SUSS: Substance Use Sleep Scale
What is SUSS?
The Substance Use Sleep Scale (SUSS) is the first sleep measure designed specifically for people experiencing problems with alcohol or other drugs. It comprises 23 questions and 2 domains:
1. “Mind and Body Sleep Problems” and 2. “Substance-Related Sleep Problems.”
SUSS was developed with significant input from people who use substances. It can be used by them to monitor and reflect on their own sleep; by treatment providers to encourage and enable people who use substances to think about sleep and identify strategies for improving sleep; and by researchers and others as an outcome measure when designing and implementing sleep interventions for people who use substances.
How to score SUSS
Scoring of SUSS is simple. Each question scores ‘0’ (if the response in ‘no’) or ‘1’ (if the response is ‘yes’). This means it is possible to score between 0 and 23 (where lower scores denote better sleep and higher scores denote worse sleep).
How to complete SUSS
Watch this video to see how to complete SUSS.
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The development and validation of SUSS was undertaken with financial support from Action on Addiction and the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Biomedical Research Centre for Mental Health at South London, Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, and King’s College London.
Neale, J. and Strang, J. (2015) ‘Blending qualitative and quantitative research methods to optimise patient reported outcome measures (PROMS)’, Editorial, Addiction 110, 1215-1216.
Neale, J. and Strang, J. (2015) ‘Philosophical ruminations on measurement: methodological orientations of patient reported outcome measures (PROMS)’, Editorial, Journal of Mental Health 24, 123-125.
Nettleton, S., Meadows, R. and Neale, J. (2017) ‘Disturbing sleep and sleepfulness during recovery from substance dependence in residential rehabilitation settings’, Sociology of Health and Illness 39, 784-798.
Meadows, R., Nettleton, S. and Neale, J. (2017) ‘Sleep waves and recovery from drug and alcohol dependence: towards a rhythmanalysis of sleep in residential treatment’, Social Science and Medicine 184, 124-133.
Neale, J., Bouteloup, A., Getty, M., Hogan, C., Lennon, P., Mc Cusker, M., and Strang, J. (2017) ‘Why we should conduct research in collaboration with people who use alcohol and other drugs’, Editorial, Addiction 112, 2084-2085.
Neale, J., Meadows, R., Nettleton, S., Panebianco, D., Strang, J., Vitoratou, S. and Marsden, J. (accepted, in press) ‘Substance use, sleep and intervention design: insights from qualitative data’, Journal of Mental Health.
Neale, J., Vitoratou, S., Lennon, P., Meadows, R., Nettleton, S., Panebianco, D., Strang, J. and Marsden, J. (2018) ‘Development and early validation of a patient reported outcome measure to assess sleep amongst people experiencing problems with alcohol or other drugs’, Sleep 41 (4).
Please let us know if you are using SUSS.
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