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Krieg, Dr Andreas

Andreas Krieg

Contact Details

Email: ; 


Telephone: +44 (0)1793 788061

Research Interests

  • Civil-Military Relations
  • Security Sector Reform in the Middle East
  • Commercialization of Military and Security Services
  • Changing security paradigms in the Arab World
  • Surrogate Warfare
  • Violent non-state actors
  • Persian Gulf security 

In his research Dr Andreas Krieg has focused on a variety of different subjects relating to the academic discipline of Security Studies. During his graduate studies Andreas’ research revolved around Just War theory and conflict studies with a particular focus on the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. During his doctoral studies and beyond Andreas has focused on the changing nature of civil-security sector relations amid a growing commercialization of security, and its impact on security provision in the 21st century.

More recently, Andreas has explored the nexus between security and socio-politics in the Middle East after the Arab Spring. He has just completed a monograph on surrogate warfare analyzing new security assemblages between state and non-state actors in 21st century security provision. In particular, this monograph is a first attempt to conceptualize the wide-ranging externalization of the burden of warfare from state to non-state actors in recent decades.     


In his doctoral thesis on the commercialization of military and security services, Andreas explored the possibility of using private contractors to sustain a credible and sufficient human input in 21st century warfare with a specific focus on humanitarian intervention. Through the prism of liberal Social Contract Theory, Andreas examined to what extent regular state soldiers as well as private contractors are able to project force credibly, ethically and effectively in military humanitarian intervention.

PhD Supervision

Dr Krieg is happy to supervise PhD students on aspects of liberal normative theory, civil-military relations, security sector reform, or regime resilience in the Arab World.


Andreas has been able to complement his academic research into the underlying political, socio-economic, cultural, religious and ethnic dynamics of the Middle East by engaging with local civilian, political, military and diplomatic stakeholders. Whether in Damascus, Tel Aviv or Doha, Andreas has used his time studying, researching and working in the region to build enduring networks. Particularly in respect to public, private and commercial security provision, Andreas has developed a network of expertise reaching from North Africa over the Levant to the Gulf.

Between 2013 and 2017 Andreas has worked on a contract for the Qatari Armed Forces providing his regional and subject-related expertise to security sector reform in Qatar. In conjunction with the British Ministry of Defence this project made an essential contribution to the reform of the security sector in Qatar on the operational and strategic level providing training and education to officers and officials of the Qatari Armed Forces, the Emiri Guard and other security services.

Andreas provides weekly commentaries and insights on international security affairs in global print, online and broadcast media. Further, Dr Krieg has co-founded the London-based Private Military and Security Research Group (PMSRG) and the Near East Centre for Security & Strategy (NECSS).


Krieg, A. (2012). Motivations for Humanitarian Intervention: Theoretical and Empirical Considerations. New York: Springer.

Krieg, A. (2016). Commercializing Cosmopolitan Security: Safeguarding the Responsibility to Protect. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Krieg, A. (2017). Socio-Political Order & Security in the Arab World: From Regime to Public Security. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Krieg, A. (2018 forthcoming). Surrogate Warfare: A mode of War for the 21st century. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press. 

Peer-Reviewed Publications

Krieg, A. (2013). Towards a normative explanation: Understanding Western state reliance on contractors using Social Contract theory. Global Change, Peace and Security, Vol.25, No.3, 2013.

Krieg, A. (2014). Beyond the Trinitarian Institutionalization of the Warrior Ethos - A Normative Conceptualization of Soldier and Contractor Commitment in Post-Modern Conflict. Defence Studies, Vol.14, No.1, 2014.

Krieg, A. (2014). Regulating the Global Security Industry: A Liberal Normative Perspective. St. Anthony's International Review, Vol.9 , No. 2, 2014.

Krieg, A. (2014). The Role of Commercially Provided Security in Africa's Patrimonial Security Complexes. AUSTRAL Brazilian Journal of Strategy & International Relations, Vol. 3, No.5, 2014.

Krieg, A., (2016). Externalizing the burden of war: the Obama Doctrine and US foreign policy in the Middle East. International Affairs, January 2016, Volume 92, Number 1.

Krieg, A. (2016) The Contractor as the New Cosmopolitan Soldier. Routledge Research Companion on Outsourcing Security. Kinsey, C. & Berndtsson, J. (eds). London: Routledge.

Krieg, A. (2016) The Privatization of Civil-Security Sector Relations and the Struggle for Public Security in Iraq. Political and Military Sociology: An Annual Review, Volume 44, 2016.

Krieg, A. (2016) Gulf Security Policy After the Arab Spring: Considering Changing Security Dynamics. The Small Gulf States: Foreign and Security Policy. Rickli, J.M. et al (eds.). London: Routledge.

Krieg, A. (2017). Obama and the Middle East – No We Can’t – ORIENT, Vol. 58:2, 2017.

Krieg, A. (2017). Military Action. In The Sage Encyclopedia of Political Behaviour. Moghaddam, F. M. (ed.). New York: Sage.

Krieg, A. (2017). ‘Barking Dogs Seldom Bite’ – Trump and the Middle East. Insight Turkey, 19:3, 2017. 

Krieg, A., Rickli, J.M. (2018). Surrogate warfare: the art of war in the 21st century? Defence Studies, 18:1, 2018.

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