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Conflict, Security & Development Research Group



Atrocities & Violence in Conflict

  • Jana Krause, ‘Revisiting Protection from Conflict-Related Sexual Violence: Actors, Victims, and Power’. in: Gizelis, T-I. and L. Olsson (eds): Gender, Peace and Security: Implementing UNSCR 1325. (Routledge, 2015).

  • Kieran Mitton, Rebels in a Rotten State: Understanding Atrocity in the Sierra Leone Civil War (Hurst/Oxford University Press, 2015).
  • Reinoud Leenders, 'The onset of the Syrian uprising and the origins of violence', in Burnell, Randall & Rakner (eds) Politics in the Developing World (Oxford University Press, 2014).
  • Kieran Mitton, ‘Irrational Actors and the Process of Brutalisation: Understanding Atrocity in the Sierra Leonean Conflict (1991–2002)’, Civil Wars, Volume 14, Issue 1, March 2012.
  • Preeti Patel & S. Solangon, 'Sexual violence against men in countries affected by armed conflict', Journal of Conflict, Security and Development, 12, 4, p. 417-442, Sept. 2012.
  • Domitilla Sagramoso, 'Violence and Conflict in the Russian North Caucasus’, International Affairs, July 2007, vol. 83, issue 4, pp. 681-705.
  • Mats Berdal, ‘The UN, Peacebuilding and the Genocide in Rwanda’, in Global Governance, 11:1 (January-March 2005)

Disarmament, Demobilisation and Reintegration (DDR)

  • Mats Berdal & David H. Ucko, ‘Introduction to the DDR Forum: Rethinking the Reintegration of Former Combatants,’ International Peacekeeping, 20:3 (2013).
  • Kieran Mitton, Where is the War? Explaining Peace in Sierra Leone’, International Peacekeeping, 20:3 (2013).
  • Sabiiti Mutengesa, ‘Facile Acronyms and Tangled Processes: A Re-Examination of the 1990s ‘DDR’ In Uganda’, International Peacekeeping, 20:3 (2013).
  • Tom H. J. Hill, ‘The Deception of Victory: The JVP in Sri Lanka and the Long-Term Dynamics of Rebel Reintegration’,International Peacekeeping, 20:3 (2013)
  • Alex Vines, ‘Renamo's Rise and Decline: The Politics of Reintegration in Mozambique’, International Peacekeeping, 20:3 (2013).
  • Matt Bryden & Jeremy Brickhill, ‘Disarming Somalia: Lessons in Stabilisation from a Collapsed State’, Conflict, Security & Development, 10:2 (2010).
  • Mats Berdal & David Ucko (eds), Reintegrating Armed Groups after Conflict: Politics, Violence and Transition (Abdingdon: Routledge, 2009).
  • David Ucko, ‘Militias, Tribes and Insurgents: The Challenge of Political Reintegration in Iraq’, Conflict, Security & Development, 8:3 (2008).
  • Kieran Mitton, ‘Engaging disengagement: The political reintegration of Sierra Leone's Revolutionary United Front’, Conflict, Security & Development, 8:2 (2008).
  • Alex Vines & Bereni Oruitemeka, ‘Bullets to ballots: The reintegration of UNITA in Angola’, Conflict, Security & Development, 8:2 (2008).
  • Alexandra Guaqueta, 'The Way Back In: Reintegrating Illegal Armed Groups in Colombia Then and Now', Conflict, Security & Development, 7:3 (2007).
  • Anna Borzello, ‘The Challenge of DDR in Northern Uganda: The Lord’s Resistance Army’, Conflict, Security & Development, 7:3 (2007).
  • Zoe Marriage, 'Flip-flop rebel, dollar soldier; Demobilisation in the Democratic Republic of Congo', Conflict, Security & Development, 7:2 (2007).
  • Stina Torjesen & Prof. S. Neil MacFarlane, 'R before D: the case of post conflict reintegration in Tajikistan', Conflict, Security & Development , 7:2 (2007). 

