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Technology & ScienceHealth

AD Pheno-biome

There is wide variation in the clinical manifestation of atopic dermatitis (AD). The well-recognised phenotypes - flexural AD, follicular AD and discoid AD - have different treatment responses with follicular and discoid AD being more treatment-resistant than flexural AD. The mechanisms underlying this disease heterogeneity are poorly understood but there is increasing evidence for the role of the skin and gut microbiota and their associated metabolic and downstream immuno-modulatory effects in the disease.

Skin and gut microbiome and metabolome samples will be collected from paediatric AD patients (n=75) age 2-18. Skin tape strip samples will be collected for cytokine assessment. The integration of these datasets with detailed clinical phenotypes will provide a comprehensive multi-level profile of the microbiota and associated metabolites and immune markers in AD and over the course of disease flares.

The outcomes of this work may identify distinct microbiome, metabolome and immune signatures associated with flexural vs follicular vs discoid AD, novel subtype-specific mechanisms of disease pathogenesis and therefore has the potential to reveal disease markers and therapeutic targets for AD clinical phenotypes.


  1. Identify skin and gut microbiota, metabolome and immune profile signatures associated with different clinical phenotypes of AD
  2. Investigate how these AD phenotype-associated signatures change during disease flares
Project status: Starting
AD PhenoBiome 160x75

Principal Investigators



Funding Body: Pfizer

Amount: N/A

Period: April 2022 - April 2024