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Biography

Jennifer Howe is a PhD student at the Department of War Studies. Her research examines the under-explored relationship between truth commissions and violent extremism, with a particular focus on the ongoing conflict in Mindanao, Southern Philippines. Prior to joining King's, Jennifer was a resident Women, Peace and Security Fellow at the Pacific Forum, a US-based research institute focused on emerging security threats in the Indo-Pacific.

Her publications have investigated the impact of COVID-19 on conflict resolution and gender equality in Southeast Asia. She has also co-authored a series of papers on how the Biden administration could advance the implementation of Women, Peace and Security in the Indo-Pacific. Jennifer has presented her research to US State Department officials and at conferences. She holds an M.A. in Politics and International Relations from Durham University, where she assessed the relationship between human rights compliance and transitional justice in East Asia.

 

Research Interests

  • Transitional Justice
  • Women, Peace and Security
  • Gender Equality
  • Preventing and Countering Violent Extremism
  • Youth, Peace and Security
  • Conflict and Peacebuilding in Southeast Asia

Jennifer's research interests encompass truth and reconciliation, preventing and countering violent extremism (P/CVE), gender mainstreaming in P/CVE, progress towards implementing the Women, Peace and Security agenda within ASEAN, and conflict and peacebuilding in Southeast Asia.

 

Thesis

Truth-telling and Violent Extremism: An Analysis of the Philippine Transitional Justice and Reconciliation Commission

Transitional justice mechanisms are often promoted as tools for advancing peace and reconciliation. However, scholars and practitioners have been slow to evaluate the benefits and drawbacks of transitional justice in the face of violent extremism, despite the latter playing a pivotal role in many of today's armed conflicts. Only a handful of studies have explored the intersection of transitional justice and extremism, most of which focus on amnesties as a means of rehabilitating former combatants.

Consequently, there is a substantial gap in the literature concerning the use of truth-telling initiatives as preventative measures for extremism. My thesis directly addresses this gap by examining the 2014 Transitional Justice and Reconciliation Commission, established to uncover the root causes of the Bangsamoro conflict in Mindanao, Southern Philippines. The research investigates how effective the TJRC was in responding to extremism. In so doing, it identifies strengths and weaknesses in the TJRC's design and offers policy recommendations for truth commissions applied to other conflicts fuelled by extremism. 

Supervisors

  • Dr Rebekka Friedman
  • Professor Rachel Kerr

 

Publications