Peacekeeping & Peacebuilding

  • Mats Berdal & David Ucko, 'The Use of Force in UN Peacekeeping Operations: Problems and Prospects, The RUSI Journal, Vol. 160, Issue 1, 2015.
  • Mats Berdal & David Ucko, 'The United Nations and the Use of Force: Between Promise and Peril', Journal of Strategic Studies, Vol. 37, Issue 5, 2014.
  • Dylan Hendrickson, Security Sector Reform and Burma’s Political Transition, Report commissioned by the UK Stabilisation Unit, Feb. 2014.
  • Dylan Hendrickson, Dealing with Complexity in Peace Negotiations: Reflections on the LRA and the Juba Peace Process, report commissioned by Conciliation Resources, Jan 2012.
  • Mats Berdal and Astri Suhrke (eds), The Peace In Between: Postwar Violence and Peacebuilding, (London: Routledge, 2011).
  • Sarah von Billerbeck, “Whose Peace? Local Ownership and UN Peacebuilding,” The Future of Statebuilding: Ethics, Power and Responsibility in International Relations, Conference Proceedings, University of Westminster, 9-11 October 2009.Special Issue of the Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding, 2011.
  • Mats Berdal and Achim Wennmann (eds), Ending War, Consolidating Peace: Economic Perspectives (Abingdon: Routledge for IISS, 2010).
  • David H. Ucko, ‘Peace-building after Afghanistan: Between Promise and Peril’, Contemporary Security Policy, 31:3 (2010).
  • Mats Berdal, Building Peace after War (Abdingdon: Routledge, 2009).
  • Antonio Giustozzi, ‘Bureaucratic façade and political realities of disarmament and demobilisation in Afghanistan’, Conflict, Security & Development, 8:2 (2008).
  • Zoe Marriage and Mats Berdal, eds. Ambiguous agreements: Aid in negotiating processes, a Special Issue of the Journal of Conflict Security and Development, 8:1 (2008).
  • Mats Berdal, 'Consolidating Peace in the Aftermath of War - Reflections on 'Post-Conflict Peace-Building' from Bosnia to Iraq', in John Andreas Olsen, ed., On New Wars (Oslo: Norwegian Institute for Defence Studies, 2007).
  • Sarah von Billerbeck, “Guinea: An Island of Stability?” Georgetown Journal of International Affairs, Issue 7.1, Winter/Spring 2006.

Policy Briefs


The Politics of Repression

  • Steven heydemann and Reinoud Leenders (eds), Middle East Authoritarianisms: Governance, Contestation, and Regime Resilience in Syria and Iran, (Stanford University Press: 2013)
  • Reinoud Leenders, “Prosecuting Political Dissent: Courts and the Resilience of Authoritarianism in Baathist Syria,” in: Middle East Authoritarianisms: Governance, Contestation, and Regime Resilience in Syria and Iran. (Steven Heydemann and Reinoud Leenders, eds). (Stanford University Press: 2013).
  • Steven Heydemann and Reinoud Leenders, “Authoritarian Learning and Authoritarian Resilience: Regime Responses to the 'Arab Awakening'”, Globalizations, Vol. 8 (5), 2011, 647-653. 
  • Steven Heydemann and Reinoud Leenders, “Authoritarian Learning and Counter-Revolution,” in: Marc Lynch (ed), The Arab Uprisings in Comparative Perspective, (Columbia University Press: forthcoming).
  • Reinoud leenders, “How the Syrian Regime Outsmarted Its Enemies”, Current History, (December 2013).
  • Reinoud Leenders, “The Onset of the Syrian Uprising and the Origins of Violence,” in: Politics in the Developing World. (Vicky Randall and Lise Rakner, eds). (Oxford University Press, new edition: forthcoming)
  • Reinoud Leenders, “Strong States in A Troubled Region: Anatomies of a Middle Eastern Regional Conflict Formation,” Comparative Social Research, special issue on State Failure and Regional Security, Vol. 27, 2010, 171-196.

Power after Peace: The Political Economy of Post-Conflict International Statebuilding


