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13 December 2021

New App Helps Military Service Members Consider Issues of Ethics In and Out of War

The King's Centre for Military Ethics and Case Western Reserve University have developed a free app to help military service members make more informed decisions

KCL Mil Ethics cards humanity

Military service members often endure high-pressure, life-or-death situations and suffer from excessive instances of work-related post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, and anxiety.

But tools like Military Ethics: Cards for Humanity, a new international app being offered free of charge by King’s College London’s Centre for Military Ethics and Case Western Reserve University’s Inamori International Center for Ethics and Excellence, can help military service members make more informed decisions and also process and manage their experiences.

Military Ethics: Cards for Humanity covers broad areas of military ethics carefully curated and developed by leading researchers, ethicists, and legal specialists with expertise in the Law of Armed Conflict and International Humanitarian Law. Originally developed as a physical deck of playing cards, the app prompts discussion and debate to encourage and normalize the open consideration of ethical challenges that arise in the military environment and in and out of combat: If a soldier is faced with an order they think is unjust, what should they do? Is there a difference between unjust and unlawful? Is it weakness to tell someone if you have been psychologically affected by combat?

Military ethics training embeds core skills of moral reasoning and directly supports military service members with ethical challenges faced broadly across the world. Military Ethics: Cards for Humanity equips military service members with tools that can be applied in real life to analyze ethically challenging circumstances and determine the best course of action during combat operations and humanitarian crises.

Each card and question a user draws is supplemented with additional prompts for background information, further questions for thought and discussion, and deeper explanations of the ethical issues through videos and reading materials. Groups of questions are thematically linked so impromptu or pre-planned discussions can quickly be developed using the app and supplemental open-access materials.

Military Ethics: Cards for Humanity, and the professional military ethics educational material it is based on, was beta tested by military personnel in Australia, Canada, Colombia, Egypt, France, Germany, Jordan, Sweden, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and the United States of America, amongst others from 2019 through 2021. More material is added on an ongoing basis to keep the conversation current and inclusive. The app will continue to grow and be refined with feedback from military and academic users.

A British military trainer called the cards “by far the best resources for generating conversations about ethics” he had come across in his 28 years in the Army.

Talking about ethics training and education, Brigadier Toby Rowland said

Time spent considering these issues as part of ongoing professional development and in particular prior to operational deployment definitely plays dividends later on.

The Military Ethics: Cards for Humanity app can be downloaded for free on Apple and Android operating systems and currently covers topics in English, Arabic, French, German, Spanish, Serbian, and Turkish, with more language options proposed for the future.

For more information, contact

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In this story

David Whetham

Professor of Ethics and the Military Profession