The Department of Twin Research & Genetic Epidemiology was set up by Professor Tim Spector, Consultant Rheumatologist in 1992 using grant funding from the Wellcome Trust and Arthritis Research Campaign (ARUK). Its main focus was to look at the incidence of osteoporosis and other rheumatologic diseases in several hundred monozygotic (identical) twins.
The Department then joined the Division of Genetics and Molecular Medicine, King’s College London on 1 September 2006 and joined The School of Life Course Sciences recently in 2017.
Since then the Department has expanded greatly both in areas of research as well as in the number of twins recruited.It now encompasses a registry with a database of 12,000 identical and non-identical twins from right across the UK with ages between sixteen and ninety eight.
Female twins continue to predominate and overall the mean age is in the mid fifties. It is now the UK’s only adult twin registry and the most clinical detailed in the world.