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ADMMH Research

Intervention Studies


Principal Investigators: Professor Neil Greenberg and Professor Nicola Fear
Study Co-ordinator:        Dr Kathleen Mulligan
Researcher:                     Major Norman Jones

The BATTLEMIND Study is a randomised controlled trial to examine the effectiveness of a US developed post deployment psycho-educational process for UK troops. For US troops it appears that BATTLEMIND may be of benefit to troops deployed to high threat operational theatres in terms of mental health and stigma. The UK study will examine whether an anglicised version of the BATTLEMIND intervention will be of benefit to UK troops.

This training program was developed in the US by the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (WRAIR), Washington D.C. and modified for the UK

by the Academic Centre for Defence Mental Health, King’s College London.

To view our booklet "BATTLEMIND - Returning Home from Deployment", please click here.

To view our booklet "BATTLEMIND - Newsletter", please click here 

Trauma Risk Management (TRiM)

Principal Investigators: Professor Neil Greenberg
Collaborators:                  Victoria Langston, Professor Sir Simon Wessely
Project Consultant:         Lisa Hull
DSTL:                                  Paul Cawkill

This study examined the effectiveness of the Trauma Risk Management (TRiM) system by looking at the psychological health, stigma and occupational functioning of 12 Royal Navy Warships, six of which were provided with TRiM training. It represented the first ever mental health RCT carried out in the UK Armed Forces and was funded by the Ministry of Defence (MoD) through the Defence Science and Technology Laboratory (DSTL).

The study team surveyed all the vessels prior to the Royal Navy’s TRiM training team providing six of the vessels with training. Allocation to either group was random. Surveys consisted of quantitative questionnaires and semi-structured interviews with 30 personnel on each of the ships. The study aimed to test the hypotheses that TRiM would: a) not be harmful to mental health; b) would have a positive effect in terms of stigma and c) would be neutral or beneficial in terms of occupational functioning. The main results of the study were recently published in the Journal of Traumatic Stress and supplementary papers have either been published or are in press.

The study found that TRiM was not harmful, was well accepted and had a modest beneficial effect on the organisational functioning within the TRiM trained ships. There were no noted effects on stigma. The results of this study paved the way for the United Kingdom Armed Forces to roll out TRiM on a pan-defence footing and it is now being used in operational theatres around the world as well as being used by various other organisations including the UK emergency services. TRiM training has also been accredited by the European Society for Traumatic Stress Studies as counting towards the certificate in psychotraumatology.



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