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Charlotte is a PhD Candidate at the War Studies Department at King’s College London. Her research focuses on the application of archaeological methods- material and landscape studies- to analyse Cold War ‘Intelligence Culture’ of the BRIXMIS mission in East Germany.           

Charlotte’s background lies within archaeology, focusing on 20th century conflict. She has conducted extensive fieldwork on the Spanish Civil War, as an Assistant Supervisor with the Archaeology of Violence in Asturias Group, as well as a largescale research project analyzing the First World War and archaeology . With an MA degree in Public Archaeology, she brought themes of conflict to consider tourism, museums, and public engagement. Her work brought her to create a First World War archaeology website, documenting findings and serving as an information and tourism platform for the public visiting the Western Front.

Having maintained interest towards intelligence studies over the years, she was keen to apply her skills of archaeology and military history to the study of intelligence during conflict. Her PhD proposes methods of experimental archaeology, typology, spatial theory, and concepts  of landscape and airscape to assess the ‘Intelligence Culture’ of BRIXMIS, with the aim to expand these methods into studies of contemporary intelligence.

Charlotte’s research interests in an overall scope include intelligence culture, material studies of modern conflict and intelligence (First/Second World War, Cold War, and contemporary), military and archaeology relations, and covert archaeology.

Doctoral Research

The Archeology of Cold War Intelligence: Material and Landscape Studies of the BRIXMIS ‘Intelligence Culture’

Charlotte’s  PhD proposes to analyse the intelligence culture of BRIXMIS operations within Cold War Germany through archaeological methods of material and landscape studies. Archaeology, by definition, is the study of past cultures through material. The study of ‘Intelligence Culture’ is a topic within the Intelligence field, and this ‘culture’ has not yet been considered through material analysis. She is applying methods of experimental archaeology, typology, spatial theory, and concepts  of landscape and airscape to assess the ‘Intelligence Culture’ of BRIXMIS. These methods are applied to the various material representing BRIXMIS—these include reconnaissance vehicles, kit equipment material, bunker sites, and the landscape of restricted zones enforced throughout East Germany.

Research Interests

Cold War Intelligence in Germany; Intelligence culture studied through material; Military/Archaeology Relations; Conflict Archaeology and Material Studies (WW1, WW2, Cold War, and contemporary conflict)


Professor Michael Goodman; Dr. Tim Stephens