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KCMHR Research

The Longer Term Consequences of Alcohol Misuse

Principal Investigator: Dr Laura Goodwin


  • Professor Nicola T Fear
  • Professor Sir Simon Wessely
  • Professor Sabine Landau
  • Professor Paul McCrone
  • Dr Richard Hayes

This study will use data from phases 1 (2004-6) and 2 (2007-9) of the KCMHR Health & Well-being study, in addition to new information from hospital records.

It will involve a data linkage of information previously provided in the questionnaire to hospital records (but only for participants who have previously consented for the research team to access their medical records). It will aim to identify the future health care needs of the UK military (serving and ex-serving).

There are a number of reasons why the healthcare needs of serving and ex-serving personnel may differ to the general population:


  • they are exposed to a range of stressful event
  • the Armed Forces has a unique culture whereby some personnel are both physically fit but also drink heavily
  •  alcohol misuse is reported by 13% of personnel which is higher than in the general population

Hospitals in the UK record all outpatient, inpatient and accident and emergency visits. However, they cannot identify whether or not an individual is (or was) in the military. This study will be able to identify who currently is (or was) in the UK Armed Forces in these healthcare records, by linking them to data from the Health & Well-being Study.

This study will use this information to answer a number of questions: 


  1.  What are the most common physical conditions and accidents/injuries reported in the military?
  2. Are alcohol misuse and mental health associated with hospital visits for physical health conditions and accidents and injuries?
  3. What are the factors associated with health service use and costs in the UK military?

The data linkage for this study will be conducted in a secure manner which will not involve sending questionnaire responses outside of the KCMHR team. For more information on the full process of the data linkage please click here to view the data flow diagram.

Participants will only be included in this study if they provided consent for the KCMHR team to access their medical records. If you previously took part in the Health and Well-being study and you have any further questions or you have now changed your mind, then you are free to opt out of this data linkage study by contacting the KCMHR research team or the Principal Investigator for this study, Dr Laura Goodwin ( 

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