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I am a Lecturer in War Studies Online at King’s College London and War Studies Online Academic Director Programme Director for MA War in the Modern World and MA Air Power in the Modern World,

I hold a BA in History and Philosophy from Lancaster University and an MSc and PhD in International History from the London School of Economics and Political Science. I have worked as a Tutorial Fellow and Lecturer in the Department of International History at the London School of Economics and been a Fellow at the Cold War Studies Centre/IDEAS. My research interests include British foreign and defence policy, signals intelligence and the Cold War, especially the interplay between Cold War, nationalism and anti-colonialism in conflicts in the Middle East and South East Asia;. My book, Britain and the Confrontation with Indonesia, 1960-1966, was published by I.B. Tauris in 2004. I am currently writing a monograph on Indonesia in the Cold War and researching Soviet military involvement in the 1962 West Irian Crisis.

Research Interests

My current research covers:

  • The Cold War
  • Conflict in the Middle East and South East Asia
  • British foreign and defence policy
  • Signals intelligence


Forthcoming Monograph

Britain and the Confrontation with Indonesia, 1960-1966, (London: I.B.Tauris, 2004).

For a list of publications please visit the Research Portal


I currently teach the following MA modules:

  • Intelligence in War and Peace
  • History of Contemporary Warfare 1: the Early Cold War, 1945-1975
  • History of Contemporary Warfare 2: from Cold War to War on Terror, 1975-2011

My previous teaching includes:

  • European Security
  • Middle Eastern Security
  • The Cold War and Third World Revolutions, 1960-1991 (LSE)
  • Crisis Decision-Making in War and Peace, 1914-1991 (LSE)

Expertise and Public Engagement

I am currently focused on Indonesia in the Cold War. At present I am working on the following projects:

1. ‘Soviet military involvement in the 1962 West Irian Crisis’. This paper examines Soviet military support for the Indonesian campaign to take West Irian (Dutch New Guinea) from Holland. It shows that in addition to supplying large amounts of military equipment, the Soviets were willing to crew Indonesian submarines and jet bombers. Furthermore, Moscow appears to have actively encouraged Indonesia to go to war with Holland over West Irian in 1962. The paper concludes by assessing the reasons for the USSR’s aggressive policy in the West Irian Crisis.

2. ‘Living Dangerously: Sukarno’s Indonesia in the Cold War, 1957-1967’. This monograph looks at the impact of the Cold War on Indonesia from the Outer Islands Rebellions to the removal of Sukarno in 1967. It analyses the policies of President Sukarno and Indonesia’s relations with the superpowers and regional powers, such as Britain, China, Australia and Malaysia. It considers why Sukarno aligned Indonesia with the USSR and communist China and examines how the Western powers sought to oppose him. By examining issues such as CIA support for the rebels in the 1957-58 rebellions, the West Irian Crisis, Konfrontasi, the anti-communist mass killings of 1965-66 and the army’s seizure of power, the book shows that Indonesia was both an subject and object in the Cold War, Sukarno sought to achieve his external and internal goals by exploiting the Cold War international environment but he eventually fell victim to pressures from the Western powers and his domestic right wing. Indonesia thus provides an interesting case study of how the Cold War affected Developing States and interacted with decolonisation and anti-imperialism. ”

PhD Supervision

I am happy to supervise PhD students in the following subject areas:

  • Intelligence
  • The Cold War