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Dr Espinoza is a feminist researcher focused on women’s and indigenous’ rights in Latin America, particularly in Ecuador and the Andean region. Her work aims to understand how women interact with laws, institutions, and development projects. It considers women’s active involvement in the interpretation, confrontation, and adaptation to normative frameworks. In that sense, she is interested in how women react, adapt, and/or normalise behaviours to survive, endure or disrupt hierarchical and subordinative power structures. Her research follows a feminist and decolonial epistemology and relies on ethnographic and arts-based research methods. Dr Espinoza has an MSc in Latin American Development and a PhD in Gender and Development from King’s College London. Before working as an academic, she worked as a journalist in Ecuador (2009-2016).

Dr Espinoza doctoral research titled ‘Cuesta arriba y siguiendo el chaquiñán. Indigenous women’s path through violence in plurilegal Ecuador’ examines indigenous women’s interaction with two legal systems (state law and indigenous justice). It asks questions about indigenous justice, women’s rights, and inequality reproduction based on gendered and racialised expectations. As part of her research, she presented a photographic exhibition to open a discussion about hybridity in the Ecuadorian Andes. After finishing her PhD, she developed an arts-based research project titled ‘Portraying indigenous women: Between endurance and resistance’ funded by Visual Embodied Methodologies (VEM) network. Until September 2021, Dr Espinoza was a Visiting Research Associate in the Department of International Development at King’s College London.

In September 2021, Dr Espinoza joined the Department of War Studies at King’s College London as Lecturer in International Relations and Gender Education. In September 2022, she will be joining the ‘Connecting Three Worlds: Socialism, Medicine and Global Health After World War II’ research team as a postdoctoral fellow with a project enquiring how socialism has shaped and continues to shape sexual and reproductive health rights in Latin America, particularly in Ecuador and Peru. Currently, Dr Espinoza is working on an analysis of abortion, moral governance, and antigenderism in Latin America.  


Espinoza Carvajal, A. (2021) ‘COVID-19 and the Limitations of Official Responses to Gender-

Based Violence in Latin America: Evidence from Ecuador.’ Bulletin of Latin America Research, Special Issue on Covid in Latin America and the Caribbean

Espinoza Carvajal, A., Medina Cordova, L. ‘Building on Transnational Indigeneity: Representations of Ecuadorian Indigenous Peoples in Contemporary Literature and Photography’. (Submitted for the edited volume Indigenous Studies in and of Latin America, edited by Dr Tracy Devine Guzmán, University of Miami)

Research output:

Espinoza Carvajal, A., Diaz Arcos, D., Sefla, N. (2021) ‘Resistencias. Lugares, Tiempos y Espacios.’ Arts Cabinet [Online]

Espinoza Carvajal, A., Diaz Arcos, D., Sefla, N. (2021) ‘Historias que nos cuentan. Historias que nos contamos.’ Arts Cabinet [Online]

Espinoza Carvajal, A., Diaz Arcos, D., Sefla, N. (2020) ‘Before the Image.’ Arts Cabinet [Online]

Espinoza Carvajal, A. (2018) Hybridity and Identity. Research output: Non textual form– Photographic exhibition.

Further details

See Andrea's research profile