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Professor Ilana Löwy is Research Director at the French National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS). Trained as a biologist and as a historian of science and medicine, her research focuses on the relationship between laboratory investigations and clinical practices during the twentieth century. This includes the bacteriological revolution; the history of bacteriology and immunology; the history of medicine and the biomedical sciences in 'peripheral' countries (Latin American and Eastern European countries); and gender and biomedicine.

In addition, she has a long-standing interest in the epistemology developed by Ludwik Fleck. Her research also makes apparent that such risk is shaped by the activities of doctors, researchers, public health experts, charities and activists. 


  • History of medicine and of biomedical sciences
  • Biomedicine in Brazil
  • Biology, medicine and gender

Lowy contributes to the Department of Global Health & Social Medicine with her current research on the history of cancer risk. This research shows that cancer is linked in complex ways to developments in diagnostic cytology, biopsy, surgery, prevention, tumour classification, epidemiological studies, campaigns and routine screening for cancers of the ontogenetic.