Maudsley and Institute of Psychiatry
The library was always intended to be a resource which would support the current research activity of the Maudsley Hospital and (as it became after the Second World War) the Institute of Psychiatry. Under the influence of Edward Mapother (1881-1940) and Sir Aubrey Lewis (1900-75) it became very influential both as a magnet for refugee scholars from Nazi Germany (one of whom was Heinz Wolff) and as a rival to the Freudian-influenced Tavistock Institute. In 1997, as part of the general re-organization of teaching hospitals in London, the Institute of Psychiatry became part of King’s College London.
Although it was never intended that the IOP should house historical collections, the foundation collections had, with the passage of time, become primarily of interest to historians of psychiatry and neuroscience. With this change of purpose in mind, the historical collection of the IOP was transferred in 2007 to the Foyle Special Collections Library. Every item in the collection has a catalogue record which can be searched online, and includes full provenance information.
Several items from the IOP Historical Collection were included in the exhibition Mind matters: an exhibition on the history of neuroscience and psychiatry (2010), which can be viewed online. The exhibition explores several themes which are mentioned here in more detail. It also includes a comprehensive bibliography.
The papers of both Sir Aubrey Lewis and his wife Hilda North Lewis, who was an eminent child psychiatrist, are held in the College Archives.
German Berrios and Hugh Freeman (eds) 150 years of British psychiatry, 1841-1991. London: Gaskell/ Royal College of Psychiatrists, 1991
Michael Collie. Henry Maudsley: Victorian psychiatrist, a bibliographical study. Winchester: St. Paul’s Bibliographies, 1988
Stanley Finger. Minds behind the brain: a history of the pioneers and their discoveries. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000
Hugh Freeman and German Berrios (eds) 150 years of British psychiatry: volume II, the aftermath. London ; Atlantic Highlands, N. J.: Athlone Press, 1996
Charles Coulston Gillispie (ed.) Dictionary of scientific biography. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1975
Andrew Scull, Charlotte MacKenzie and Nicholas Hervey. Masters of Bedlam: the transformation of the mad-doctoring trade. Princeton, N. J.: Princeton University Press, 1996
Stephen Trombley. ‘All that summer she was mad’: Virginia Woolf and her doctors. London: Junction Books, 1981