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Eka Ikpe

Eka is a Lecturer in Development Economics in Africa.  She has researched and written on a range of issues in development economics and security and development. These include: the role of the state in economic development; interaction between agriculture/ mineral resources/ industrialisation and economic development; post-conflict reconstruction; development planning; regionalism, economic development and security in Africa; foreign direct investment; state fragility and donor-aid policy; security sector reform/transformation; women, peace and security; and peacebuilding.

Eka teaches on the MSc Degree Programmes at the King’s African Leadership Centre, undertakes supervision of PhD students and serves as admissions tutor for Postgraduate Degree programmes. She also teaches on the BA Degree Programme in International Development at the King’s International Development Institute. 

Eka has participated in a range of policy influencing projects including: training of Liberian legislators on security sector reform oversight; contributing to the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Conflict Prevention Framework and co-authoring the Women Peace and Security Action Plan; participating in the European Union-Africa Research Network; co-authoring a research study on security and development in the Sahel for the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa; and co-authoring a background document for the UK Department for International Development proposed framework for support to security and justice provision to the poor. She is also a member of the International Initiative for Promoting Political Economy and the African Security Sector Network.

Eka holds a BA in Economics from the University of Leeds, MSc in Economics (with reference to Africa) and a PhD in Economics from the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. Her PhD thesis is titled: Agriculture the means to an Industrialisation end: Lessons from the Developmental State Paradigm. The thesis examines the developmental state paradigm and its capacity to interrogate the developmental experiences of developing economies especially in Africa. It finds that although the DSP has made great strides in challenging the neoliberal rhetoric against a strong role for the state in development, it is stifled conceptually in assessment of the experiences of non-industrial economies. The thesis puts forward a new framework: the Enhanced Developmental State Paradigm (EDSP) that is designed to engage more fully the experiences of non-industrial developing economies. The EDSP focuses on the role of the state in the enabling socio-economic transformation through industrialisation from an agricultural base (given that this tends to be the broadest sector of the economy in most developing economies). It also addresses dualised primary sectors (mineral resources and agriculture) by considering how intra-primary sector linkages facilitate surplus transfers to enable structural transformation. 


Research Interests

  • Developmental states
  • Development planning
  • Agriculture, mineral resources and industrialisation in development processes
  • Post-Conflict Reconstruction
  • Regionalism and economic development
  • The United Nations/ regional organisations (especially ECOWAS) and peacebuilding
  • Women, peace and security
  • Security sector governance, reform and transformation


Articles in peer-reviewed journals
Torriti, J. and Ikpe E. (2015) “Administrative Costs of Regulation and Foreign Direct Investment: Evidence from Standard Cost Model implementation in non-OECD countries” Review of World Economics, 151:1
Ikpe E. (2014) “The Development Planning Era and Developmental Statehood: The Pursuit of Structural Transformation in Nigeria” Review of African Political Economy, 41:142
Ikpe, E. (2007) “Challenging the Discourse on Fragile States”, Conflict, Security and Development Journal, 7:1
Olonisakin, F., Barnes, K. and Ikpe, E. (eds) (2011) “Women, Peace and Security: Translating Policy into Practice”, London: Routledge.
Book chapters
Ikpe, E. (2013) “Lessons for Nigeria from developmental states: The Role of Agriculture in Structural Transformation” in Fine, B., Saraswati, J. and Tavasci, D. (eds) Beyond the Developmental State: Industrial Policy into the 21st Century, London: Pluto Press
Olonisakin, F. and Ikpe, E. (2012) “The United Nations Peacebuilding Commission: Problems and Prospects” in Curtis, D. and Dzinesa, G. (eds) Peacebuilding in Africa, Athens: Ohio University Press
Ikpe, E. (2011) “Nigeria and the implementation of UNSCR 1325” in Olonisakin, F., Barnes, K. and Ikpe, E. (eds) Women, Peace and Security: Translating Policy into Practice, London: Routledge
Olonisakin, F. and Ikpe, E. (2011) “Conclusion” in Olonisakin, F., Barnes, K. and Ikpe, E. (eds) Women, Peace and Security: Translating Policy into Practice, London: Routledge
Ikpe, E. (2011) “ECOWAS, Women and Security” in Olonisakin, F. and Okech, A. (eds) Women and Security Governance in Africa, Oxford: Pambazuka Press
Ikpe, E. (2010) “Security Sector Transformation beyond the State: the Economic Community of West African States” in Bryden, A. and Olonisakin, F. (eds) Security Sector Transformation Africa, Geneva: Lit Verlag
Working/Occasional papers and monographs
Olonisakin, F. with Ikpe, E. and Badong, P. (2009) “The Future of Security and Justice for the Poor: A ‘Blue-Sky’ Think Piece”, prepared for UK Department for International Development, CSDG Policy Studies Papers No. 21
Picciotto, R., Alao, C., Ikpe, E., Kimani, M. and Slade, R. (2005) “Striking a new balance: Donor Policy Coherence and Development Cooperation in Difficult Environments” Background paper commissioned by the Learning and Advisory Process of the Development Assistance Committee of the OECD, January 2005
Ikpe, E. (2005) Study of Linkages from the MDGs to Country Implementation in Health: Uganda and Rwanda Health, Nutrition and Population Discussion Paper: MDG Oriented Sector and
Poverty Reductions Strategies by Mick Foster October 2005

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