King's College London
Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives

King's College London
Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives

Survey of the Papers of Senior UK Defence Personnel, 1900-1975

Name
MARTEL, Sir Giffard Le Quesne (1889-1958), Lieutenant General

Service biography
Joined Royal Engineers 1909; France, World War I 1914-1918; Instructor, Staff College, Quetta, India 1930-1934; Imperial Defence College 1935; Assistant Director of Mechanization, War Office 1936-1938; Deputy Director of Mechanization, War Office 1938-1939; World War II 1939-1945; Commander, 50 (Northumbrian) Div Territorial Army 1939; Commander, RAC 1940; Head of Military Mission, Moscow, USSR 1943; retired 1945

Papers
LIDDELL HART CENTRE FOR MILITARY ARCHIVES: The papers of Capt Sir Basil Henry Liddell Hart include correspondence with Martel 1925-1959 (ref: LH 1/492); the papers of Maj Gen George Mackintosh Lindsay include a report by Martel as Instructor, Staff College, India, Nov 1932, on mechanisation (ref: LH 15/12); the papers of Maj Gen George Mackintosh Lindsay also include a report and letters from Martel, Sep-Oct 1934, on the development of a one-man armoured carrier (the 'mechanical coffin'), with photographs (ref: LH 15/12); the papers of Maj Gen George Mackintosh Lindsay papers also include a memorandum by Martel 1935, on the organisation of mobile troops (ref: LH 15/12); the papers of Maj Gen George Philip Bradley Roberts include correspondence with Martel IMPERIAL WAR MUSEUM, LONDON: Papers, chiefly 1936-1958 (ref: P240-245), including; correspondence and plans relating to Le Pont des Anglais, Soissons, France 1915; comments on a paper by Martel on defence 1936; orders, reports and correspondence relating to the activities of 50 Div 1938-1940; letters received by Martel 1941-1949. Writers include FM Bernard Law Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein and Hindhead, FM Archibald Percival Wavell,1st Earl Wavell and Sir Winston (Leonard Spencer) Churchill; correspondence with Maj Gen Richard London McCreery on armoured warfare in the Middle East, Apr-Aug 1942; letters from Capt Sir Basil Henry Liddell Hart on armoured warfare 1943-1952; correspondence, reports, maps and photographs relating to Martel's Military Mission to the USSR 1943-1944; correspondence relating to a history of the 50 Div 1947; articles and correspondence concerning the present state of the British Army, conscription, the Cold War, relations with Russia, relations with Germany and role for armoured warfare envisaged by the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) 1948-1952; Martel's report on a tour of Royal Engineers forces, Germany 1949; correspondence and articles on the USSR and communism 1949-1956; correspondence and press cuttings concerning the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) 1955-1957; reports, articles and press cuttings relating to the mechanisation of the British Army (ND); photographs of Royal Engineers experimental tanks, bridges and bridge laying equipment, chiefly 1919-1937

Publications
In the wake of the tank: the first fifteen years of mechanisation in the British Army (Sifton Praed, London, 1931); Our armoured forces: an account of their operations during the war of 1939-1945 (Faber & Faber, London, 1945); The problem of security (Michael Joseph, London, 1945); The Russian outlook (Michael Joseph, London, 1947); East versus West (Museum Press, London, 1952)

Index terms
SUBJECTS development of armoured warfare 1932-1952
PLACES North West Europe 1915; Russia 1943-1944; Soviet Union 1943-1944; North West Europe 1949
NAMES Gen Sir Charles Martel (father); Gen Sir Richard London McCreery 1942

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