Florence Nightingale pioneered applied statistics as a powerful tool for reform.
She famously transformed the British hospitals in Turkey during the Crimean War, turning chaotically run medical camps into efficient hospitals with mortality rates no greater than civilian hospitals in England. Using applied statistics and novel graphics, she campaigned for fundamental change in the British military medical system.
Her statistics showed that improved sanitation was vital to reduce the morality rates among British troops and developed the ‘coxcomb graph’ which she said was designed “to affect thro’ the eyes what we fail to convey to the public through their word-proof ears.”
Diagrams of the mortality in the army in the East' '1. April 1854 to March 1855' '2. April 1855 to March 1856'
In 1859 Florence Nightingale was elected the first female member of the Royal Statistical Society .
This year, the Florence Nightingale School of Nursing & Midwifery celebrates its 150th anniversary.