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Dr Paul Segal is a Reader in Economics. He is an economist researching global inequality and poverty, the economics of resource-rich countries, and the economic history of Argentina and Mexico. He is also a Visting Research Fellow at the International Inequalities Institute at the LSE, where he also contributes to the Atlantic Fellows Programme.

Since completing his DPhil at Nuffield College, Oxford, Paul has been a Research Fellow at the Oxford Institute for Energy Studies and Lecturer in Economics at the University of Sussex. Prior to his doctoral studies, he was a Research Fellow at Harvard University, working on global inequality, and a Consultant Economist at the United Nations Development Programme (as part of the core team writing the Human Development Report 2002).

He was also a Leverhulme Research Fellow, working on new approaches to inequality, a Visiting Scholar at the Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económicas (CIDE), Mexico City, and a Visiting Scholar at the National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

For teaching, Paul uses 'CORE: The economy', a new approach to teaching economics based on recent developments in economics and other social sciences, that grounds economic interactions in society, institutions and history.


Paul's research focuses on the economics of inequality, from several perspectives. His papers with Sudhir Anand on global inequality have become standard references in the field. He also pioneered the use of the new top incomes data in the estimation of global inequality and produced the first estimates of the incomes and locations of the global income rich.

In his work on inequality and development, he has looked at the relationship between income distribution and natural resources. In ongoing work (with Ingrid Bleynat and Amilcar Challú), he is analysing the long-run evolution of inequality in Mexico, demonstrating that during two centuries of economic development, typical wages less than doubled, while GDP per capita rose over eight times. Based on new and more rigorous data, they are proposing a re-evaluation of the history of inequality in Latin America.



  • 4YYD003 Economic Analysis of Emerging Economies

PhD supervision

Paul welcomes applications from research students who wish to work on economic inequality.

Principal supervisor

Further details

See Paul's research profile