Skip to main content

Facilitating Bystander Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) Training in high-risk areas study

We know that if someone nearby knows how to do CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation) and use a machine to restart their heart, it can be the difference between life and death for someone who has a cardiac arrest.

In some areas, people are more likely to have a cardiac arrest combined with less chance of a bystander doing CPR before an ambulance arrives. We are calling these high-risk areas, which are often poorer and have a mix of people from diverse communities living there.

We want to listen to people from high-risk areas to work out why this is happening and find out:

  • Things that stop people from helping someone having a cardiac arrest
  • Things that would help them get involved

We will come up with and test solutions to help bystanders help a person who is having a cardiac arrest.

The study has three parts using the following methods:

  1. Realist synthesis, informed by the Theoretical Domains Framework, of published literature and data from workshops with people from communities with characteristics of high-risk areas.
  2. Theoretically informed intervention development building on the synthesis findings.
  3. Realist implementation evaluation with embedded feasibility in up to six English high-risk areas.

Access the University of Warwick FACT study webpage


In collaboration with people from Black African and Caribbean and South Asian communities in more deprived areas we aim to:

  1. Identify reasons for low bystander resuscitation rates in those communities living in high-risk areas through literature and primary evidence synthesis
  2. Develop, implement, and evaluate theoretically informed interventions.

Our Partners

Uni of Warwick  logo

University of Warwick