscount Haldane, 1894,
1898, 1902, 1915-1916, 1919, 1928; letters received by Henry Seymour Rawlinson, 1st
Baron Rawlinson of Trent, 1888, 1914-1916, 1918, 1921, notably including letters from
Maj Gen Henry Hughes Wilson and Gen Sir Alexander John Godley concerning the Battle of
the Aisne, Sep 1914 and operations at Gallipoli, 1915. Other papers relating to his life and
career, 1888-1951, dated 1888-1971, principally comprising letters to his wife describing
his service in South Africa, 1899-1900, and as General Staff Officer, 3 Div, France,
1914-1915, and Director of Military Operations, Imperial General Staff, 1915;
correspondence, 1915-1919, relating to his service as Director of Military Operations,
1915-1918, notably including letters from Maj Gen Archibald Armar
Montgomery-Massingberd, Maj Gen John Humphrey Davidson, Lt Gen Sir George (Norton)
Cory, Lt Gen Sir William Raine Marshall, Maj Gen Sir Arthur Lynden Lynden-Bell concerning
operations on the Western Front, 1916-1917, and in the Balkans, 1916-1917,
Mesopotamia, 1917-1918, and Palestine, 1917; correspondence with Gen Sir Charles
Harington Harington, , 1925, 1932, 1934; printed and typescript articles, lectures
and other writings, 1913-1943, notably including text of 'On the uses of the study of war',
his inaugural lecture as Professor of Military Studies, London University, 1927, text of
Maurice's Lee Knowles lecture 'Public opinion in war', and articles on arms limitation, 1921,
1926, the Graeco-Turkish War, 1922, the Corfu Incident, , and the possibility of war
between the USA and Japan, 1925; newspaper cuttings, 1912-1919, 1924-1927, 1938,
1945, 1951, principally comprising reviews of his books.
Family papers, [1806-1812], principally comprising papers relating to Maurice's grandfather, Frederick Denison Maurice, [1833-1869], 1927; papers relating to his wife's family, [1806-1812], 1874-1879, 1896, 1909-, 1921, notably including personal letters written by her great-grandfather, Spencer Perceval, [1806-1812], and an account of a day during the Paris Commune, written in  by [Norman Spencer].
John Frederick Maurice: Papers collected or created by Maurice, dated 1872-1912, principally comprising letters from Gen Sir Archibald Hunter concerning operations in the Sudan, 1885, 1896-1898, notably including description of Battle of Obdurman, 1898; correspondence with FM Garnet Joseph Wolseley, 1st Viscount Wolseley, 1879, 1881, 1886, [1889-1905], notably including letters from Maurice concerning operations against the Zulu king Cetewayo (Cetshwayo), 1879.
The papers have been arranged in four sections: 1. Early Family Papers (1806-1921) 2. John Frederick Maurice (1885-1912) 3. Frederick Barton Maurice (1897-1951) 4. The Maurice Case (1918-1971)
CONDITIONS OF ACCESS AND USE
Open, subject to signature of reader's undertaking form.
Copies, subject to the condition of the original, may be supplied for research use only. Requests to publish original material should be submitted to the Trustees of the Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives, attention of the Director of Archive Services.
Mainly English but some French
Held at King's College London: papers relating to Frederick Denison Maurice.
Held elsewhere: Frederick Barton Maurice: Department of Western Manuscripts, Bodleian Library, Oxford University holds his letters to Herbert Asquith, 1916-1925 (Ref: MSS Asquith). The papers of Maj Gen Sir Edward (Louis) Spears, 1st Bt, at Churchill Archives Centre, Cambridge University, include correspondence, 1919-1944. Churchill Archives Centre, Cambridge also holds a copy of 'The story of the crisis of May 1918', along with a small collection of related papers. The Department of Manuscripts, National Library of Scotland, holds correspondence with Lord Haldane, 1917-1937 (Ref: MSS 5914-6103).
John Frederick Maurice: The British Library hold notes relating to his edition of Sir John Moore's diaries, 1899-1902 (Ref: Add MS 57545) and correspondence with Macmillan and Co, 1872-1911 (Ref: Add MS 55075). The Department of Manuscripts, National Library of Scotland holds correspondence with Blackwood and Sons (Ref: MSS 4201-4634).