The People of Medieval Scotland (POMS) created a factoid-based prosopography drawn primarily from legal charter sources from Scotland 1093-1314. It was developed in two phases. The first (called then the Paradox of Medieval Scotland: funded by the AHRC) ran from 2005 to 2009 and covered the period 1093-1286. This was extended as a second phase to 1314 to include the time when England’s Edward I attempted to conquer Scotland and rule it as well. This second phase was a part of the Breaking of Britain project (AHRC funded) which also produced the PONE database described below, and ran from 2009 to 2011. A most recent phase, developed in conjunction with the COTR project, resulted in an update in 2019.
A central development in POMS was a much richer representation of charter structure than had appeared in earlier factoid prosopographies, including a rich representation of transactions as a kind of event factoid. PASE dealt with charters too, and included a transaction factoid, but it was less sophisticated than the model developed for POMS turned out to be. See Bradley et al 2017 for an article that describes the impact of the centrality of charters on the factoid model, and an interpretation of how the structured data model produced a set of data that was different from charter-text based approaches. POMS used the facetted approach to provide public access to its dataset, and, in part because of the many different kinds of information that could act as facets challenged many of the simpler facetted models already in use at DDH and elsewhere.
The factoid structure provides data that can be explored using the network-based models of Social Network Analysis (SNA). A project funded by the Leverhulme foundation looked to see what new insights about Medieval Scotland could be uncovered when POMS’s database was explored in this way, using the tools and methodologies of SNA. Some results of this approach have begun to appear, and have been made public here. In addition, geographic resolution work has been done on POMS to allow data in it to be projected on to maps of Scotland.
The understanding of factoids in POMS grew out of and developed from the factoid models for PBW and PASE. POMS is, therefore, a third generation factoid prosopography.
PoMS has had its data expressed is Linked Open Data via its RDF server. See it at https://www.poms.ac.uk/rdf