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Aniruddha holds a bachelor’s degree in Journalism and Communication Studies from the School of Communication, Manipal University acquiring fourth rank in his cohort. He was also awarded a DAAD Scholarship by the Institute to study for an exchange semester at Hochschule Bremen in Germany. From 2017 to 2018, he read for an International Relations MA degree at the Department of War Studies, King’s College London as a Sir Evelyn de Rothschild and Dr. Duncan Anderson scholar. Aniruddha attained an overall distinction, along with a high distinction in his master’s dissertation titled, “The North Korea-US nuclear affair of securitization: An analysis of norms from 2003 to 2017.” His PhD research is currently being funded by a King’s International Postgraduate Research Scholarship. He has also completed internships with the Indian Ministry of External Affairs (MEA), Observer Research Foundation (ORF) and the Centre for Studies in International Relations and Development (CSIRD).

Research Interests

  • Theories in International Relations: Knowledge building through Interpretivism (the intersection of Constructivist and International Sociological approaches, in particular)
  • Securitisation and norms: Ontological and nuclear approaches to security, identity construction, hierarchies and stigmatisation



Saha, A. 2019. “The India-Israeli Security Relationship: Nature, Scope and Challenges,” Strategic Analysis (online), 1-13. doi: 10.1080/09700161.2020.1700000.


Saha, A. 2020. “Modi’s ‘Aggressive’ India has Already Started Making Compromises to China”, July 08, Duck of Minerva. Available at:

Saha, A. 2020. “Revisiting India’s Normative Challenges to the Global Nuclear Order”, May 22, Eurasia Review. Available at:

Saha, A. 2020. “Race to Successful COVID Vaccine May Shape India’s Global Position”, May 22, The Quint. Available at:

Saha, A. 2020. “Indian students risk playing into Modi’s hands”, March 03, openDemocracy. Available at:

Saha, A. 2019. “Russia’s policy shifts towards the EU: Trends in the operating EU civil advocacy groups in Russia”, Discussion Paper 19, Centre for Studies in International Relations and Development, 1-16. Available at:


Interpreting Nuclear Norms: An India-US Case Study from 1974 to 2008 (Working Title)

While scholars (mainly from the Global North) in International Relations have been turning to a (critical) constructivist agenda in norms research, there have been an underutilisation in applying this area of research for understanding the nuclear behaviour and identity formations of ‘deviant’ states from the Global South. This thesis therefore asks: How do stigmatised states normatively justify their nuclear non-compliance? Using the India-US case study, this research argues that states which are stigmatised by the nuclear non-proliferation regime often justify their decision to go nuclear through interpretations of their inter-subjective security circumstances. Furthermore, the reactions of a stigmatised state that often emerge out of these circumstances are not static and undergo several transformations, by virtue of its interactions with the US-led non-proliferation regime. To demonstrate this, the project draws from normative approaches in nuclear politics, International Political Sociology and existing work on India’s foreign and nuclear policy. Under an interpretive methodology, the thesis uses an interactionist approach to further the concept of sociological deviance in international politics. For its empirical analysis of data, this work employs critical discourse analysis on archival sources. Therefore, this research aims to builds onto the scholarly work on international norms and stigmatisation and the research on India’s nuclear policy in relation to the US.


Dr. Hassan Elbahtimy (first supervisor); Dr. Stephan Engelkamp (second supervisor)