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Useful links and references

Useful links

US National Academies Press IOM Dietary reference intakes for thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6, folate, vitamin B12, pantothenic acid, biotin, and choline, 2000

Linus Pauling Institute Micronutrient Information Center (Oregon State University), niacin

NIH Health Information on niacin



1.         Institute of Medicine. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1998.

2.         National Institutes of Health OoDS. Internet:

3.         Linus Pauling Institute. Niacin. 2018.

4.         Trammell SA, Brenner C. Targeted, LCMS-based metabolomics for quantitative measurement of NAD+ metabolites. Computational and structural biotechnology journal 2013;4:1-9.

5.         Creeke PI, Seal AJ. Quantitation of the niacin metabolites 1-methylnicotinamide and l-methyl-2-pyridone-5-carboxamide in random spot urine samples, by ion-pairing reverse-phase HPLC with UV detection, and the implications for the use of spot urine samples in the assessment of niacin status. Journal of Chromatography B 2005;817:247-53.

6.         Pfuhl P, Kärcher U, Häring N, Baumeister A, Tawab MA, Schubert-Zsilavecz M. Simultaneous determination of niacin, niacinamide and nicotinuric acid in human plasma. Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis 2005;36:1045-52.

7.         Ross A, Caballero B, Cousins R, Tucker K, Ziegler T. Modern nutrition in health and disease. Philadelphia, Baltimore, New York, London, Buenos Aires, Hong Kong, Tokyo: Wolters Kluwer – Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2014.

8.         Jacobson EL, Jacobson MK. [19] Tissue NAD as a biochemical measure of niacin status in humans. Edtion ed. Methods in enzymology: Elsevier, 1997:221-30.

9.         Jacob RA, Swendseid ME, McKEE RW, Fu CS, Clemens RA. Biochemical markers for assessment of niacin status in young men: urinary and blood levels of niacin metabolites. The Journal of nutrition 1989;119:591-8.

10.       Creeke PI, Dibari F, Cheung E, van den Briel T, Kyroussis E, Seal AJ. Whole blood NAD and NADP concentrations are not depressed in subjects with clinical pellagra. The Journal of nutrition 2007;137:2013-7.

11.       Fu CS, Swendseid ME, Jacob RA, McKee RW. Biochemical markers for assessment of niacin status in young men: levels of erythrocyte niacin coenzymes and plasma tryptophan. The Journal of nutrition 1989;119:1949-55.

12.       Nisselbaum J, Green S. A simple ultramicro method for determination of pyridine nucleotides in tissues. Analytical biochemistry 1969;27:212-7.