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Alfonso obtained his BA (Hons) in History and International Relations from the History and the War Studies departments at King’s College London, basing his dissertation on Britain’s foreign policy toward Spain in the 1830s as a case study to analyse Lord Palmerston’s broader grand strategy – based on realpolitik. In 2017, Alfonso published Limitando el poder, 1871-1939, a study of European diplomacy from Bismarck to Chamberlain which was followed, in 2018, by Los últimos gobernantes de Castilla, a short study on the origins of the early modern Spanish state.

Alfonso’s research project—entitled ‘The rise of British international order in the declining Spanish world, 1815-1865’—aims to investigate the strategies and policies through which nineteenth-century Britain forged an international order that was the embryo of the Anglo-Saxon order of the twentieth century. The project will study Britain’s absorption of a declining global structure – the Spanish World – in order to enhance its own version of international order in the post-1815 world. Britain’s relationship toward the Spanish world between 1815 and 1865 has been analysed by historiography through three separate lenses: diplomacy, informal economic imperialism, and political intermeddling. However, this project seeks to offer a combined version that will reveal that they were part of one grand strategy of international domination.

Primary Supervisor: Dr Maeve Ryan