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Dr Mark Mulligan completed his undergraduate degree in geography at the University of Bristol from 1988-1991. After a brief period in the rainforests of Brunei with the then Royal Geographical Society (RGS) Brunei Rainforest Expedition, he moved to King’s for his PhD on 'Modelling hydrology and vegetation change in a degraded semi-arid area', supervised by Professor John Thornes.

Mark took up the post of Lecturer in Geography at King’s in September 1994 at the age of 24 and has been teaching and researching in the Department since, with a year (2003-2004) research secondment to Istituto di Botanica, Universita' di Napoli, Italy.

In 2003, Mark was appointed Reader in Geography and in 2004 was awarded the Royal Geographical Society – Institute of British Geographers Gill Memorial Award for ‘innovative monitoring and modelling’ of environmental systems. 

Mark is an honorary fellow at the United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC), adjunct Doctoral Graduate Faculty at Texas State University 2007-2012, and trustee of PROAVES UK.


  • Development and application of spatial policy support systems
  • Agriculture, land use change and climate change impacts on water and ecosystems
  • Ecosystem services mapping and modelling
  • Tropical forests and tropical montane cloud forests
  • Environmental modelling, environmental Geographical Information Systems (GIS) and environmental monitoring with open source hardware

Mark's research interests include climate, hydrology and vegetation processes and dynamics, and their interactions with each other, and with human activity, in the Mediterranean and tropical humid environments. His research applies high-tech field monitoring based on his open-source designs at and distributed process-based computer modelling.

He is committed to science in the service of society and has thus focused (collaboratively with industrial partners) on making his research results available to industrial and policy-oriented users through decision support tools at and web-based modelling tools and data distribution systems and



  • Personal tutor (Years 1, 2 and 3) 
  • Academic tutor (Year 1)
  • Deputy chair (Undergraduate exam board)
  • Geography BSc (Dissertation supervisor)
  • 6SSG3030 Tropical Forests in a Changing Environment 


  • Academic tutor
  • Environmental Monitoring, Modelling and Management MSc (Convenor)
  • Geography MA/MSc (Convenor)
  • 7SSG5031 Modelling Environmental Change At The Land Surface
  • 7SSG5109 Environmental Geographical Information Systems 
  • 7SSG5035 Monitoring Environmental Change
  • 7SSG5111 Environmental Research Design and Applications
  • Dissertation in MA/MSc Geography
  • Contributor: Seminars in Environmental Management

PhD supervision

Mark welcomes PhD students looking to research a variety of topics regarding policy support, ecosystem service evaluation and environmental change, at scales from local to global and with particular emphasis on tropical forests and semi-arid drylands.

He works with a large body of (mainly overseas) PhD students, having been the principal supervisor for the successful completion of 32 PhD candidates since 2000. For the full list current and existing PhD students, see here.

Further details

See Mark's research profile