King's College London
Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives

King's College London
Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives

Survey of the Papers of Senior UK Defence Personnel, 1900-1975

CHATFIELD, (Alfred) Ernle Montacute (1873-1967), 1st Baron Chatfield, Admiral of the Fleet

Service biography
Joined RN 1886; Capt, HMS MEDINA during royal tour to India 1911-1912; World War I 1914-1918; Flag Capt to Sir David Beatty 1913-1919; in charge of fleet gunnery, HMS ELIZABETH 1917-1919; Fourth Sea Lord 1919; British Delegate, Washington DC Naval Conference, USA 1920; Assistant Chief of the Naval Staff 1920-1922; commanding 3 Light Cruiser Sqn 1922-1924; Third Sea Lord 1925-1928; Commander-in-Chief Atlantic Fleet 1929; Mediterranean Fleet 1930-1932; First Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Staff 1932-1938; Chief of Technical Committee on Indian Defence 1938-1939; Minister for Co-ordination of Defence 1939-1940; resigned 1940; civil defence posts, World War II 1940-1945

LIDDELL HART CENTRE FOR MILITARY ARCHIVES: The papers of Capt Sir Basil Henry Liddell Hart include correspondence with Chatfield 1943 (ref: LH 1/164) CHURCHILL ARCHIVES CENTRE, CHURCHILL COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY: The papers of (Alfred) Duff Cooper, 1st Viscount Norwich of Aldwick, include correspondence with Chatfield 1937-1939 (ref: DUFC); IMPERIAL WAR MUSEUM, LONDON: The papers of Adm Sir Dudley Rawson Stratford de Chair (ref: P38-41) include a single letter from Chatfield 1932; NATIONAL MARITIME MUSEUM, LONDON: Extensive papers (ref: CHT/1-9), including; papers relating to his Atlantic and Mediterranean commands, including some material on the Invergorden Mutiny 1931; papers relating to his appointment as First Sea Lord and to Naval Conference 1935; papers relating to a visit to the Combined Fleets, Gibraltar 1938; correspondence with the Winston (Leonard Spencer) Churchill and with Lord Randolph Henry Spencer Churchill 1936-1942; papers relating to Indian Defence Committee 1938-1939; papers relating to his post as Minister for co-ordination of Defence 1939-1940; photograph albums; later papers including speech and broadcast notes, press cuttings and correspondence with Professor Arthur Marder; manuscripts of his two autobiographical works (these include sections deleted from the published version, including his account of the Washington DC Naval Conference 1920); PUBLIC RECORD OFFICE, LONDON: Correspondence between Chatsfield and Edward Frederick Lindley Wood, 1st Earl of Halifax, 1939-1940 (ref: CAB 127/10)

The Navy and defence, autobiography, Vol 1, and It might happen again, Vol 2 (William Heinemann, London, 1942); Defence after the War, reprinted from The Sunday Times (Cassell & Co, London, 1944)

Index terms
SUBJECTS strategy 1935-1940
PLACES North America 1920; South Asia 1938-1939

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