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Useful links and references

Useful links

US National Academies Press IOM Dietary reference intakes for thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6, folate, vitamin B12, pantothenic acid, biotin, and choline, 2000

Linus Pauling Institute Micronutrient Information Center (Oregon State University)

NIH Health Information on thiamin


Further reading 

Whitfield, K. C., Bourassa, M. W., Adamolekun, B. , Bergeron, G. , Bettendorff, L. , Brown, K. H., Cox, L. , Fattal‐Valevski, A. , Fischer, P. R., Frank, E. L., Hiffler, L. , Hlaing, L. M., Jefferds, M. E., Kapner, H. , Kounnavong, S. , Mousavi, M. P., Roth, D. E., Tsaloglou, M. , Wieringa, F. and Combs, G. F. (2018), Thiamine deficiency disorders: diagnosis, prevalence, and a roadmap for global control programs. Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci., 1430: 3-43. doi:10.1111/nyas.13919


1.         Whitfield KC, Bourassa MW, Adamolekun B, Bergeron G, Bettendorff L, Brown KH, Cox L, Fattal‐Valevski A, Fischer PR, Frank EL. Thiamine deficiency disorders: diagnosis, prevalence, and a roadmap for global control programs. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 2018.

2.         Eitenmiller RR, Landen J, W.O. Vitamin Analysis for the Health and Food Sciences. 1. ed. Athens, GA: CRC Press LLC, 1999.

3.         Institute of Medicine. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1998.

4.         National Institutes for Health OoDS. Internet:

5.         Said HM, Balamurugan K, Subramanian VS, Marchant JS. Expression and functional contribution of hTHTR-2 in thiamin absorption in human intestine. American Journal of Physiology-Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology 2004;286:G491-G8.

6.         Bettendorff L, Wins P. Critical Review: Biological functions of thiamine derivatives: Focus on non-coenzyme roles. OA Biochemistry 2013;1:10.

7.         Linus Pauling Institute. Internet:

8.         Herve C, Beyne P, Lettéron P, Delacoux E. Comparison of erythrocyte transketolase activity with thiamine and thiamine phosphate ester levels in chronic alcoholic patients. Clinica chimica acta 1995;234:91-100.

9.         Delacoux E, Sancho J, Evstigneeff T, Coulombier L, Langin S. Détermination de l’activité de la transcétolase érythrocytaire. Clinica Chimica Acta 1980;108:483-6.

10.       Takeuchi T, Nishino K, Itokawa Y. Improved determination of transketolase activity in erythrocytes. Clinical chemistry 1984;30:658-61.

11.       Lu J, Frank EL. Rapid HPLC measurement of thiamine and its phosphate esters in whole blood. Clinical chemistry 2008;54:901-6.

12.       Meisser Redeuil KM, Longet K, Bénet S, Munari C, Campos-Giménez E. Simultaneous quantification of 21 water soluble vitamin circulating forms in human plasma by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. Journal of Chromatography A 2015.Nov 27;1422:89-98.