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Arthur Burns is Professor of Modern British History and served as Head of Department between 2004 and 2008 and Vice-Dean of the Faculty of Arts and Humanities (Education) 2014-17. He is currently academic director of the Georgian Papers Programme.

Primarily a historian of later Hanoverian and Victorian Britain, Arthur Burns engages with the history of the Church of England over a much longer period, notably through his pioneering involvement in digital humanities. He also co-directed an innovative knowledge transfer project involving historians, archives and the Church of England. He co-founded the Boydell and Brewer monograph series Studies in Modern British Religious History, which has now published more than 35 volumes on this theme. Arthur Burns studied for both his undergraduate degree and doctorate at Balliol College, Oxford. Prior to joining King’s in 1992, he combined teaching at Mansfield College, Oxford with a post as sub-editor of Past and Present.

Research interests and PhD supervision

  • Modern British religion since 1750
  • Hanoverian and early Victorian Britain
  • The Georgian papers

Arthur Burns’ chief area of publication has been the institutional and cultural history of English religion since the mid-eighteenth century, with a particular focus on the Church of England. He is currently writing a book on the extraordinary history of Christian Socialism over the course of the twentieth century in the single parish of Thaxted in Essex, covering amongst other things the famous incumbency of Conrad Noel, its connections with cultural activity ranging from arts and crafts furniture via morris dancing to the music of Gustav Holst, the Cambridge scientist and historian Joseph Needham, and one of the first gay clergy to be open about his sexual orientation, Peter Elers. This project reflects wider interests in representations (in both senses) of the national church in modern Britain, and in the church’s role as an institution mediating between the national and local, both themes of his first book, The Diocesan Revival in the Church of England (1999), and which also featured prominently in his contribution to and co-editing of the award-winning St Paul’s: The Cathedral Church of London 604-2004 (Yale University Press, 2004). Since 1999 Arthur Burns has been a director of The Clergy of the Church of England Database, 1540-1835, a pioneering web-based initiative which charts the careers of all Anglican clergy in England and Wales from the Reformation to the mid-nineteenth century. Arthur Burns has also published on the dynamics of reform in Hanoverian Britain (Rethinking the Age of Reform: Britain 1780-1850, coedited with Joanna Innes, 2003) and the history of walking.  As academic director of the Georgian Papers Programme, he is also currently focusing on the later Hanoverian period of British history.

For more details, please see his full research profile.


Arthur Burns contributes both to the teaching of the overall history of Modern Britain and of historical skills at all levels. He also teaches courses reflecting his own research interests in modern British religion and the history of later Hanoverian Britain, including innovative modules working with archivists which place students at the heat of the Georgian papers programme which he directs.

Expertise and public engagement

From 2012 to 2016 Professor Burns was Vice President (Education) of the Royal Historical Society. He is now President of the Church of England Record Society, having previously served as treasurer and council member for many years. He is a convenor of the British History in the Long Eighteenth Century Seminar at the Institute of Historical Research. Professor Burns has appeared on television, notably in Tony Palmer’s film about Gustav Holst, In the Bleak Midwinter, and discussing Patsy Kensit’s clerical ancestor in Who Do You Think You Are?; more recently he was seen in the BBC documentary George III: The Genius of the Mad King, screened on BBC2 in 2017. Burns gives frequent public talks and all his research has a strong public engagement, notably his current work for the Georgian Papers Programme and his involvement in the public Clergy of the Church of England Database 1540-1835.