  • Mats Berdal and Dominic Zaum, eds., Political Economy of State-building: Power After Peace. (Abingdon: Routledge, 2012).
  • Christine Cheng, Post-Conflict Transitions and Extralegal Groups. (Under contract with Oxford University Press).
  • Sarah von Billerbeck “Aiding the State or Aiding Corruption? Aid and Corruption in Post-Conflict Countries,” in Christine Cheng and Dominik Zaum (eds.), Post-Conflict Peacebuilding and Corruption: Selling the Peace?, London: Routledge, 2011.
  • Christine Cheng and Dominik Zaum, “Corruption in Post-Conflict Transitions and the Role of Natural Resources” in C. Bruch, W.C. Muffett, and S. Nichols, Governance, Natural Resources, and Post-Conflict Peacebuilding (forthcoming, Routledge).
  • Christine Cheng, “Private and Public Interests – Informal Actors, Informal Influence, and Economic Order after War” in M. Berdal and D. Zaum, Political Economy of State-building: Power After Peace. (Abingdon: Routledge, 2012).
  • Mats Berdal, ‘The “New Wars” Thesis Revisited’, in Hew Strachan and Sibylle Scheipers (eds), The Changing Character of War (Oxford University Press, 2011).
  • Mats Berdal, ‘Beyond Greed and Grievance - and not too soon . . .’, Review of International Studies, 31:3 (2005).
  • Mats Berdal, ‘How “New” are “New Wars”? - Global Economic Change and the Study of Civil wars’, Global Governance, 9:4 (2003).
  • Mats Berdal and Monica Serrano, eds. Business as Usual? Transnational Organised Crime and International Security, (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, June 2002).
  • Mats Berdal and David Malone, eds. Greed and Grievance: Economic Agendas in Civil Wars (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, May 2000)

 Women, Peace and Security
  • Jana Krause, ‘A Wealth of Expertise and Lived Experience: Conversations between International Women Peace Activists at the ‘Women Lead to Peace Summit’ preceding the Geneva II Peace Talks on Syria, January 2014’, International Feminist Journal of Politics, 17:2 (‘conversations’ article), (with Cynthia Enloe), 2015.
  • Jana Krause, ‘Gender Equality and Post-Conflict Reconstruction: Revisiting Gender Mainstreaming in Research and Policy’, in: Gizelis, T-I. and L. Olsson (eds) Gender, Peace and Security: Implementing UNSCR 1325. Routledge, (with Theodora-Ismene Gizelis) 2015.
  • Funmi Olonisakin, Karen Barnes and Eka Ikpe (eds), Women, Peace and Security - Translating Policy into Practice (Abingdon: Routledge, 2010).

Conflict, Security and Development: Identifying Gaps in Policy & Research

  • Ken Menkhaus, ‘Vicious circles and the security development nexus in Somalia', Conflict, Security & Development, 4:2 (August 2004).
  • Neil S. MacFarlane, 'Security and development in the Caucasus', Conflict, Security & Development, 4:2 (August 2004).
  • Olivier Roy, 'Development and political legitimacy: the cases of Iraq and Afghanistan', Conflict, Security & Development, 4:2 (August 2004).

Other Publications

  • Domitilla Sagramoso, Russian Imperialism Revisited
    Neo-Empire, State Interests and Hegemonic Power
    (Routledge, forthcoming).
  • Catherine Scott, State Failure in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Crisis of Post-Colonial Order (I.B.Tauris, 2017).

  • Oisin Tansey, 'Evaluating The Legacies of State-building: East Timor in Comparative Perspective', International Studies Quarterly, Vol. 58, No.1, 2014.
  • David H. Ucko, ‘Counterinsurgency in El Salvador: the lessons and limits of the indirect approach’, Small Wars & Insurgencies, 24:4 (2013).
  • Astri Suhrke and Mats Berdal (eds), The Peace In Between: Post-War Violence and Peacebuilding (Abingdon: Routledge, 2011).
  • Oisin Tansey, Regime-Building: Democratization and International Administration (Oxford University Press, 2009).
  • Anatol Lieven, ‘The War in Afghanistan: Its Background and Future Prospects’, Conflict, Security & Development, 9:3 (2009).
  • David H. Ucko, ‘Beyond Clear-Hold-Build: Rethinking Local-Level Counterinsurgency after Afghanistan’, Contemporary Security Policy, 2013.
  • David. H. Ucko, ‘The Five Fallacies of Clear-Hold-Build Counter-Insurgency, Governance and Development at the Local Level’, The RUSI Journal, 158: 3 (2013).
  • David H. Ucko, The New Counterinsurgency Era: Transforming the U.S. Military for Modern Wars (Washington DC: Georgetown University Press, 2009).
  • Funmi Olonisakin, Peacekeeping in Sierra Leone: The Story of UNAMSIL, (Boulder and London: Lynne Reinner, 2008).
  • David H. Ucko, ‘Innovation or Inertia: The U.S. Military and the Learning of Counterinsurgency’, Orbis, 52:2 (Spring 2008).
  • David Ucko, ‘US Counterinsurgency in the Information Age’, Jane's Intelligence Review, 17:10 (December 2005).
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