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Professor Tracey German is a Reader in the Defence Studies Department. Her research focuses on Russian foreign and security policies, particularly Russia’s use of force in the post-Soviet space, conflict and security in the Caucasus and Caspian regions, and the impact of NATO/EU enlargement on Russia’s relations with its neighbours.

Prior to joining Defence Studies in 2004, she taught at RMA Sandhurst and the University of Aberdeen, and spent several years as a research manager for a business intelligence company, specialising in energy security in Russia and the post-Soviet states. She speaks Russian and has travelled extensively across the post-Soviet area.

She is an Associate Fellow at RUSI.


Research Interests

  • Russian foreign and security politics
  • Russian views of the changing character of conflict
  • Russian strategic thought and its use of force in the post-Soviet era
  • Conflict and security in the Caucasus and Caspian regions

Her current research explores Russian views of the changing character of conflict and what lessons Russia has drawn from Western military activity over the past two decades.



Research Articles

  • Harnessing Protest Potential: Russian strategic culture and the coloured revolutions’, Contemporary Security Policy, May 2020 DOI: 10.1080/13523260.2020.1757251
  • ‘A legacy of conflict: Kosovo, Russia and the West’, Comparative Strategy, Vol 38, No 5, October 2019, DOI: 10.1080/01495933.2019.1653040
  • ‘Re-visioning war and the state in the twenty-first century’, guest editor of International Affairs special issue, Vol 95, No 4, July 2019, pp. 759-764
  • ‘The (re)-politicisation of international relations in the post-Soviet space’, East European Politics, May 2019, DOI: 10.1080/21599165.2019.1614920
  • ‘NATO and the enlargement debate: enhancing Euro-Atlantic security or inciting confrontation?’, International Affairs, Vol. 93, No. 2, March 2017, pp. 291-308


  • The Ukrainian Crisis: the role of, and implications for, sub-state and non-state actors (Abingdon: Routledge, 2017). Edited with Emmanuel Karagiannis

Book chapters

  • ’Russia-Chechnya: from National Liberation to Deterrence Stability’ in Deterring Terrorism: A Model for Strategic Deterrence (New York: Routledge, 2018), pp. 159-180. ISBN 978-1-138-24060-5
  • ’Pipeline Politics: the South Caucasus and European energy security’ in The South Caucasus – Security, Energy and Europeanisation (Abingdon: Routledge, 2018), pp. 181-195. ISBN 978-1-138-85863-3
  • ‘Russia's Energy Power’ in Assessing Russia's Power: a report. Natasha Kuhrt & Valentina Feklyunina (eds.), 2017. p. 25-28.

Tracey German PURE Profile



MA Special Subject

  • Russian Foreign Policy and the Post-Soviet Space
  • The Return of Great Power Politics (co-taught with Dr Zeno Leoni)

PhD Supervision

  • Amine Ghoulidi ‘Resource (in)security: examining the EU’s conceptualisation of phosphate security and its vulnerability to supply risks associated with Russia’s newfound phosphate market position’
  • Amund Osflaten ‘The Russian Way of Regular Land Warfare: A Comparative Case-study of Three Major Russian Operations after the Cold War’
  • John Pennell ‘Russia’s Actions in Ukraine and Syria within the context of the changing character of warfare’
  • James Ridley-Jones ‘Great Power Geostrategy in Central Asia’
  • Robert Seely ‘Warfare or influence? An examination of contemporary Russian warfare’
  • Kim Woehlk ‘A Realist-constructivism analysis of NATO-Russia relations from 2000-2018’